HUST in Local Medias

February 23,2017

On January 31th, HBTV reported the story of foreign experts and international students of WNLO by a program named Striving in 2017: Spending Spring Festival in Optical Valley. In the Digital PET Imaging Lab of WNLO, Prof.Valery V Tuchin from Russia was testing the reliability of a new chip with his team. His chip technology has broken the best international clinical record of digital PET’s accuracy of testing cancer cells and improved it from 4.5mm to 2.2mm. The products of digital PET technology had been put into clinical application, which has broken the monopoly of enterprises in the USA, Germany and Netherlands. It is the second Chinese New Year that Professor Valery spent in Hubei province. Moteng Tagne Patrickm, an international student majoring in optical communication, was also very busy with research and development in Spring Festival. He enjoyed the atmosphere in Optical Valley and believed that he would succeed in his career there. On February 6th, Hubei News reported the story of Huagong Genuine Optics Co.,Ltd in a sub column named “Deepening Supply-side Structural Reform, Focusing on Developing Projects and Endeavoring to be a New Growth Pole”. All the production lines were running at full capacity to produce fiber optic modem when Spring Festival still hasn’t come to an end.Tian Wen, the automation engineer said they were developing an intelligent fusion gateway and the box in charge of the internet, fiber optic and television would be designed altogether. According to their estimation, it can realize volume production in 2018. On the Same day, Hubei News also reported the story of Professor Chen Changqing’s story “Breaking International Monopoly in Ultraviolet LED” Ultraviolet LED can make ultraviolet light which imitates sunshine, and the technology was monopolized by foreign countries for a long time. It is Professor Chen Changqing who makes Hubei Province take the lead internationally in that area from the scratch. In 2012, he made his own team with the help of 3551 Optics Valley Talent Program. After improving American technology, he developed the basic materials of Ultraviolet LED with proprietary intellectual property rights. Professor Chen’s team had developed almost 20 patents in seven years, and improve the power of the products to 20 W/c㎡. Now, they had built cooperation with many enterprises, such as Sichuan Changhong Electric Co.,Ltd., YOFC Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company, PSA Peugeot Citroen Group and so on. In December, 2016, Professor Chen Changqing was listed in the second batch of Wuhan’s City Partners, which means the green card of his career. (The photo is originated from Hubei News report)  

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HUST President’s View on Wuhan Development Strategy

February 21,2017

  “The idea of building Wuhan into a ‘university city’, a ‘youth city’ and ‘innovation city’ is the right decision because Wuhan has the advantages to do this.” said President Ding Lieyun from Huazhong University of Science and Technology on an interview with the reporters from Changjiang Daily recently.  According to President Ding, hosting around one million college students, Wuhan is highly identified as a city of higher education and scientific research. There must be at least one college student in every ten people, which makes Wuhan a perfect city to be named the “university city” and the “youth city”.  By building the “dream city” and the “innovation city”, millions of young college students would choose to work in Wuhan. College students, with higher education, are the people to make difference, so we must keep these talents and help them develop. They are the new force of the future of Wuhan.  Point 1: The industry adjustment needs more talents.   “Wuhan has many advantages to attract and host the talents.” said Mr. Ding, the city is advantage in lower living expense, less start-up capital, and what’ s more important, a good storage of college students. These explain why so many big companies set up their incubators here.  Comparing with those old industry bases as Shenyang and Changchun, Wuhan has successfully finish her industry structure upgrade. Today photoelectron, biological pharmacy and other newly developed industries flushed into the city, which is also a great incentive to talent attraction.  Ding analyzed the characteristics of college students in Wuhan. He thinks that the college students here are very responsible for their jobs, they would not easily change their jobs. “This is also an advantage of Wuhan because being innovative is a spontaneous thing, you shouldn’t give up at half way, if you did, then you won’t succeed.”  Point 2: Build a new Zhongguancun in Wuhan  The innovation and entrepreneurship policies in Wuhan are very good. The Gold 10 Rules issued by the municipality has casted positive impact on the transformation of scientific and technological achievements both for college students and the scholars.  Besides, scale and brand development are important to the innovation and venture bases. Local government should provide professional service and build a good entrepreneurship culture and atmosphere so we can build our local “Zhongguancun”. Taking HUST as an example: now a 180,000㎡ innovation and entrepreneurship base is under busy construction, which will provide a series of professional services including venture capital, science and technology broker, lawyer service, accounting service, patent filing, company registration and so on. “We really hope to develop the base into a base like Stanford University, which can provide great many of innovation and entrepreneurship talents for the optical valley area.”  Ding suggested that talent incubation is equal important. We should encourage more people to be makers, help the makers to achieve their goal, only by doing these things can we build a professional integrated chain of entrepreneurship service circle.  Building a national science center in Wuhan is also part of Ding’s strategy. He thought that the national science center is an agglomeration of scientific infrastructures and a gather of high-quality talents, which will have a long-term influence on the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship culture, thus attracting more college graduates to stay in Wuhan to form a benign circulation.  Recently, besides WNLO, there are another two major fundamental scientific research projects under construction in HUST, one is the strong pulse magnetic project and the other one is the precision gravity survey project. Once put into use, they can provide job positions for a lot of people and they can also help the talents-relating entrepreneurships to develop.        

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Nature Communications Published the Research Results of Professor Dong Jianji’s Team

February 20,2017

 On February 9th, Nature Communications published the cooperative research results co-authored by Prof. Dong Jianji of Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic of HUST, Dr. Ding Yunhong and Prof. Asger Mortensen of Technical University of Denmark (Danmarks Tekniske Universitet). The title of the paper is Slow-light-enhanced energy efficiency for graphene microheaters on silicon photonic crystal waveguides.  In the “Internet plus” era, everyone is enjoying the unprecedented convenient life brought by the flourish of information industry, including high-speed 4G/5G network, various mobile applications, smart homes, unmanned vehicles, etc. All of these supreme technology products, without exception, depend on high performance data processing and core transmission devices behind them. Most of the traditional core devices take electronics as the carrier of information. However, the “electronic bottleneck” makes it more and more difficult for traditional devices to satisfy the increased social requirements of high bandwidth and low energy consumption data transmission and processing. Considering that the optical signal has the properties of super speed, wide belt and low energy, which makes integrated photonic devices the best substitutes of traditional electronic ones. In order to ensure the flexibility and plasticity of integrated photonic devices, integrated photonic waveguides are always overlaid with nanometer heaters made of metal materials. By making use of their refractive index sensitivity to temperature (thermo-optic effect), the electrodes could play a regulatory function on them. However, due to the great light-absorption loss introduced by the metal, there must be a thick isolation layer of oxide between metallic heaters and photonic waveguides in the practical application, inevitably impeding heat transport to the goal waveguides efficiently. As a result of it, it directly causes high energy consumption and low speed within milliseconds in the tuning process. All of these factors have seriously restricted the further development and application of integrated photonic devices.  Researchers from Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic of HUST and Technical University of Denmark believed that the combination of graphene and slow light effect is an efficient approach to solve this problem after their long-term practice and exploration of tuning of integrated photonic waveguides. As a popular word in recent years, grapheme has become the focus of science and industry owing to many unique physical properties. Made of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb-like six-angle lattice, grapheme is a kind of two-dimensional special material with only one atom thickness. Therefore, it has many physical properties that other regular materials do not have. For example, it is almost transparent, with the light absorption of only 2.3%; its thermal conductivity is as high as 5,300 W/m·K. It can be concluded that grapheme is one of the best materials with high thermal conductivity so far. These two unique properties could make grapheme the best alternative to traditional metallic heaters. Compared to traditional heaters, the use of grapheme as a heating material in close contact to the photonic waveguides can significantly avoid the light absorption loss of grapheme and heat loss of the oxide layer due to grapheme’s low light absorption rate. Meanwhile, high thermal conductivity means that it can transmit the heat to the waveguides at an extremely high speed, greatly increased the tuning efficiency. The clever twist here is that, by adding the grapheme on the photonic crystal waveguide with special band structure upgrading from the traditional waveguide, the performance of grapheme heater can be improved significantly, as shown in figure 2 and figure 3. The reason is that the speed of light in the photonic crystal waveguide is 30 times slower than it in a vacuum, which results in more efficient heating length of optical signal and lower energy consumption of tuning. Based on the above theoretical support, Prof. Dong Jianji of Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic, Dr. Ding Yunhong of Technical University of Denmark and Prof. Asger Mortensen carried out a cooperative research and designed the slow-light-enhanced graphene microheater. The test results showed that (see figure 4), the thermal tuning efficiency of the slow-light-enhanced graphene microheater is up to 1.07 nm·mW-1, nearly twice higher than traditional devices. The energy consumption during the 360°phase shift is only 3.99 mW, lower than most traditional metallic heaters. The switch speed of the optical signal is only 550 ns, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the fastest reported tuning speed for nanometer heaters. Moreover, the corresponding figure of merit of the device is 2.543 2.543 nW·s, which is 30 times better than results reported in previous studies. So it is considered as the best nano heater with comprehensive merit. Considering the widely required applications of nano microheaters in the photonic integrated circuits in the future, there exist many challenges in energy consumption and tuning speed. The result of the research presents promising applications in many functional photonic devices, such as integrated phased array radars, optical arbitrary waveform generator and other important communication and state defense devices.         The achievement was published in the international top comprehensive journal Nature Communications on February 9th, 2017. The PhD candidate Yan Siqi is the first author and Prof. Dong Jianji and Ding Yunhong are co-corresponding authors. The project was supported by the Chinese Outstanding Youth Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 61622502), Danish Independent Research Fund (DFF-1337−00152 & DFF-1335−00771) and Danish National Research Foundation (Project DNRF103).        

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The 6th Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize

December 05,2016

On November 19th, the award ceremony of the 6th Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize and the 2016 China’s Economic Development Forum were held in Beijing. 9 scholars with 5 works won the prize. Since its initiation in 2006, the Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize has been awarded to a large number of scholars including Lin Yifu, Tan Chongtai, Wu Jinglian, Zhang Jun, Li Yining and Zhang Shuguang who have made great contributions to the development of economics, which has produced fine social influence and become one of the major awards in China’s economic circles. The 2016 China’s Economic Development Forum was held at the same time. The participating experts and scholars have further and deepen discussion on the topic of Crossing the “middle income trap”: the innovative development of China’s economy during the 13th Five-year plan period. The academic reports have been given in succession by renowned scholars Chen Xiwen, Zhang Shuguang, Li Shi, Ba Shusong, Li Yang, Zhang Jianhua, Zhou Liqun, Yang Ruilong, Huang Qunhui, Shi Qinghua, Long Xiaoning, Hu Biliang, Li Zuojun, Wang Xiaoqin, Zhang Ping, Yu Miaojie, Du Yang, Zhang Xiaojing, Wu Yanbing, Yang Chengyu and Qian Xuesong, who were from Chinese Academy of Social Science, Development Research Center of the State Council, Peking University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, Xiamen University and other research institutions.

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HUST Win Prizes in China Educational Robot Contest

November 25,2016

From 12th to 13th November, the national finals of The Sixth China Educational Robot Contest, 2016 were held in HUST. Two HUST teams took part in the contest of creative group and won the First Prize and Second Prize respectively. The entries of the teams are focused on housekeeping service robots for the group with mobility problems and underground parking track record system based on inertial navigation respectively. Initiated in 2011, China Educational Robot Contest was co-launched by Shenzhen CAS Open Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd, CAAI and Shenzhen Robotics Association, having been held successfully in many universities and colleges including Shenzhen University, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Hunan University and Southeast University etc. China Educational Robot Contest this year has attracted positive response and numerous participants involving 304 teams from nearly 100 universities and colleges from across the country, which breaks the record considering its scale of nearly 1,000 participants. The national finals of the Contest contain 13 major projects and 26 sections, covering wide range of students and plenty of fantastic items such as LEGO contest in primary school section and educational fire-fighting robot contest in secondary school section, as well as educational robot intelligent transportation contest and educational robot challenge competition in college section etc.    

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HUST Uncovers New Applications and Mechanism for Selenium

November 23,2016

On October 31st, the team led by Prof. Zhang Shengming in the Center for Advanced Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering at HUST published a paper online in the leading journal American Chemical Society Nano (ACS Nano). The paper is entitled In Vitro and In Vivo Mechanism of Bone Tumor Inhibition by Selenium-doped Bone Mineral Nanoparticles, which reveals the mechanism of bone tumor inhibition by selenium-doped hydroxyapatite (HA) biomaterials. Selenium is an essential microelement for human life (chemical symbol Se, which is abbreviated from the Greek word Selene and means “goddess of the moon”). Se deficiency may lead to Keshan disease, deformability osteoarthrosis and several kinds of tumors. Researches show that Se has good inhibition effects on kinds of tumors. After years of research, Prof. Zhang’s team has successfully embedded the selenium into a certain kind of bone regeneration material—the lattice of HA, thereby inventing selenium-doped HA biomaterials (Se-HA, Invention Patent, China, ZL201110127119.1). They found that Se-HA can not only inhibit osteosarcoma cells growth and promote mesenchymal stem cells proliferation, but also significantly improve the functions of human organization (Cover Story: Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2015, 4, 1813-1818). The new selenium-doped biomaterials have shown its important prospect in the field of regeneration and repair after malignant bone tumor resection. The new result published in ACS Nano (doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6bo3835) further demonstrated that after being internalized into tumor cells by nonspecific endocytosis, selenium-doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Se-HANs) could rapidly degrade in the acidic lysosome to release inorganic Se ions and induce the generation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Synergistically orchestrated with the ROS, tumor cells apoptosis activated by two selenium-induced, caspase-dependent apoptosis pathways. This project was completed in collaboration with the University of Oklahoma (USA), Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University and Zhejiang University. The PhD candidate Wang Yifan and Dr. Wang Jianglin are co-first authors of this paper. Prof. C. Mao at the University of Oklahoma and Prof. Zhang Shengming at our university are co-corresponding authors. HUST is the institute of the first author and the corresponding author. The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Interdisciplinary Innovation Team of HUST. 

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CIUC Holds 2016 Chinese Prizegiving in Christchurch

November 22,2016

On 17th November, the 2016 Annual Chinese Prizegiving of South Island New Zealand was held at St Margaret's College, Christchurch. More than 600 local people, including principals, teachers, prize winners and their families attended the ceremony. Distinguished guests present included Jimmy Chen, Christchurch City Councillor, Prof Jonathan Le Cocq, Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Arts at the University of Canterbury, Zhai Jianjun, Chinese Education Consul, Dr FUJiwei, National Chinese Language Adviser, and Delegation of Huazhong University of Science and Technology led by Professor XU Mingwu. The evening started with a lively Chinese folk dance performed by students from Merrin School and a welcome speech given by Gillian Simpson, the Principal of St Margaret’s College. Then the Councillor Jimmy Chen, Education Consul Zhai Jianjun and Dr Fujiwei also spoke to the audience. In Jimmy Chen’s speech, he gave a warm welcome to the HUST delegation. After that he highly commended the great achievement of CIUC in 2016 and congratulated all students who were awarded the prizes and encouraged them to continue learning Chinese. He also point out that the rapid development of Chinese teaching in New Zealand not only boost the bilateral relationships between the two countries, but also enhance the exchanges and cooperation in the area of education, culture, economy, science and technology. On behalf of the Consul General Jin Zhijian, the Educational Consul Zhai Jianjun stated in his speech that language learning is a bridge for culture exchanges. So far, around 150 schools in the South Island have started mandarin classes. The Chinese learners are booming towards to over 11,000.  Over 150 students from 56 schools in Christchurch were awarded prizes for outstanding achievement in their respective school’s Chinese programmes. 109 out of 1031 contestants won prizes for New Zealand National Chinese Calligraphy Competition. Last but not least, this year, 21 students were presented with prizes for high achievement in the YCT and HSK Examinations. In addition, the Confucius Classroom at Christchurch Boys’ High School won the 2016 Confucius Classroom of the Year due to their successful Chinese programme. During the Prizegiving, Tai Chi and Guzheng (a troditional Chinese instrument) Performance given by CIUC teachers was also very well received. The atmosphere of the Prizegiving ceremony was warm and encouraging. After the event, the awarded students took photos with guests to retain the memory of this wonderful experience. The prize winners expressed that they are all big fans of learning Chinese and winning the awards this year was a big encouragement for their future learning.                                                                                                         

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Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Steven Chu Visits HUST

November 21,2016

From 3rd to 4th November, Dr. Steven Chu, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, paid a visit to Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). On the morning of 3rd November, Dr. Chu attended the Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2016 (ACP2016), the 9th International Photonics and OptoElectronics Meetings (POEM2016), and the 13th International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM2016). The three conferences were all hosted by HUST and organized by Wuhan National Lab for Optoelectronics (WNLO). In the special session named Light the World, Dr. Chu delivered a report entitled How Optics Will Revolutionize the World, which drew enthusiastic responses. On the morning of 4th November, Dr. Chu and his wife, accompanied by Prof. Ding Lieyun, the president of HUST, visited WNLO. Prof. Luo Qingming, HUST vice-president, introduced HUST’s research on Brain conectome Atlas, and Prof. Han Hongwei from Photonics for Energy Division of WNLO delivered a report about Mesoscopic Solar Cells. After that, Dr. Chu delivered a lecture in School of Physics of HUST. Dr. Chu shared his life experience with teachers and students present from a point of view of a scientist. He introduced his family, a family of scholars, his learning experience at University of Rochester and University of California, Berkley, his work experience at the Bell Labs, Stanford University and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and his personal research in different periods of time. The hearty advice on personal growth of students and the honest sharing of perceptions of life ran through his whole lecture. After the lecture, Dr. Chu interacted with teachers and students present and answered their questions. Dr. Chu told students that sharing and exchange were vital in learning physics, because when you taught others physics, you also learned something at the same time. And he said that devoting yourself to the thing that you were most interested in was very important too. Then, Dr. Chu visited the Center for Gravitational Experiments of School of Physics of HUST. Steven Chu is a professor at Stanford University with his research focusing on atomic physics and laser science. His pioneering research on the laser cooling and atoms trapping won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, along with his scientific colleagues Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Daniel Phillips. Dr. Chu served as the 12th U.S. Secretary of Energy from Jan. 2009 to Apr. 2013. 

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Chi Zijian: Journey to Literature Paradise

November 18,2016

The image of monk Xuan Zang in Journey to the West has rooted deeply in people's mind. Meanwhile, Xuan Zang, a movie directed by Huo Jianqi, depicted how the Tang monk Xuan Zang went to the Western Heaven to acquire scriptures. Like religion believers, each writer follows his or her journey to literature paradise. On 9th November, the famous writer Chi Zijian was invited by HUST to give Humanities Lectures on her journey to literature paradise. At the audiences’ anxious expectation, Chi Zijian finally appeared on the podium of Humanities Lecture at 7 p.m. Chi Zijian started her lecture by expressing her sincere gratitude to the host and our students. She said, “I have been to many universities, but I was particularly touched by your trust and hospitality”.                            The Snowy North Gave Birth to Inspiration Chi Zijian was born in one of China’s most northern villages in Greater Khingan Range– the Arctic village, where it snows half a year. "In November, the ground has been covered with ice and snow. Then we will sit around the fireplace for warmth, drinking tea and baking potato chips on the stove. Besides, I would like to join the adults, listening to the seniors telling strange tales.” Through her vivid description, we could experience that she cherished her memory as a child in her hometown. In Chi Zijian's view, it was these folk myths and legends that made the essence of novels, and those novels without such myths and legends were mostly like soft persimmons, which were sweet but could not be chewed. Her ancestors rushed to Northeast with these strange tales, which exerted a lasting influence and gave enlightenment on her literature works. There remained nomadic tribes of Oroqen and Ewenki living in Greater Khingan Range, “They believe in animism”. The local inherited strange tales and primitive religious worship of local ethnic groups made differences in Chi Zijian’s works. Chi Zijian said with a smile, “Perhaps as many people hold the historical materialism today, the strange tales are too absurd for them. However, this is one part of literature, which can be developed and add brilliance to my novels. " Strange tales made Chi Zijian’s works beyond our daily experience,“I always thought that the person who had left our world was only to go to another space, they communicated with us by other means. And it would be very interesting if science proved that the soul had weight." When it came to Chi Zijian's visit in 2000 to the former residence of Grieg, a Norway Composer, Chi Zijian affectionately hummed the melody. At that time, the host invited the pianists to play for them. She found that the door of the hall balcony would open its own from time to time when the pianists were playing. “It’s just like that Grieg wanted to listen to his own melody and pushed the door into the room from the balcony." This feeling inspired Chi Zijian and was recorded in her work, Rain at Dusk of Grieg Sea. “I am neither the descendant of a notable writer nor an eminent family”. These strange tales and local primitive religion was the cradle of the Chi Zijian’s works. Having Seen the Nature, She Came to Know How Desolate and Warm the World Is The landscape is magnificent in Greater Khingan Range. Sparsely populated, it is the paradise of flora and fauna. It is a long winter in Greater Khingan Range every year. No matter what extreme weather it was during every winter holiday, Chi Zijian would accompany her father climb to the hill and pull firewood with cart and snow sledge. Chi Zijian remembered it clearly, for it was a long and painful period. Spring in Greater Khingan Range is all over in the blink of an eye, when on the mountains blossom the wild azalea. “I would go to pick the wild azalea in spring, then went home and inserted these flowers in wine bottles, canned pork bottles and abandoned pig trough. I loved the flowers with fruit. At that time, there was a wood behind our primary school. I would slip away and into the wood to pick a pocket of fruits during each setting-up exercise in class break, which could last me one lesson.” Chi Zijian said with a warm smile as a little girl. Nature is changeable. Those picked flowers, which haven’t been appreciated by people, will always wither without awareness. “So is people’s life.” In her hometown, a coffin was arranged in in front of the door in each family. From her childish perspective, the coffin represented the funeral and mourning hall. It left a desolate and unforgettable impression on Chi Zijian’s childhood. "I knew very early that there was an end to life, and death was sometimes unexpected. When I was a child, my classmate passed away as a result of being injected with wrong medicine for dysentery. His death shaded my heart a lot." Indeed, sadness is never far away from us. However, Chi Zijian is constantly seeking for warmth. In her view, warmth comes naturally in her tragic works, White Snow’s Cemetery, Chi Zijian wrote about the scene when her father passed away. My mother looked at father’s closed eyes and forbore to shed her tears, “At that moment, I found that there was a red bean in my mother's eyes, and thought there was some problems in her eyes. Afterwards, she secretly went to the cemetery to search for a tomb without a monument. When my mother went back, she said, ‘When I came to your father's tomb, my heart beats a lot. I knew this was your father's tomb.’” Chi Zijian found that when her mother told her about it, the red bean in her eyes disappeared, as if her father had turned into a red bean and lingered on their home. At last, he leaved without worry until her mother had come to see him. At that time, Chi Zijian's eyes were full of tears. Perhaps it is a warm story, as for Chi Zijian, in fact, it’s desolate. Warmth comes only due to her tirelessly seek. “My father and my husband's early death made me sorrow. The wind, frost, rain and snow of nature just like the spring, summer, autumn and winter of life. In this land of my hometown, I have seen life and death, and then seen the spring. These dead plants would sprout in spring as usual." Female Is Not a Label "Some critics have always felt that my works are lack of female images, and I respect their opinions. However, I am skeptical about this kind of constructive criticism." Chi Zijian said with seriousness. Chi Zijian convinced that the relation between man and woman was like that between the sun and the moon, which is interdependent with each shining in the sky. “The biggest difference between man and woman is that women possess the most direct and distinct cognition towards life in the reproductive process. Therefore, woman may be more tolerant and love life." “I dislike that the writers are classified by their gender, for it is of arrogance and prejudice.” In Chi Zijian's view, these works with female images should be the natural expression of their emotions, rather than for their own label affixed to the female. But it requires women to have their own thought as well as freedom of the soul. Our society should also give our female more equal rights to develop as their male counterparts. Some female images in film and television works in recent years have deeply disappointed Chi Zijian, for more female became after money or fame and lost their own spirits. She felt sad and mourned for the female images in Yuan Drama, who were unyielding, noble and pure. In Sophie's Choice, Sophie could only choose to one of the children to survive in the Nazi concentration camps. “Many people thought that Sophie chose her son to survive for "male superiority to female", but from my perspective, it was because that, as a female, she knew that woman was more devoted. She wanted her daughter to be devoted as herself.” Chi Zijian expressed her view, full of reverence and expectation. Literature Should Be Popularized With its Root in Our Cultural Tradition Chi Zijian recalled that she came across an old couple on the train in 2000- a man with dementia and his wife. They were going to the man’s work place by train so as to prove that he was still alive with his handprint and should draw pension. Chi Zijian felt sympathy for him. When she went to the London Book Fair, Chi Zijian was not accessible to UK with her handprint taken in Beijing. "In fact, this kind of barrier existed around the world, which is not peculiar to our country." It's all very well if my works are known by more people, but it’s not rational to follow others to please the public. At the University of Iowa, Chi Zijian and Liu Heng watched many movies in different countries, but many topics of those movies were about gay, which made Chi Zijian convinced that the phenomenon to follow suit did exist. Chi Zijian believed that it's all very well if one’s works were known by more people in terms of personalized literature writing, but the work couldn’t stand without the soul of our land and nation. When I was young, I thought that the world was as big as the Arctic village. Then I grew up and went to many places around the world, and found that the world was large. However, I came to be aware that my life was only around the Arctic village after I had visited more places."   In this era of globalization, each artist needs to harbor his broader vision, tolerance and courage, more important to embrace humanistic care. Therefore, his or her work should be popularized. But only with its root in our cultural tradition and by following our own heart and cherishing sunlight and shadow, fertile and barren land under our foot can the literature last long. In order to acquire scriptures and preach his religion, Xuan Zang embarked his own Journey to the west. But for the literature, everyone should develop his or her own writing style. “I do not know whether my experience inspires any one of you. I went to a lot of places, and saw mountains and rivers from the Greater Khingan Range. I know there is no end to literature journey. It’s a long journey with twists and turns as well as magnificence and brilliance."

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Qiming Star—Yingru Li:Keeping Exploring on Scientific Research

November 17,2016

A senior student, Yingru Li, devotes most of his time in the lab and the live lectures. In the past three years, a student from the class of 2013 of the school of computing, Yingru Li, submitted an original paper about social network of the field of computing as the first writer in the 31th International Artificial Intelligence top meeting (AAAI-17). He won the first place and most potential prize of the Software Definition National (SDN). He won the bronze prize of the PAC Concurrent Computation Competition in 2015. And he attended the research project in Cornell University under the scholarship in the summer of 2015, during which he visited the Turing Award Winner—John Hopcroft.  Challenge and Break-through Ever since the second semester of his sophomore year, under the guidance of professor Kun He, Yingru Li started to prepare for an original research which mainly studies the complex social network, the bio network and so on. This project is also a cooperative project with Cornell University. During the project, the idea they put forward that the supposing opinion has imperfection and randomness, so in the last, they found enough evidence to prove their idea after 100 long-term experiments of Facebook social accounts. When they have been studying it for a year and a half, he published his paper on the 31th International Artificial Intelligence top meeting (AAAI-17). And before that, there were judges from another competition thought differently on his paper because his idea was new, so they failed to accept it. But after that, based on the judges’ comment, he made a few changes of his paper after having several discussions with his professor, thus finding better method and better opportunity. He remembers clearly that there was a time when he had to keep doing his work in the lab till late into the night, sometimes he is even locked by the school janitor.  “We have tried many methods for this project, we have done thousands of experiments of different data.” Li also admitted, “ Failures are also a common part of doing research, but sometimes we need strong faith and it doesn’t mean stubbornness.” For this boy who is always trying new things instead of imitating others, he meets challenges all the time. In the winter holiday of 2016, he attended the Mathematics Modeling Contest. In the four-day competition, Li and his teammates analyzed problems, put forward new ideas, build models and did experiment over the computer around a chosen theme, and finally they got a conclusion and chart. At last, they turned it into an English paper. In order to finish this 20-page paper, he stayed up all night. Not long ago, the scientific research internship in the Microsoft Research Asia has brought him great challenge: To make some pure theoretical demonstration. Li has many thoughts after the summer internship, he used 2 weeks just to think of how to get the conclusion, and he found many logical mistakes when he was writing the paper. “During that time, I was always reflecting on this issue, if some idea occurs me at 2 AM or 3 AM, I would get up immediately to write it down.” And the feeling of having the idea gave him great pleasure. Transformation and Improvement From the Unique Studio to the lab, Li experienced huge transformation of his life. When he was in his first two years of college, he was always doing research in the Unique Studio. But during the summer of 2014, Li attended the Software Definition National (SDN) with his teammates. As the youngest competitor of it, he has achieved amazing success. Soon after that, he attended the PAC Concurrent Computation Competition in 2015. All the discussion and cooperation during all the competitions have helped him a lot on the way of his success in the field of scientific research. One must choose a path that is more suitable for oneself during the practices over time. So when he was attending the SDN competition, a non-major problem—“Automatic identification of the types of Internet attacking through the detection of network flow” has brought him to a new world—machine learning. As a result, he started learning the relating knowledge and found it very useful in the basic thesis learning, thus picking up his interests in the basic subjects again. At the same time, his idea has experienced a total change. He said: “There are two words in the economics, one is called silent cost, the other is called opportunity cost. I didn’t know whether I am making the right decision, but when I decide, I prefer not to take in the past that has no influence on the future, instead, I think of the present and the future.” After some thinking about how to balance, Li decided that he wanted to leave more of his leisure time to the lab. Ever since the first semester of his second year of college, he has become the assistance of Professor Kun He in the work studio of John Hopcroft on the ninth floor of the Management Innovation Institute. This job is vital for him to turn the theories he learnt into practice. Maybe the days in the lab is very boring, but it is the common status of doing scientific research. Li said with a smile that he was trying to find the new things and interesting phenomenon in the experiments, and then try to understand them by using the knowledge he learnt. This is a photo with 2 Turning Award winners and the members of Cornell University project. In the front row is Professor Kun He, the second to the left is Le.  “Learning from others is a great way to improve ourselves.” Li thinks that all the teachers and professors that has given him guidance, and all kinds of his schoolmates have many things that he can learn from. During the research communication in Cornell University, he realized that different people that come from different backgrounds have different thinking patterns. And all the knowledge is somehow connected. So he has gained a lot through simple discussion and communications with others. He formed a diversified thinking pattern instead of focusing too much on the rights and wrongs.  “Focusing on scientific research” is a common sentence people say, but there are not many people that really understand it. As for the name of “Star of scientific research”, Li said calmly, “This name is a recognition of my former work. I don’t know how far I can walk down this road, but I am quite enjoying solving problems along the research.” Fun and dull are both very important along the road, and Li must live with both of these. “This job is fun, but sometimes it is also boring, even though I do not know how far I can walk down this road, I hope I can finish what I started.”

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