What's Happening

What's Happening

Prof. Richard B. Freeman of Harvard Honored as HUST Advisory Professor

March 10,2017

In the morning of February 22nd, Harvard Prof. Richard B. Freeman was honored as the Advisory Professor of HUST. The HUST Vice President Ms. Zhan Yiqing issued the certificate. Prof. Richard B.Freeman currently is the American national academician of arts and sciences and meanwhile he is also Herbert Ascherman Professor of Economics, Harvard University. The vice dean of HUST School of Economics, Prof.Ouyang Hongbing, made a brief introduction of the academic achievements of Prof. Freeman on economy and related subjects. Zhan Yiqing extended warm welcome to Prof. Freeman for his joining HUST. She pointed out that HUST School of Economics had held a long cooperation with Harvard University. As an internationally-recognized economist, Prof. Freeman’s participation is of great significance to the development of School of Economics. After the meeting, Prof. Freeman lectured on the Economics Forum for the Memory of Prof. Zhang Peigang. He shared his understanding about the patent booming phenomenon appeared in China and worldwide. It indicated that China is welcoming her age of invention and creation.  Prof. Freeman is expected to explore further cooperation with HUST in the fields of Labor Economics and Creation and Patent Application.          

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Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) Progress in Papers

March 02,2017

It’s reported that totally 17 papers first authored or corresponding authored by researchers of the Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics have been published on Nature, Science, Cell, and other world-recognized journals from 2010to 2016.Among the papers 4 were published in Science, 2 in Nature Photonics, and 7 in Nature Communications. All these papers have been cited 1995 times by SCI in total with the highest single paper citation as 780 times and per thesis average citation 117.35 times. Four papers, namely “Efficient and stable large-area perovskite solar cells with inorganic charge extraction layers” (Professor Chen Wei as the first author) and “A hole-conductor-free, fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell with high stability” (Professor Han Hongwei as the corresponding author) in Science, “Thin-film Sb2Se3 photovoltaics with oriented one-dimensional ribbons and benign grain boundaries” (Professor Tang Jiang as the corresponding author) in Nature Photonics, and “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing” (Professor Wang Jian as first author and correspondent) in Nature Photonics, have been selected as the ESI Highly cited papers. Meanwhile, the past several years have witnessed a significant increase in the published paper growth rates on OE and OL.Totally 531papers have been published in these two journals from 2009 to 2016. The quantities of papers on OE and OL authored by WNLO researchers have grown rapidly with each passing year (see the upper chart). Compared with world-known optical institutions, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics comes out top in papers quantities, growth rates and cited times on OE and OL. Note: all data came from the Web of Science database, and the citing deadline was February 15, 2017. ESI highly cited papers refer to the SCI papers published in the past 10 years within the world's top 1% cited times in the corresponding disciplines

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Prof. Huang Bo Unveils New Mechanism for Regulating TSC Metabolism

February 28,2017

Researches on tumor metabolism are hot issues, but now many researches focused on the grade and heterogeneity of tumor and the researches about the metabolism of tumor stem cell (TSC) are very limited. On 6th February, a study about the metabolism of TSC done by Prof. Huang Bo’s research team of School of Basic Medicine of HUST was published online in the journal Oncogene. Luo Shunqun and Li Yong, two PhD candidates at HUST, are co-first authors of this study. In the article named Downregulation of PCK2 remodels tricarboxylic acid cycle in tumor-repopulating cells of melanoma, the team took the tumor-repopulating cells (TRCs) selected by culturing single cancer cells within fibrin gels as the model of TSC research (Nature Materials. 2012 Jul 1; 11(8): 734–741.) and explored the impact of the metabolic pathway of tumor cells on the growth and self-renewal of tumor-repopulating cells. By comparing the metabolic properties of TRCs and differentiated tumor cells, the team found the downregulation of mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK2) in TRCs of melanoma and proved that PCK2 downregulation remodels tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) in TRCs of melanoma. By building a balance between glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation and TCA cycle, PCK2 downregulation promotes the growth of TRCs and maintains the properties of stem cells. The research also unveiled that the expression of PCK2 is closely related to the life expectancy of cancer patients. As an important metabolic property of TRCs in melanoma, PCK2 is expected to be used as a new target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Oncogene is a world-renowned journal published by the Nature Publishing Group (NPG), covering all aspects of the structure and function of oncogenes. It received a 2015 impact factor of 7.932. More About the article: http://www.nature.com/onc/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/onc2016520a.html    

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Prof. Gao Yihua’s Team Advances in the Research of Supercapacitor

February 27,2017

On January 23rd, the latest research achievement of Prof. Gao Yihua’s team, entitled Highly Stretchable and Self-Healable Supercapacitor with Reduced Graphene Oxide Based Fiber Springs, was published online on ACS Nano, a prestigious journal of the American Chemical Society. Prof. Gao was hired both by Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics and School of Physics. The PhD candidate Wang Siliang is the first author of this paper, Prof. Gao is the corresponding author and Associate Professor Liu Nishuang is the co-corresponding author. In large-scale applications of portable and wearable electronic devices in recent years, high-performance supercapacitors are important energy supply sources. However, since the reliability and stability of supercapacitors are generally destroyed by mechanical deformation and damage during practical applications, the stretchability and self-healability must be exploited for the supercapacitors. To date, many stretchable supercapacitors have been fabricated by creating wavy electrode materials on polymeric substrates, coating active materials on textiles, and wrapping conductive materials on elastic polymeric fibers. These above supercapacitors with mechanical robustness are made by a similar method of depositing electrode materials onto a stretchable substrate. However, the additional substrate adds weight and volume and consequently lowers the performance of the devices and makes further integration inconvenient. Furthermore, the stretchability and complex shape change are severely limited by the confined deformation of the underlying substrate. Here, Prof. Gao’s team developed intrinsically stretchable material structures and electrodes without additional substrates though numerous experiments and trials. By wrapping fiber springs with a self-healing polymer outer shell, a stretchable and self-healable supercapacitor is successfully realized. As is shown in the research, the supercapacitor has 82.4% capacitance retention after a large stretch (100%), and 54.2% capacitance retention after the third healing. Then the stretchable and self- healable supercapacitor was used to drive a photodetector of perovskite nanowires. After healing, the on/off ratio only had a slight decay, which demonstrated the good restoration of the supercapacitor’s function. The successful preparation of stretchable and self-healable super- capacitors may provide a way to design and fabricate multifunctional supercapacitors and other next-generation multifunctional electronics devices, even a solution to expand the lifetime of future stretchable electronics devices, meeting the requirement of sustainability. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11374110, 11674113, 51371085, 11304106, and 11204093).  Link:http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsnano.6b08262

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HUST in Local Medias

February 23,2017

On January 31th, HBTV reported the story of foreign experts and international students of WNLO by a program named Striving in 2017: Spending Spring Festival in Optical Valley. In the Digital PET Imaging Lab of WNLO, Prof.Valery V Tuchin from Russia was testing the reliability of a new chip with his team. His chip technology has broken the best international clinical record of digital PET’s accuracy of testing cancer cells and improved it from 4.5mm to 2.2mm. The products of digital PET technology had been put into clinical application, which has broken the monopoly of enterprises in the USA, Germany and Netherlands. It is the second Chinese New Year that Professor Valery spent in Hubei province. Moteng Tagne Patrickm, an international student majoring in optical communication, was also very busy with research and development in Spring Festival. He enjoyed the atmosphere in Optical Valley and believed that he would succeed in his career there. On February 6th, Hubei News reported the story of Huagong Genuine Optics Co.,Ltd in a sub column named “Deepening Supply-side Structural Reform, Focusing on Developing Projects and Endeavoring to be a New Growth Pole”. All the production lines were running at full capacity to produce fiber optic modem when Spring Festival still hasn’t come to an end.Tian Wen, the automation engineer said they were developing an intelligent fusion gateway and the box in charge of the internet, fiber optic and television would be designed altogether. According to their estimation, it can realize volume production in 2018. On the Same day, Hubei News also reported the story of Professor Chen Changqing’s story “Breaking International Monopoly in Ultraviolet LED” Ultraviolet LED can make ultraviolet light which imitates sunshine, and the technology was monopolized by foreign countries for a long time. It is Professor Chen Changqing who makes Hubei Province take the lead internationally in that area from the scratch. In 2012, he made his own team with the help of 3551 Optics Valley Talent Program. After improving American technology, he developed the basic materials of Ultraviolet LED with proprietary intellectual property rights. Professor Chen’s team had developed almost 20 patents in seven years, and improve the power of the products to 20 W/c㎡. Now, they had built cooperation with many enterprises, such as Sichuan Changhong Electric Co.,Ltd., YOFC Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company, PSA Peugeot Citroen Group and so on. In December, 2016, Professor Chen Changqing was listed in the second batch of Wuhan’s City Partners, which means the green card of his career. (The photo is originated from Hubei News report)  

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HUST President’s View on Wuhan Development Strategy

February 21,2017

  “The idea of building Wuhan into a ‘university city’, a ‘youth city’ and ‘innovation city’ is the right decision because Wuhan has the advantages to do this.” said President Ding Lieyun from Huazhong University of Science and Technology on an interview with the reporters from Changjiang Daily recently.  According to President Ding, hosting around one million college students, Wuhan is highly identified as a city of higher education and scientific research. There must be at least one college student in every ten people, which makes Wuhan a perfect city to be named the “university city” and the “youth city”.  By building the “dream city” and the “innovation city”, millions of young college students would choose to work in Wuhan. College students, with higher education, are the people to make difference, so we must keep these talents and help them develop. They are the new force of the future of Wuhan.  Point 1: The industry adjustment needs more talents.   “Wuhan has many advantages to attract and host the talents.” said Mr. Ding, the city is advantage in lower living expense, less start-up capital, and what’ s more important, a good storage of college students. These explain why so many big companies set up their incubators here.  Comparing with those old industry bases as Shenyang and Changchun, Wuhan has successfully finish her industry structure upgrade. Today photoelectron, biological pharmacy and other newly developed industries flushed into the city, which is also a great incentive to talent attraction.  Ding analyzed the characteristics of college students in Wuhan. He thinks that the college students here are very responsible for their jobs, they would not easily change their jobs. “This is also an advantage of Wuhan because being innovative is a spontaneous thing, you shouldn’t give up at half way, if you did, then you won’t succeed.”  Point 2: Build a new Zhongguancun in Wuhan  The innovation and entrepreneurship policies in Wuhan are very good. The Gold 10 Rules issued by the municipality has casted positive impact on the transformation of scientific and technological achievements both for college students and the scholars.  Besides, scale and brand development are important to the innovation and venture bases. Local government should provide professional service and build a good entrepreneurship culture and atmosphere so we can build our local “Zhongguancun”. Taking HUST as an example: now a 180,000㎡ innovation and entrepreneurship base is under busy construction, which will provide a series of professional services including venture capital, science and technology broker, lawyer service, accounting service, patent filing, company registration and so on. “We really hope to develop the base into a base like Stanford University, which can provide great many of innovation and entrepreneurship talents for the optical valley area.”  Ding suggested that talent incubation is equal important. We should encourage more people to be makers, help the makers to achieve their goal, only by doing these things can we build a professional integrated chain of entrepreneurship service circle.  Building a national science center in Wuhan is also part of Ding’s strategy. He thought that the national science center is an agglomeration of scientific infrastructures and a gather of high-quality talents, which will have a long-term influence on the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship culture, thus attracting more college graduates to stay in Wuhan to form a benign circulation.  Recently, besides WNLO, there are another two major fundamental scientific research projects under construction in HUST, one is the strong pulse magnetic project and the other one is the precision gravity survey project. Once put into use, they can provide job positions for a lot of people and they can also help the talents-relating entrepreneurships to develop.        

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Nature Communications Published the Research Results of Professor Dong Jianji’s Team

February 20,2017

 On February 9th, Nature Communications published the cooperative research results co-authored by Prof. Dong Jianji of Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic of HUST, Dr. Ding Yunhong and Prof. Asger Mortensen of Technical University of Denmark (Danmarks Tekniske Universitet). The title of the paper is Slow-light-enhanced energy efficiency for graphene microheaters on silicon photonic crystal waveguides.  In the “Internet plus” era, everyone is enjoying the unprecedented convenient life brought by the flourish of information industry, including high-speed 4G/5G network, various mobile applications, smart homes, unmanned vehicles, etc. All of these supreme technology products, without exception, depend on high performance data processing and core transmission devices behind them. Most of the traditional core devices take electronics as the carrier of information. However, the “electronic bottleneck” makes it more and more difficult for traditional devices to satisfy the increased social requirements of high bandwidth and low energy consumption data transmission and processing. Considering that the optical signal has the properties of super speed, wide belt and low energy, which makes integrated photonic devices the best substitutes of traditional electronic ones. In order to ensure the flexibility and plasticity of integrated photonic devices, integrated photonic waveguides are always overlaid with nanometer heaters made of metal materials. By making use of their refractive index sensitivity to temperature (thermo-optic effect), the electrodes could play a regulatory function on them. However, due to the great light-absorption loss introduced by the metal, there must be a thick isolation layer of oxide between metallic heaters and photonic waveguides in the practical application, inevitably impeding heat transport to the goal waveguides efficiently. As a result of it, it directly causes high energy consumption and low speed within milliseconds in the tuning process. All of these factors have seriously restricted the further development and application of integrated photonic devices.  Researchers from Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic of HUST and Technical University of Denmark believed that the combination of graphene and slow light effect is an efficient approach to solve this problem after their long-term practice and exploration of tuning of integrated photonic waveguides. As a popular word in recent years, grapheme has become the focus of science and industry owing to many unique physical properties. Made of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb-like six-angle lattice, grapheme is a kind of two-dimensional special material with only one atom thickness. Therefore, it has many physical properties that other regular materials do not have. For example, it is almost transparent, with the light absorption of only 2.3%; its thermal conductivity is as high as 5,300 W/m·K. It can be concluded that grapheme is one of the best materials with high thermal conductivity so far. These two unique properties could make grapheme the best alternative to traditional metallic heaters. Compared to traditional heaters, the use of grapheme as a heating material in close contact to the photonic waveguides can significantly avoid the light absorption loss of grapheme and heat loss of the oxide layer due to grapheme’s low light absorption rate. Meanwhile, high thermal conductivity means that it can transmit the heat to the waveguides at an extremely high speed, greatly increased the tuning efficiency. The clever twist here is that, by adding the grapheme on the photonic crystal waveguide with special band structure upgrading from the traditional waveguide, the performance of grapheme heater can be improved significantly, as shown in figure 2 and figure 3. The reason is that the speed of light in the photonic crystal waveguide is 30 times slower than it in a vacuum, which results in more efficient heating length of optical signal and lower energy consumption of tuning. Based on the above theoretical support, Prof. Dong Jianji of Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronic, Dr. Ding Yunhong of Technical University of Denmark and Prof. Asger Mortensen carried out a cooperative research and designed the slow-light-enhanced graphene microheater. The test results showed that (see figure 4), the thermal tuning efficiency of the slow-light-enhanced graphene microheater is up to 1.07 nm·mW-1, nearly twice higher than traditional devices. The energy consumption during the 360°phase shift is only 3.99 mW, lower than most traditional metallic heaters. The switch speed of the optical signal is only 550 ns, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the fastest reported tuning speed for nanometer heaters. Moreover, the corresponding figure of merit of the device is 2.543 2.543 nW·s, which is 30 times better than results reported in previous studies. So it is considered as the best nano heater with comprehensive merit. Considering the widely required applications of nano microheaters in the photonic integrated circuits in the future, there exist many challenges in energy consumption and tuning speed. The result of the research presents promising applications in many functional photonic devices, such as integrated phased array radars, optical arbitrary waveform generator and other important communication and state defense devices.         The achievement was published in the international top comprehensive journal Nature Communications on February 9th, 2017. The PhD candidate Yan Siqi is the first author and Prof. Dong Jianji and Ding Yunhong are co-corresponding authors. The project was supported by the Chinese Outstanding Youth Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 61622502), Danish Independent Research Fund (DFF-1337−00152 & DFF-1335−00771) and Danish National Research Foundation (Project DNRF103).        

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The 6th Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize

December 05,2016

On November 19th, the award ceremony of the 6th Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize and the 2016 China’s Economic Development Forum were held in Beijing. 9 scholars with 5 works won the prize. Since its initiation in 2006, the Peigang Zhang Development Economics Excellence Achievement Prize has been awarded to a large number of scholars including Lin Yifu, Tan Chongtai, Wu Jinglian, Zhang Jun, Li Yining and Zhang Shuguang who have made great contributions to the development of economics, which has produced fine social influence and become one of the major awards in China’s economic circles. The 2016 China’s Economic Development Forum was held at the same time. The participating experts and scholars have further and deepen discussion on the topic of Crossing the “middle income trap”: the innovative development of China’s economy during the 13th Five-year plan period. The academic reports have been given in succession by renowned scholars Chen Xiwen, Zhang Shuguang, Li Shi, Ba Shusong, Li Yang, Zhang Jianhua, Zhou Liqun, Yang Ruilong, Huang Qunhui, Shi Qinghua, Long Xiaoning, Hu Biliang, Li Zuojun, Wang Xiaoqin, Zhang Ping, Yu Miaojie, Du Yang, Zhang Xiaojing, Wu Yanbing, Yang Chengyu and Qian Xuesong, who were from Chinese Academy of Social Science, Development Research Center of the State Council, Peking University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, Xiamen University and other research institutions.

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HUST Win Prizes in China Educational Robot Contest

November 25,2016

From 12th to 13th November, the national finals of The Sixth China Educational Robot Contest, 2016 were held in HUST. Two HUST teams took part in the contest of creative group and won the First Prize and Second Prize respectively. The entries of the teams are focused on housekeeping service robots for the group with mobility problems and underground parking track record system based on inertial navigation respectively. Initiated in 2011, China Educational Robot Contest was co-launched by Shenzhen CAS Open Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd, CAAI and Shenzhen Robotics Association, having been held successfully in many universities and colleges including Shenzhen University, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Hunan University and Southeast University etc. China Educational Robot Contest this year has attracted positive response and numerous participants involving 304 teams from nearly 100 universities and colleges from across the country, which breaks the record considering its scale of nearly 1,000 participants. The national finals of the Contest contain 13 major projects and 26 sections, covering wide range of students and plenty of fantastic items such as LEGO contest in primary school section and educational fire-fighting robot contest in secondary school section, as well as educational robot intelligent transportation contest and educational robot challenge competition in college section etc.    

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HUST Uncovers New Applications and Mechanism for Selenium

November 23,2016

On October 31st, the team led by Prof. Zhang Shengming in the Center for Advanced Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering at HUST published a paper online in the leading journal American Chemical Society Nano (ACS Nano). The paper is entitled In Vitro and In Vivo Mechanism of Bone Tumor Inhibition by Selenium-doped Bone Mineral Nanoparticles, which reveals the mechanism of bone tumor inhibition by selenium-doped hydroxyapatite (HA) biomaterials. Selenium is an essential microelement for human life (chemical symbol Se, which is abbreviated from the Greek word Selene and means “goddess of the moon”). Se deficiency may lead to Keshan disease, deformability osteoarthrosis and several kinds of tumors. Researches show that Se has good inhibition effects on kinds of tumors. After years of research, Prof. Zhang’s team has successfully embedded the selenium into a certain kind of bone regeneration material—the lattice of HA, thereby inventing selenium-doped HA biomaterials (Se-HA, Invention Patent, China, ZL201110127119.1). They found that Se-HA can not only inhibit osteosarcoma cells growth and promote mesenchymal stem cells proliferation, but also significantly improve the functions of human organization (Cover Story: Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2015, 4, 1813-1818). The new selenium-doped biomaterials have shown its important prospect in the field of regeneration and repair after malignant bone tumor resection. The new result published in ACS Nano (doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6bo3835) further demonstrated that after being internalized into tumor cells by nonspecific endocytosis, selenium-doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Se-HANs) could rapidly degrade in the acidic lysosome to release inorganic Se ions and induce the generation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Synergistically orchestrated with the ROS, tumor cells apoptosis activated by two selenium-induced, caspase-dependent apoptosis pathways. This project was completed in collaboration with the University of Oklahoma (USA), Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University and Zhejiang University. The PhD candidate Wang Yifan and Dr. Wang Jianglin are co-first authors of this paper. Prof. C. Mao at the University of Oklahoma and Prof. Zhang Shengming at our university are co-corresponding authors. HUST is the institute of the first author and the corresponding author. The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Interdisciplinary Innovation Team of HUST. 

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CIUC Holds 2016 Chinese Prizegiving in Christchurch

November 22,2016

On 17th November, the 2016 Annual Chinese Prizegiving of South Island New Zealand was held at St Margaret's College, Christchurch. More than 600 local people, including principals, teachers, prize winners and their families attended the ceremony. Distinguished guests present included Jimmy Chen, Christchurch City Councillor, Prof Jonathan Le Cocq, Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Arts at the University of Canterbury, Zhai Jianjun, Chinese Education Consul, Dr FUJiwei, National Chinese Language Adviser, and Delegation of Huazhong University of Science and Technology led by Professor XU Mingwu. The evening started with a lively Chinese folk dance performed by students from Merrin School and a welcome speech given by Gillian Simpson, the Principal of St Margaret’s College. Then the Councillor Jimmy Chen, Education Consul Zhai Jianjun and Dr Fujiwei also spoke to the audience. In Jimmy Chen’s speech, he gave a warm welcome to the HUST delegation. After that he highly commended the great achievement of CIUC in 2016 and congratulated all students who were awarded the prizes and encouraged them to continue learning Chinese. He also point out that the rapid development of Chinese teaching in New Zealand not only boost the bilateral relationships between the two countries, but also enhance the exchanges and cooperation in the area of education, culture, economy, science and technology. On behalf of the Consul General Jin Zhijian, the Educational Consul Zhai Jianjun stated in his speech that language learning is a bridge for culture exchanges. So far, around 150 schools in the South Island have started mandarin classes. The Chinese learners are booming towards to over 11,000.  Over 150 students from 56 schools in Christchurch were awarded prizes for outstanding achievement in their respective school’s Chinese programmes. 109 out of 1031 contestants won prizes for New Zealand National Chinese Calligraphy Competition. Last but not least, this year, 21 students were presented with prizes for high achievement in the YCT and HSK Examinations. In addition, the Confucius Classroom at Christchurch Boys’ High School won the 2016 Confucius Classroom of the Year due to their successful Chinese programme. During the Prizegiving, Tai Chi and Guzheng (a troditional Chinese instrument) Performance given by CIUC teachers was also very well received. The atmosphere of the Prizegiving ceremony was warm and encouraging. After the event, the awarded students took photos with guests to retain the memory of this wonderful experience. The prize winners expressed that they are all big fans of learning Chinese and winning the awards this year was a big encouragement for their future learning.                                                                                                         

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Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Steven Chu Visits HUST

November 21,2016

From 3rd to 4th November, Dr. Steven Chu, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, paid a visit to Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). On the morning of 3rd November, Dr. Chu attended the Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2016 (ACP2016), the 9th International Photonics and OptoElectronics Meetings (POEM2016), and the 13th International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM2016). The three conferences were all hosted by HUST and organized by Wuhan National Lab for Optoelectronics (WNLO). In the special session named Light the World, Dr. Chu delivered a report entitled How Optics Will Revolutionize the World, which drew enthusiastic responses. On the morning of 4th November, Dr. Chu and his wife, accompanied by Prof. Ding Lieyun, the president of HUST, visited WNLO. Prof. Luo Qingming, HUST vice-president, introduced HUST’s research on Brain conectome Atlas, and Prof. Han Hongwei from Photonics for Energy Division of WNLO delivered a report about Mesoscopic Solar Cells. After that, Dr. Chu delivered a lecture in School of Physics of HUST. Dr. Chu shared his life experience with teachers and students present from a point of view of a scientist. He introduced his family, a family of scholars, his learning experience at University of Rochester and University of California, Berkley, his work experience at the Bell Labs, Stanford University and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and his personal research in different periods of time. The hearty advice on personal growth of students and the honest sharing of perceptions of life ran through his whole lecture. After the lecture, Dr. Chu interacted with teachers and students present and answered their questions. Dr. Chu told students that sharing and exchange were vital in learning physics, because when you taught others physics, you also learned something at the same time. And he said that devoting yourself to the thing that you were most interested in was very important too. Then, Dr. Chu visited the Center for Gravitational Experiments of School of Physics of HUST. Steven Chu is a professor at Stanford University with his research focusing on atomic physics and laser science. His pioneering research on the laser cooling and atoms trapping won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, along with his scientific colleagues Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Daniel Phillips. Dr. Chu served as the 12th U.S. Secretary of Energy from Jan. 2009 to Apr. 2013. 

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Chi Zijian: Journey to Literature Paradise

November 18,2016

The image of monk Xuan Zang in Journey to the West has rooted deeply in people's mind. Meanwhile, Xuan Zang, a movie directed by Huo Jianqi, depicted how the Tang monk Xuan Zang went to the Western Heaven to acquire scriptures. Like religion believers, each writer follows his or her journey to literature paradise. On 9th November, the famous writer Chi Zijian was invited by HUST to give Humanities Lectures on her journey to literature paradise. At the audiences’ anxious expectation, Chi Zijian finally appeared on the podium of Humanities Lecture at 7 p.m. Chi Zijian started her lecture by expressing her sincere gratitude to the host and our students. She said, “I have been to many universities, but I was particularly touched by your trust and hospitality”.                            The Snowy North Gave Birth to Inspiration Chi Zijian was born in one of China’s most northern villages in Greater Khingan Range– the Arctic village, where it snows half a year. "In November, the ground has been covered with ice and snow. Then we will sit around the fireplace for warmth, drinking tea and baking potato chips on the stove. Besides, I would like to join the adults, listening to the seniors telling strange tales.” Through her vivid description, we could experience that she cherished her memory as a child in her hometown. In Chi Zijian's view, it was these folk myths and legends that made the essence of novels, and those novels without such myths and legends were mostly like soft persimmons, which were sweet but could not be chewed. Her ancestors rushed to Northeast with these strange tales, which exerted a lasting influence and gave enlightenment on her literature works. There remained nomadic tribes of Oroqen and Ewenki living in Greater Khingan Range, “They believe in animism”. The local inherited strange tales and primitive religious worship of local ethnic groups made differences in Chi Zijian’s works. Chi Zijian said with a smile, “Perhaps as many people hold the historical materialism today, the strange tales are too absurd for them. However, this is one part of literature, which can be developed and add brilliance to my novels. " Strange tales made Chi Zijian’s works beyond our daily experience,“I always thought that the person who had left our world was only to go to another space, they communicated with us by other means. And it would be very interesting if science proved that the soul had weight." When it came to Chi Zijian's visit in 2000 to the former residence of Grieg, a Norway Composer, Chi Zijian affectionately hummed the melody. At that time, the host invited the pianists to play for them. She found that the door of the hall balcony would open its own from time to time when the pianists were playing. “It’s just like that Grieg wanted to listen to his own melody and pushed the door into the room from the balcony." This feeling inspired Chi Zijian and was recorded in her work, Rain at Dusk of Grieg Sea. “I am neither the descendant of a notable writer nor an eminent family”. These strange tales and local primitive religion was the cradle of the Chi Zijian’s works. Having Seen the Nature, She Came to Know How Desolate and Warm the World Is The landscape is magnificent in Greater Khingan Range. Sparsely populated, it is the paradise of flora and fauna. It is a long winter in Greater Khingan Range every year. No matter what extreme weather it was during every winter holiday, Chi Zijian would accompany her father climb to the hill and pull firewood with cart and snow sledge. Chi Zijian remembered it clearly, for it was a long and painful period. Spring in Greater Khingan Range is all over in the blink of an eye, when on the mountains blossom the wild azalea. “I would go to pick the wild azalea in spring, then went home and inserted these flowers in wine bottles, canned pork bottles and abandoned pig trough. I loved the flowers with fruit. At that time, there was a wood behind our primary school. I would slip away and into the wood to pick a pocket of fruits during each setting-up exercise in class break, which could last me one lesson.” Chi Zijian said with a warm smile as a little girl. Nature is changeable. Those picked flowers, which haven’t been appreciated by people, will always wither without awareness. “So is people’s life.” In her hometown, a coffin was arranged in in front of the door in each family. From her childish perspective, the coffin represented the funeral and mourning hall. It left a desolate and unforgettable impression on Chi Zijian’s childhood. "I knew very early that there was an end to life, and death was sometimes unexpected. When I was a child, my classmate passed away as a result of being injected with wrong medicine for dysentery. His death shaded my heart a lot." Indeed, sadness is never far away from us. However, Chi Zijian is constantly seeking for warmth. In her view, warmth comes naturally in her tragic works, White Snow’s Cemetery, Chi Zijian wrote about the scene when her father passed away. My mother looked at father’s closed eyes and forbore to shed her tears, “At that moment, I found that there was a red bean in my mother's eyes, and thought there was some problems in her eyes. Afterwards, she secretly went to the cemetery to search for a tomb without a monument. When my mother went back, she said, ‘When I came to your father's tomb, my heart beats a lot. I knew this was your father's tomb.’” Chi Zijian found that when her mother told her about it, the red bean in her eyes disappeared, as if her father had turned into a red bean and lingered on their home. At last, he leaved without worry until her mother had come to see him. At that time, Chi Zijian's eyes were full of tears. Perhaps it is a warm story, as for Chi Zijian, in fact, it’s desolate. Warmth comes only due to her tirelessly seek. “My father and my husband's early death made me sorrow. The wind, frost, rain and snow of nature just like the spring, summer, autumn and winter of life. In this land of my hometown, I have seen life and death, and then seen the spring. These dead plants would sprout in spring as usual." Female Is Not a Label "Some critics have always felt that my works are lack of female images, and I respect their opinions. However, I am skeptical about this kind of constructive criticism." Chi Zijian said with seriousness. Chi Zijian convinced that the relation between man and woman was like that between the sun and the moon, which is interdependent with each shining in the sky. “The biggest difference between man and woman is that women possess the most direct and distinct cognition towards life in the reproductive process. Therefore, woman may be more tolerant and love life." “I dislike that the writers are classified by their gender, for it is of arrogance and prejudice.” In Chi Zijian's view, these works with female images should be the natural expression of their emotions, rather than for their own label affixed to the female. But it requires women to have their own thought as well as freedom of the soul. Our society should also give our female more equal rights to develop as their male counterparts. Some female images in film and television works in recent years have deeply disappointed Chi Zijian, for more female became after money or fame and lost their own spirits. She felt sad and mourned for the female images in Yuan Drama, who were unyielding, noble and pure. In Sophie's Choice, Sophie could only choose to one of the children to survive in the Nazi concentration camps. “Many people thought that Sophie chose her son to survive for "male superiority to female", but from my perspective, it was because that, as a female, she knew that woman was more devoted. She wanted her daughter to be devoted as herself.” Chi Zijian expressed her view, full of reverence and expectation. Literature Should Be Popularized With its Root in Our Cultural Tradition Chi Zijian recalled that she came across an old couple on the train in 2000- a man with dementia and his wife. They were going to the man’s work place by train so as to prove that he was still alive with his handprint and should draw pension. Chi Zijian felt sympathy for him. When she went to the London Book Fair, Chi Zijian was not accessible to UK with her handprint taken in Beijing. "In fact, this kind of barrier existed around the world, which is not peculiar to our country." It's all very well if my works are known by more people, but it’s not rational to follow others to please the public. At the University of Iowa, Chi Zijian and Liu Heng watched many movies in different countries, but many topics of those movies were about gay, which made Chi Zijian convinced that the phenomenon to follow suit did exist. Chi Zijian believed that it's all very well if one’s works were known by more people in terms of personalized literature writing, but the work couldn’t stand without the soul of our land and nation. When I was young, I thought that the world was as big as the Arctic village. Then I grew up and went to many places around the world, and found that the world was large. However, I came to be aware that my life was only around the Arctic village after I had visited more places."   In this era of globalization, each artist needs to harbor his broader vision, tolerance and courage, more important to embrace humanistic care. Therefore, his or her work should be popularized. But only with its root in our cultural tradition and by following our own heart and cherishing sunlight and shadow, fertile and barren land under our foot can the literature last long. In order to acquire scriptures and preach his religion, Xuan Zang embarked his own Journey to the west. But for the literature, everyone should develop his or her own writing style. “I do not know whether my experience inspires any one of you. I went to a lot of places, and saw mountains and rivers from the Greater Khingan Range. I know there is no end to literature journey. It’s a long journey with twists and turns as well as magnificence and brilliance."

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Qiming Star—Yingru Li:Keeping Exploring on Scientific Research

November 17,2016

A senior student, Yingru Li, devotes most of his time in the lab and the live lectures. In the past three years, a student from the class of 2013 of the school of computing, Yingru Li, submitted an original paper about social network of the field of computing as the first writer in the 31th International Artificial Intelligence top meeting (AAAI-17). He won the first place and most potential prize of the Software Definition National (SDN). He won the bronze prize of the PAC Concurrent Computation Competition in 2015. And he attended the research project in Cornell University under the scholarship in the summer of 2015, during which he visited the Turing Award Winner—John Hopcroft.  Challenge and Break-through Ever since the second semester of his sophomore year, under the guidance of professor Kun He, Yingru Li started to prepare for an original research which mainly studies the complex social network, the bio network and so on. This project is also a cooperative project with Cornell University. During the project, the idea they put forward that the supposing opinion has imperfection and randomness, so in the last, they found enough evidence to prove their idea after 100 long-term experiments of Facebook social accounts. When they have been studying it for a year and a half, he published his paper on the 31th International Artificial Intelligence top meeting (AAAI-17). And before that, there were judges from another competition thought differently on his paper because his idea was new, so they failed to accept it. But after that, based on the judges’ comment, he made a few changes of his paper after having several discussions with his professor, thus finding better method and better opportunity. He remembers clearly that there was a time when he had to keep doing his work in the lab till late into the night, sometimes he is even locked by the school janitor.  “We have tried many methods for this project, we have done thousands of experiments of different data.” Li also admitted, “ Failures are also a common part of doing research, but sometimes we need strong faith and it doesn’t mean stubbornness.” For this boy who is always trying new things instead of imitating others, he meets challenges all the time. In the winter holiday of 2016, he attended the Mathematics Modeling Contest. In the four-day competition, Li and his teammates analyzed problems, put forward new ideas, build models and did experiment over the computer around a chosen theme, and finally they got a conclusion and chart. At last, they turned it into an English paper. In order to finish this 20-page paper, he stayed up all night. Not long ago, the scientific research internship in the Microsoft Research Asia has brought him great challenge: To make some pure theoretical demonstration. Li has many thoughts after the summer internship, he used 2 weeks just to think of how to get the conclusion, and he found many logical mistakes when he was writing the paper. “During that time, I was always reflecting on this issue, if some idea occurs me at 2 AM or 3 AM, I would get up immediately to write it down.” And the feeling of having the idea gave him great pleasure. Transformation and Improvement From the Unique Studio to the lab, Li experienced huge transformation of his life. When he was in his first two years of college, he was always doing research in the Unique Studio. But during the summer of 2014, Li attended the Software Definition National (SDN) with his teammates. As the youngest competitor of it, he has achieved amazing success. Soon after that, he attended the PAC Concurrent Computation Competition in 2015. All the discussion and cooperation during all the competitions have helped him a lot on the way of his success in the field of scientific research. One must choose a path that is more suitable for oneself during the practices over time. So when he was attending the SDN competition, a non-major problem—“Automatic identification of the types of Internet attacking through the detection of network flow” has brought him to a new world—machine learning. As a result, he started learning the relating knowledge and found it very useful in the basic thesis learning, thus picking up his interests in the basic subjects again. At the same time, his idea has experienced a total change. He said: “There are two words in the economics, one is called silent cost, the other is called opportunity cost. I didn’t know whether I am making the right decision, but when I decide, I prefer not to take in the past that has no influence on the future, instead, I think of the present and the future.” After some thinking about how to balance, Li decided that he wanted to leave more of his leisure time to the lab. Ever since the first semester of his second year of college, he has become the assistance of Professor Kun He in the work studio of John Hopcroft on the ninth floor of the Management Innovation Institute. This job is vital for him to turn the theories he learnt into practice. Maybe the days in the lab is very boring, but it is the common status of doing scientific research. Li said with a smile that he was trying to find the new things and interesting phenomenon in the experiments, and then try to understand them by using the knowledge he learnt. This is a photo with 2 Turning Award winners and the members of Cornell University project. In the front row is Professor Kun He, the second to the left is Le.  “Learning from others is a great way to improve ourselves.” Li thinks that all the teachers and professors that has given him guidance, and all kinds of his schoolmates have many things that he can learn from. During the research communication in Cornell University, he realized that different people that come from different backgrounds have different thinking patterns. And all the knowledge is somehow connected. So he has gained a lot through simple discussion and communications with others. He formed a diversified thinking pattern instead of focusing too much on the rights and wrongs.  “Focusing on scientific research” is a common sentence people say, but there are not many people that really understand it. As for the name of “Star of scientific research”, Li said calmly, “This name is a recognition of my former work. I don’t know how far I can walk down this road, but I am quite enjoying solving problems along the research.” Fun and dull are both very important along the road, and Li must live with both of these. “This job is fun, but sometimes it is also boring, even though I do not know how far I can walk down this road, I hope I can finish what I started.”

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Further Research Progress on the Two-dimensional Information Storage Materials

November 16,2016

The combination of semiconductor and ferroics (ferromagnetism, ferroelectricity, and ferroelasticity) can endow it with the function of nonvolatile memory. The magnetic and semiconducting properties of traditional semiconductors (such as Si, GaAs) can be combined by doping magnetic ions, while their Curie temperature can scarcely reach room temperature, and similar doping is even more difficult  for two-dimensional materials; ferroelectricity and ferroelasticity have more chance to survive at room temperature, but cannot be obtained through similar doping. On October 19th, nanoscience authoritative journal Nano Letters published online an research paper of Wu Menghao, a new professor of the School of Physics of HUST, as the first author and co-corresponding author, entitled “Ferroelectricity in Covalently functionalized Two-dimensional Materials: Integration of High-mobility Semiconductors and Nonvolatile Memory” - Other co-authors include professor Dong Shuai of the Southeast University, professor Yao Kailun of the School of Physics of HUST, professor Liu Junming of Nanjing University and professor Zeng Xiaocheng of the University of Nebraska, in which professor Liu Junming and professor Zeng Xiaocheng are the co-corresponding authors. Through first-principles calculations it is shown that the modification of some polar chemical groups on the surface can endow a series of non-ferroelectric systems with ferroelectricity with high Curie temperature. The non-ferroelectric systems include a series of well-known two-dimensional material like graphene, germanene and MoS2, or the (111) surface of silicon or III-V semiconductors, or silica surfaces used as the substrates of two-dimensional materials, and many of those systems have been synthesized in previous experiments. They can be directly integrated in the circuit based on the traditional semiconductors or two-dimensional materials, and are expected to combine the high-mobility of narrow band gap semiconductors with ferroics at room temperature, thus, a series of multifunctional heterojunction devices can be designed: two-dimensional ferroelectric field effect transistors with high on/off ratio, topological transistors with Dirac fermions tunable between electrons and holes, two dimensional ferroelectric or even multi-ferroic tunneling junctions, and so on, making both non-destructive reading and fast writing of  information possible. Hence, they possess important application value in the future multi-functional devices. Professor Wu Menghao joined in the Institute of Condensed Matter Physics at the end of 2014. Before then, he has studied in the University of Nebraska, the of Virginia Commonwealth University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States; he has been dedicated to the theoretical research on physical and chemical properties of the confined Nanosystem, and made a series of achievements in research attracting considerable domestic and international attention. This work was supported by the Talent Introduction Fund of Huazhong University of Science and Technology and the National Natural Science Foundation of china.

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【Internet Plus】JIMU: The Dedication and Pursuit of the Vehicle Networking

November 03,2016

It was a very rainy and windy night. Something with a “mouse” shape on the windshield of the car was shooting road conditions. With blurred vision, the driver did not notice an electric vehicle which came galloping towards his car. Just then, the "screen" in front of the driver reminded him to brake in time and luckily avoided a traffic accident. In fact, the “mouse” and the “screen” are the second-generation products of ADAS (Advanced Driving Auxiliary System) researched by the Wuhan JIMU Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd. which was established by the team of Cheng Jianwei, a Ph.D of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). Six years ago, a group of ambitious and creative young men met in HUST. They first found that ADAS represented the future development trend of automobile transportation in 2011, as Cheng Jianwei told us. First, it can effectively reduce the traffic accident rate; second, ADAS forms the basic technology of automatic driving in future. At present, there still exists no domestic company investing heavily in the R & D and marketing of ADAS system. Along with his classmates, he thus established the Wuhan JIMU Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd, running towards their dream with heart and soul. For the final——to Strive for Excellent Performance On October 12th, Cheng Jianwei and his team made their last rehearsal defense for the final presentation in a meeting room at the School of Economics, “Display within 8 minutes and 34 seconds”——the team member responsible for the timing would call time. The presentation in the final was the excellent works giving full expression to the devotion and coordination among the car networking team and their instructors in this period of time. On the eve of the final, teachers and students were still in exchanges and discussions so as to put forward proposals for further improvement. For example, some jarring color on the PPT photos was required to revise again and again. After winning the gold medal in the provincial match, the whole team, entitled to compete in the national championship, regarded the competition as its core task during that period. They started to prepare for the final in September and had not yet been at ease until the eve of the contest. Because there were some formats and writing skills in the original proposal not applicable to the game, the whole team unanimously decided to rewrite the plan. From September 8th to 15th, they fulfill this task within just one week. Luo Yiyang the liason person pointed out that, “As the game is quite different from the actual operation, the competition effect to be presented to the judges must beyond our own satisfaction and expectation.” “The highlight of the whole rewritten plan rested on the enhancement of logic, for we modified the proposal from the overall to details and then to the special. Thus, the choice of words in each title and logical conjunctions in the content should be taken into full consideration.” In the course of rewriting plan, Luo Yiyang was mainly responsible for assembling the material and submitting it to the School of Economics, and then the two sides discussed and rectified. “We are in pursuit of efficiency. The division of labor between the School of Optical and Electronic Information and the School of Economics had been conducted well all along.We Optoelectronics provided the material and then the material was edited into the form of competition proposal by the School of Economics. According to the assignment, we offered summary and feedback on what we had done regularly and on time. The pleasant cooperation between our partners and us enabled everyone to play its own role and ensured the completion of the plan in such urgent time.” Three Days and Nights­——Craze and Passion for the Final The few days before the game, the whole team overwhelmed by the heavy task worked round the clock. “The PPT is discussed and rectified by our team everyday”. However, the worst case was still to come when they were participating in the final with full confidence. On the day of the contest, the JIMU team was the seventh to defend their proposal. After the grades came out, their team turned out to rank No.3 among their group. After them, there were five teams to make their defense, including a competitive team. However, only the first three teams would be awarded the gold medal. Luo Yiyang recalled: "I believed that our team had performed well enough at that time and expected that there was no team to surpass us by over 1point. The result beyond our expectation disappointed us. We are anxious that the scores of the latter teams would exceed us and a miracle could only be created in the resurrection competition. So nervous we are!” Later, their team was waiting for the final rankings, and until they knew that the score of the last team was not as good as that of their team, they finally breathed a sigh of relief “That morning, although we just made a defense, but all people felt so tired, possibly only for our heart exhausted." Luo Yiyang recalled. According to Luo Yiyang, the entire team began to struggle hard from July to August: At 11:30 pm on the previous night, a frequently flash by the message icon on screen of the smartphone informs us of our tomorrow’ s task; Then at 8:00 am on the next day, all team members soon get into the groove. “We only slept 4 or 5 hours every day with enthusiasm.”  Each day, from the morning into the midnight, witnessed a new and moving record created by them. The Innovative Spirit of Husters——Dedication to Technology A majority of the car networking team members are graduates who have been in HUST for seven or eight years. Among them, the youngest also have attended HUST for over five years,the philosophy of innovation has been part of their life. The team once gave their self-evaluation as tough and practical. The dedicated and practical quality of science and engineering and the lofty ideals and firm belief for scientific research served as a staunch spirit force for the technology-oriented team. Therefore, they settle down to work on technology rather than endeavor to catch the public eyes. They introduced their products in a calm and thorough manner during their defense while sat quietly in front of their desk in their office in everyday life. The placid and gentle demeanor of each player and the serious and solemn look on the group photo can best explain their team spirit. “We achieved steady growth with resolution, which not only represents our determination for the game, but also the commitment to a bright prospect of our firm. That spirit was involved in the whole process from the establishment of our enterprise to the launch of our products. ”Cheng Jianwei said in an interview over the company's name as "JIMU”——As a line of Chairman Mao“ A overlook up to the sky of Chu broadens my vision and enhances my ambition”. It signifies that camera can reach far and displays the ultimate pursuit of technology. With regards to the two listed products, namely “JIMU Qixing” and “JIMU Zhixing”, Cheng Jianwei said confidently and firmly, “Our products occupy a leading place for its specialization, a better cost control as well as superior user experience in the domestic enterprises.” JIMU——to Ensure Safe Transportation with an Intellectual Eye ADAS system enjoys a broad prospect of development in China. Cheng Weijian believes that it will increasingly take a larger market share. Eventually it will evolve from a "post installation" to the "front one" and then to the automatic driving. "We are working together to protect the human beings from less traffic casualties," he explained the core concept of their entrepreneurial project. For Six years, the entrepreneurial team, which attaches great importance to technology, was challenged by technical breakthrough tremendously. With the extensive application of ADAS, it will be transformed into the data center of the car networking, facilitating them to achieve the goal of automatic driving, and finally realize the social value - sharing security and common convenience. For the next step, the inspection accuracy is crucial to the product exploration. Then the reduce of the cost. Cheng Jianwei said that the smartphone industry boomed with the fertile soil of business model in the Internet era of innovation on data. It is valuable to attract our eyes in the future. Therefore, we will promote instead of demoting the development of mobile phone clients in order to further enhance the users’ experience and communication. All those things will make more people benefit from the intellectual transportation and safe transportation.

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UTS Delegation Visited HUST for Further Cooperation

November 02,2016

On October 21st, Professor Glenn Wightwick, the vice-president of University of Technology, Sydney(UTS), visited HUST. HUST vice-president Prof. Chen Jianguo met the delegation. The past few years has witnessed a steady development of bilateral cooperation between HUST and UTS. Both sides have built several important research platforms including Sino-Australian Cyber-Physical Authentic Identification United Center, HUST-UTS Mobile Communication Research Center. On this basis, 71 papers have been published jointly and five Ph.D candidates received co-supervision. In his reception words, Vice President Chen Jianguo suggested that both sides should deepen and widen the current cooperation to a comprehensive and closer relationship. Vice President Prof.Glenn Wightwick also introduced the latest development in teaching and researching of UTS. He proposed that both sides to combine each other’s advantages, strengthen for the further cooperation in double-degree Ph.D programs. Leaders in charge of School of Electronics and Information Engineering, School of Management and International Division Department, Graduate School attended the reception.  

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【Internet Plus】Closing of the 2nd China College Students’ “Internet Plus” Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition

October 28,2016

From October 13th to 15th, the 2nd China College Students’ “Internet Plus” Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition was held in HUST. More than 1,200 undergraduates, over 100 educators, entrepreneurs and investors gathered here. The competition produced the champion, 1st runner-up and 2nd runner-up ,together with 36 Gold Award teams, 115 Silver Award teams and 4 Single Award teams. The awarding ceremony and closing ceremony were held in the Optics Vally Gymnasium on October 15th. Mr. Chen Baosheng, the minister of MoE, representing the organizing committee of the Competition, issued Appreciation Certificate to HUST and China Construction Bank (sponsor). The ceremony also announced the establishment of Chinese Universities Innovation and Entrepreneurship Industrial Investment Fund. Mr. Wang Zuji, president of China Construction Bank, remarked that he felt honored to be invited to the Competition and hoped that Chinese college students could make persistent efforts to achieve their innovation and entrepreneurship ambitions. 12 projects have signed letter of intention on investment cooperation with investment agencies. HUST President Ding Lieyun remarked that the Competition promoted the close integration of education, research, production and application, provided a more accurate docking platform for investors and college students’ projects and drove the continuous deepening development of innovation and entrepreneurship education in universities.   China Vice-premier Ms. Liu Yandong visited HUST and attended the relevant activities. Mr. Guo Shenglian, vice governor of Hubei province, handed the flag over to the next organizer Mr. Zhuang Changxing, vice-governor of Shaanxi province.   

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Tongji Hospital Sino-France New City Branch Established

October 24,2016

On Oct. 8 a.m., a medical rescue helicopter landed on the parking apron of Tongji Hospital (HUST) Sino-France New City Branch, carrying a seriously injured patient in a traffic accident from Xianning to Wuhan. This event means that Tongji Hospital (the headquarter), together with its two branch hospitals, has built up an air rescue network in Wuhan, central China. Earlier at around 5 a.m., patients from nearby suburbs and other surrounding districts of Wuhan flooded into the new Branch. Mrs. Xu, a seven-month pregnant from suburd district, said with happiness, “I can see doctors from Tongji Hospital without traveling across the city now.” Ms. Wu, a wheel-chaired paralytic patient, took a picture of the new hospital with her sister. “Eventually the Tongji Hospital Branch becomes our neighbor, we don’t have to run to Hankou for medical treatment any more.” On the open day, the outpatient quantity was 4607 person-times; 273 people were hospitalized; 16 surgeries were operated. Tongji Hospital has 8 national key disciplines and 30 national clinical priority specialties. It hosts around 60 senior professors and 600 famous experts.The president of Tongji Hospital says, “Our experts will always follow the patient wherever he is. As the national medical team, Tongji Hospital serves as an important pillar for Wuhan to build a national-level medical center and an ecological livable city. Together with the east Branch of Optics Valley and the west Branch of Health Valley, the three Branches will jointly contribute to the overall strategic layout of Wuhan.”         

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Aumni Back for "My AlmaMater, My Home"

October 21,2016

During the National Day Holiday, over 1800 HUST alumni came back to attend the activity of “My AlmaMater, My Home” designed for the homecoming week. The young and old alumni wearing the same souvenir T-shirt and the same souvenir badge became a special view of the campus. Some leaders, scholars, department deans and teachers have also been invited. The sight of them wearing the souvenir T-shirt has Old classmates came together, visiting the old labs and classrooms, recalling the good old days and talking with then supervisors and mentors. 85’graduate students from School of Mechanical Science and Engineering had a great talk with each other after 30 years of departure; 82’ alumni from School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering enjoyed a special performance by the staff chorus; 92’alumni from School of Pharmacy organized a homecoming conversazione for their 20th graduation anniversary which was very moving; the class of 1986 from School of Optical and Electronic Information came back to their old laboratory to re-experience the fun of conducting experiments. A forum was organized by around 90 alumni of 1987 to 2007 from the same school expressed their appreciation to their mentor Professor  Huang Dexiu who is in his 80s now. It is reported that the homecoming event have been successfully organized for 8 years since 2009. It has been greatly supported by all schools .Over ten thousand alumni have taken part in it.

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Eight College Basketball Teams Compete for the Championship

October 20,2016

The 1st Elite College Basketball Championship, conducted from 28th September to 3rd October, was held in Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Eight basketball teams from eight elite colleges competed for the championship. These colleges are Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xiamen University, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Harbin Institute of Technology and Huazhong University of Science and Technology. After five days’ fierce competition, the men’s basketball team of Xiamen University won the championship, while Peking University was the runner-up and Shanghai Jiao Tong University took the third place. And the other five universities won the prize for excellence in basketball playing.      

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【Internet Plus】College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Exhibition Ended

October 19,2016

Being a part of the national finals of the 2nd China College Students’ “Internet Plus” Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition, the exhibition of National College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship was held in West No.12 Teaching Building during October13rd and 15th. The exhibition included all the entries of the competitors for the competition of the “Internet Plus”, the exhibition of the works of National College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship in each province and consultations for related policies, etc. On the morning of the October 13rd, after the defense for the competition of gold award, the Mo Chou Travel Assistant Group, which came from Macao Polytechnic Institute, went to the first floor for a visit under the lead of professor Deng, the guidance counselor. “Although there has been communications between the two universities, they still found that there are many differences between the mainland and Macao,” said professor Deng, “for example, Google is popular as a research engine in Macao, but not in the Mainland”. The mainland groups have impressed them with advanced technology, which enable them to have a more direct experience about college student innovation and entrepreneurship in the Mainland. Many students would go straight to the display panels concerned with their hometowns. Qiu Tongting, who came from Shaanxi Province, was no exception. As the 14th grade student majoring in Sociology, she said, “people are trying to make some programs understandable, however, as a student of liberal arts, I still found it hard to understand”. When it comes to innovation and entrepreneurship, she expressed her own thoughts: “some fancy ideas always creep up in my mind, but none is mature or systematic. After looking at the outcomes in the display panel, it suddenly dawned on me that innovation stems from our fancy and trivial thoughts in our life”. The exhibition also attracted many international students. By 4 pm, October 15th, there were already hundreds of signatures on the signature wall. 

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Dress Up for Internet Plus

October 18,2016

Recently, HUST has well-decorated for the coming national finals of the 2nd China College Students’ “Internet Plus” Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition. Competitors across the country will gather here for the important national competition. At the Main South Gate, where lies the emotional sustenance of every HUSTer, a main publicity wall which is 3.5m high and  15m long as well as plenty of banners alongside the road is newly established. Also the campus sees promotional banners and posters publicizing Internet Plus Competition alongside the main streets, in addition to the mascot named Jiajia EVERYWHERE! A publicity wall of Internet Plus Competition is set in front of the library, embracing the competition and the era of Internet Plus. West No.12 Teaching Building, whose capacity reaches 18,000 people,  acquires a completely new outlook to welcome the event. The Optics Vally Gymnasium, the largest one in HUST, presents as the main venue of this competition. All security check channels and the arches over the gateway are put into place, preparing for the Internet Plus Competition.  The main entrance of the venue is well-decorated by the arches over the gateway, the thematic publicity walls, the three-dimensional logo and mascot as well as the innovation & entrepreneurship mentor wall. Set off by red walls and verdant trees, the scenery around History Museum appears to be more stunning.  

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Dr. Gil G. Mor Appointed as Guest Professor at HUST

October 17,2016

On November 26th Dr. Gil G. Mor, the chair of the Department of Reproductive Science at Yale University School of Medicine, was appointed as the Guest Professor of HUST. Prof. Chen Jianguo, HUST Vice President, attended the awarding ceremony and delivered the appointment letter. Prof. Liao Aihua, the director of the Family Planning Research Institute of Tongji Medical College (HUST), introduced the professional achievements of Dr. Gil G. Mor in the field of immunology and reproductive medicine. Dr. Gil G. Mor expressed his appreciation for the invitation from HUST and his happiness to be appointed as guest professor of HUST. He also hoped to make efforts to promote the exchange and cooperation between the two universities . Prof. Chen Jianguo pointed out in his words that the cooperation with Dr. Gil G. Mor  would be significant to the development of the research on reproduction and immunology. HUST now is endeavor to develop itself to a first-rate university and the visit of Dr. Gil G. Mor would lay out a good foundation for the bilateral cooperation with HUST and Yale in relative research fields. After the ceremony, Dr. Gil G. Mor deliverd a three-day course named Reproduction and Immunity to students and teachers of Tongji Medical College of HUST. Dr. Gil G. Mor, chair of the Department of Reproductive Science at Yale School of Medicine, is a renowned professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Science at Yale School of Medicine. At Yale University, he serves as Director of the Reproductive Immunology Unit and the Translational Research Program, Discovery to Cure DTC. The programs organized by him are supported by National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Cancer Institute (NCI) and many pharmaceutical companies. He has more than 300 publications about immunology and reproductive medicine in international journals, such as NEIM, Science and PNAS. And he was elected as the editor of two books on Immunology of Pregnancy and Apoptosis and Cancer. Holding nine patents, Dr. Mor achieved remarkable academic success in the field of immunology and reproductive medicine. He was awarded the J. Christian Herr Award and AJRI Award by the American Society for Reproductive Immunology in 2007 and 2012 respectively.

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Sun Qiuyun: Sex Imbalance and Vietnam Brides in China

October 09,2016

At 7:00 pm on September 27th, Sun Qiuyun, Professor of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) as well as director of Chinese Sociological Association, was invited to give a lecture on the sex imbalance and the problems of Vietnam brides in China to HUST students.  “Demographically the sex balance is defined by the number of males per 100 females. According to the Sixth National Population Census, the male to female ratio of unmarried population who were born in 1980s was 136:100, and that of those who were born in 1970s reached 206:100,” said Sun Qiuyun in his lecture, in which he introduced the definition of sex ratio and revealed the shocking imbalance of the sex ratio in China through concrete data. Sun attributed the causes of the situation to the preference for sons, the birth control policy and the abortion of baby girls. He further predicted that the sex imbalance in China would grow deteriorate, which would provide an unexpected social foundation for the massive occurrence of Vietnam brides in China.  “In 2010, there were 47,000 registered Vietnam brides in China; while in 2011, according to the statistics provided by Guangxi Public Security Department, there were more than 65,000 unregistered Vietnam brides in China,” said Sun.In China’s mountainous areas, the Vietnam brides have lots of problems in their life, such as unregistered marriages (which is illegal in China), giving unscheduled births and weak risk-prevention capacity in marriage. Integrating into China and the family is the common pursuit of many Vietnam brides, although over 100,000 Vietnam brides cannot get the green card in five years after their marriages. Sun found that some local governments have already taken measures to solve the problem. For example, the Department of Civil Affairs of Hubei Province has published related laws, regulations and relevant provisions of mixed marriage and established “Home of Vietnamese”. But he stressed that as institutional barriers and sloth administration still exist, the process for Vietnam brides who have lived in China over five years to get green card is still hindered. Sun thinks that marriage is a basic demand for human beings. At present there are over 30 million males of marriageable age, Sun appeals to the government that to help Vietnam brides solve their problems.  

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Alumna Peng Jin Won the Student Patient Engagement Fellowship Prize

September 26,2016

On August 31st, Peng Jin, a doctoral student from the school of public health in Ohio State University, who graduated from clinical medicine major in Tongji Medical College of HUST in 2010, won the Student Patient Engagement Fellowship Prize awarded by the Society for Public Education. The Society for Public Health Education enjoyed a history of over sixty years; its members include over 4000 experts and students in health education field from 25 countries. The prize aims at commending and cultivating potential students, to help them with the research and practice in health education and behavioral science. Only one person can win it each year, and the rewards include: a scholarship of $2000, the association dues of the society for a year, registering in Global Assembly in 2017 for free and the opportunity to publish thesis on the periodical of the situation. The scholarship would support Peng Jin’s doctoral research: the cooperation of child patients suffered cerebral trauma toward follow-up visits. The research had already got the subsidy of $72409 from the Public Security EMS (Emergency Medical Service) Project of the Ohio state government. Peng Jin is now the candidate of the epidemiology doctor degree of the School of Public Health in Ohio State University. She had already got the master degree of biostatistics in Ohio State University in 2013 and in the same year, she became Professor Xiang Huiyun’s student to learn injury epidemiology in the medial school of that university. Peng Jin showed her thankfulness to Professor Xiang Huiyun in her acceptance speech, she said her achievement was closely related to his guidance. “I will keep endeavoring in the future to make better achievement, and become the pride of both Professor Xiang and Tongji Medical College of HUST.” Peng Jin said.    

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The First Confucius Classroom Opened in the South Otago Region of the South Island, New Zealand

September 23,2016

The Confucius Institute at the University of Canterbury opened a Confucius Classroom at South Otago High School, in the South Otago region on Monday 19 September. The opening ceremony was held in the SOHS school auditorium. People present included the Mayor of Clutha District Bryan Cadogan, the Chinese Consul-General to Christchurch JIN Zhijian, the Director of Schools at the Ministry of Education Julie Anderson, the Principal of South Otago High School Mike Wright and the Director of CIUC Adam Lam. More than 400 people attended, including principals, staff and students from local schools. The guests were first welcomed by the school’s kapa haka group with a special powhiri and traditional performance. After that, South Otago principal Mike Wright gave a welcome speech, saying that the opening of the Confucius Classroom was a step forward in the collaboration between CIUC and SOHS for promoting Chinese language learning and awareness of Chinese culture in the wider community of the Clutha district. He said that, in addition to English and Maori, students can now choose Mandarin as a second language which is an invaluable opportunity for their future. Consul-General JIN Zhijian described the benefits of learning Mandarin in his speech: “China has now become the largest trading partner of New Zealand, the largest source of overseas students as well as the second largest tourist group; therefore, by learning Mandarin, you can gain an advantage for your future career development.” He also added that it was more than just about learning the language and culture, as there was also an opportunity to help encourage people-to-people exchanges between the two countries. CIUC Director Adam Lam said that the level of Chinese learning was an impressive achievement that for a small town of 4,000 residents. CIUC bases three volunteer teachers in the region and all the local schools have initiated a Chinese programme. He also expressed his hope that in the future students have the opportunity to tour China and help NZ to establish a prosperous future by helping in the development of greater economic and trade relationships between the two countries. The Mayor Bryan Cadogan congratulated on the opening of the Confucius Classroom. He said that the Clutha District has become a multi-cultural community and Clutha and Shanghai have already collaborated in the farming industry, which shows the importance of learning Chinese and understanding the Chinese culture. At the end of his speech, he stressed that the world is a bigger place now and that the younger generation should be prepared and concluded his speech with “Don’t be left behind!” After the VIP speeches, two students from Rosebank Primary School shared their Chinese learning experience with the audience. Despite the fact that they have studied Chinese for just over one year, their good pronunciation and fluency in Chinese impressed the audience. Liam Whitmore, a graduate from SOHS attended the ceremony and said he was excited to see that more and more young children now have the opportunity to learn Mandarin. He participated in the “Chinese Cultural Camp” in 2015 and after that he was fortunate in receiving a CI scholarship which enabled him to study Chinese for one semester at the Huazhong University of Science and Technology. His dream now is to go back to China to study music at a Chinese university. As part of the celebration, SOHS held various cultural activities for the local students to experience a taste of Chinese culture. Students took part in a kung fu class and studied a traditional Chinese dance; they also learnt how to cook dumplings with dipping sauce and how to use chopsticks as well as trying other Chinese arts and crafts. The Confucius Classroom at South Otago High School is the first Confucius Classroom in the South Otago region and the seventh opened by the Confucius Institute at the University of Canterbury.    

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Turing Award Winner and HUST Class-Teaching

September 21,2016

  Turing Award Winner Became Our Teacher On August 31th, the third day of the new term, students in ACM2015 class of the School of Computer Science and Technology met a big surprise: Professor John Hopcroft would teach them discrete mathematics in English. They stared at the teacher and listened to him carefully. The winner of the Turing Award in 1986 and the John Von Neumann Award in 2010, the IBM professor of Engineering Applied Mathematics in Department of Computer Science of Cornell University, the academician of AAS (American Academy of Science), NAE (National Academy of Engineering) and American Academy of Arts and Sciences), the Fellow of AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers), ACM (Association of Computing Machinery) and Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics…Such a long series of honors and titles all showed that John Hopcroft was an outstanding computer scientist. Coming cross him could make students feel lucky enough, let alone being taught by him. Being quite different from the contemporary common teaching pattern, John Hopcroft never uses PPT, instead, he keeps writing on the blackboard. Filling the blackboard with handwriting formulas and then erasing it, he repeated it once and once again, combining the knowledge with latest situation of the industry, and conveyed them to students clearly and concisely. The sagacious old professor in his seventies already has hoary hair, but he was hale and hearty. Although autumn was coming, after 90-minute-teaching, the old professor’s shirt was soaked by sweat. However, he kept standing without drinking water. He Kun, another professor in School of Computer Science and technology who sat in the classroom had to remind him of the class break every time. No students check their cell phones in Professor John’s class since they cherish every minute spending with him. They all concentrate on listening and taking notes. “The content of his class was usually abundant.” Qin Ruyu, a student in that class said, “He never repeats what the book says, instead, he pays attention to divergent thinking. So, the class was more interesting than before and I could learn more.” She was happy about the different experience brought by the different style. “It is interesting. Also, I think it doesn’t matter that he teaches in English since we can all understand him.”  “Professor Hopcroft was experienced in teaching and was prestigious in the industry. The students were lucky to take his classes and we had many things to learn from him.” Another teacher of discrete mathematics, Deputy Professor Hua Qiangsheng took that class with students together and he said he had benefited a lot. “He tends to let students think independently and arouse their learning interests. Then, students need to spend more time and energy on it after class.” Students will have that class twice a week for four weeks, so that they still have enough time to explore the world of discrete mathematics with Professor Hopcroft together. “See you next week!” When the class was over, he winked with a smile. It is sure that next week, he will still prepare many questions for the students to think. Leaving the classroom doesn’t mean that the class comes to an end, to reach the target of the class; they still have a long way to go. For undergraduates in China, the opportunity of being taught by world-class scientist was quite precious. To make full use of it, they need to preview and review the lessons carefully; maybe, they will also have a pile of relevant thesis to read. Huang Junjun and his Puzzle to Japanese Teaching Is the target for Japanese lessons only to teach students speak in Japanese? How to twist the language teaching with history, politics, culture and even social philosophy? Huang Junjun is a young teacher in Japanese major who had just begin his teaching career this year. After taking two classes, he started to think a question: “Is our ultimate target teaching students speaking Japanese?” She collected the question from and brought it to the first seminar about preparing for classes on the afternoon of September 5th .She hoped to collect other teachers’ opinions. In the seminar, Chen Ling who was in charge of “The Politics and Diplomacy in Japan”, said that according to her introduction, she usually widens the students’ horizons by current affairs. Also, the assignments in her class are abundant, including topic designing, discussing in groups and making reports. “The teacher must be a good guider, to help the students confirm their standpoints and analyze historical events from different perspectives. Zeng Cheng had just come back from the Japanese center of Japan Foundation, having too many feelings and opinions to share. He suggested some breakthroughs in the teaching of The Traditional Aesthetics and Art in Japan. “Can we make language learning a natural process while completing the teaching plans?” Zeng Cheng asked. In his eye, Japanese culture is filled with treasures such as Zen, tea ceremony and Ukiyoe, etc. He urged to teach the students how to explore them.  “In the evening, a guard was taking shelter of the rain under the Rashomon (referred to the city gate). There was no one except him. But there was a cricket, crouching on a big column, with peeling red paint on it…” In Wang Jinghua’s class, a cricket appeared in the beginning of the novel Rashomon could lead you to a imagining world. She did hope that she could be a leader, helping students start conversations with the authors and characters in their works, then, they could enjoy literature. Deputy Professor Wang Runmei was the teacher of Japanese History, she used Long Yingtai, a famous writer in Taiwan’s metaphor, to describe history is the blossoming of a rose in desert. “Although you can’t see results at a glance while learning history, but its most charming part is actually the slow blooming process.” Wang Runmei advocates cultivating students’ right understanding of history and world view. In her opinion, young students have the responsibility to know Japan’s past and understand its present situation. “Meanwhile, they should think more about the developing trend of Sino-Japanese relations and the developing patterns of both two countries, then, they will have new understandings about the peace and development in East Asia. Deputy Professor Lu Huiling suggested that they can use bilingual textbooks according to different terms and students’ different learning levels, and then the students will find independent learning more convenient. Professor Wang Qiuhua advised the teachers to recommend relevant books to students in accordance with different learning periods to widen their horizons. “As for the freshmen who know little about Japanese, we could recommend books written in Chinese. Never let the frustrating language learning deprives the students of their interests.” Her words were enlightening for other teachers: “Language is just a tool; it’s a part of culture, and we need to include cultural improvements in our curriculums. The target of teaching reform is to transform language from a tool into a researching object, to reach a higher level. Also, we should make Japanese culture and social consciousness into our researching objects. Although he may never get the standard answer of his question, Huang Junjun has already got many new inspirations. He kept discussing with his colleagues while waiting for the elevator to leave. In the future, such discussions may happen many times, and become a necessity of his teaching career. In recent years husters feel quite proud of the classes they have taken since they were taught by a series of super stars: the winner of Turing Award, academicians, young Young Overseas High-level Talents Introduction Plan scholars, Chang Jiang Scholars…The young students live in brilliant brain storms every day.These are part of the HUST Teaching Reform project, which aiming to improve the quality and efficiency of class-teaching for students of all levels.  

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Prof. Viswanathan Kumar Honored as HUST Advisory Professor

September 20,2016

In the afternoon of Sep. 8th, Prof. Viswanathan Kumar from the Business School of Georgia State University was honored as HUST Advisory Professor in the meeting room 411 of College of Management. HUST Vice President Prof. Chen Jianguo attended the awarding ceremony. Prof. Chen Jianguo pointed out that the rapid development of Chinese market for management and business would attract more talent people here. He expressed his appreciation to Professor Kumar for his support to HUST College of Management. Prof. Yang Zhi the Vice Director of Schoolof Management, introduced Professor Kumar’s work as a Changjiang Scholar, prasing the latter for his contribution to talents training, discipline construction and international communication. Professor Viswanathan Kumar said that he has learned very much after becoming a Chair Professor of Changjiang Scholar in HUST, and was very honored to be hired as a advisory professor. Viswanathan Kumar’s profile: Viswanathan Kumar is from the Business School of Georgia State University, and he is the outstanding chair professor of “Richard and Susan Leini”; director of the center of brand and customer management; doctoral supervisor. He is the Top Five Scholars in the field of marketing all over the world (AMA Doc Sig, 2012), and the vice president of The American Academic Committee of Marketing Science; the editor-in-chief of the top journal, Journal of Marketing and subeditor of 12 other international authorative journals. What is more, his salary of 700,000 dollar a year becomes the highest in the US. In the recent ten years, he has published more than 40 papers in top journals of business and management (U.T. Dallas 24), thus keeping the record of most published papers in the top four marketing journals. He is the only scholar to receive the all eight Lifetime Achievement Award of marketing in America. His book Customer Relationship Management: Theory, Model and Tool is the most popular textbook about customer relationship management used in American business schools, it has published more than 100,000 copies and the book has been translated into five languages. Professor Kumar has offered service for world-class enterprises like Coco Cola, P&G, AT&T and so on, his “CLV” (Customer Lifetime Value) model and software are now the most popular customer relationship management software which created the value of more than 10,000,000,000 dollar. Professor Kumar was hired as a HUST Chair Professor of Changjiang Scholar in 2014.  

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Jin Yinan: The South China Sea Issue Relates to the National Overall Development Strategy

September 19,2016

In the past, the threats to national security were mainly from the land, but now they were from the sea, and therefore, the South China Sea issue was an issue related to the national overall development strategy, said Prof. Jin Yinan, the PLA Major General in his lecture entitled The South China Sea Issue and China’s Sea Power . Prof. Jin Yinan clarified the impact of the South China Sea issue to China and the international community from three aspects in his lecture for the HUST 2125th Humanities Lecture on September 11 . Firstly, the economic centers of China were highly concentrated in the coastal regions, as well as the human resources and the market. Meanwhile, the national economy had undergone the transition from internal economic cycle to external economic cycle, and the import and export trade had played a significant role. It was no doubt that the South China Sea was strategically important for China, because almost 85% of China’s import and export trade was inseparable from the sea lanes of the South China Sea. Hence a set of actions should be taken in the future. China should defend its position in the expanding space for economic activities and protect its maritime transport corridors and overseas assets. China should preserve its overseas resource market and product market and guarantee the safety of the overseas citizens and labor. And China should maintain its maritime rights and interests. Secondly, the fundamental conflict over the South China Sea issue was the competition among countries and regions for maritime resources. Thus in the process of solving the South China Sea issue, China must establish a modern theory of sea power. Sea power was a state’s right to dominate the ocean, which included not only the total or partial control of the sea areas by navy forces but also the management of maritime commerce and ocean shipping industry. Previously China’s understanding of the ocean was embodied in the old saying “Live off food from the sea and take advantages of offshore navigation“, which suggested a lack of awareness of the importance of the ocean in general. In fact, the ocean could be a corridor toward the world, a major channel for economy and trade, a mass point of military strategy, and a brand-new strategic space. Fortunately, now China was gradually comprehending, absorbing and practicing the modern theory of sea power. Thirdly, China was committed to the path of peaceful development on the South China Sea issue, but China would neither give up its legitimate rights and interests nor sacrifice its national interests. Prof. Jin YInan said the next twenty years was the pivotal period to determine whether China could stand in the list of developed countries. Whether China could achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation or not depended on its ability to seize the opportunity and to overcome the challenge. Only when China run its affairs well and develop its country well can it be in an impregnable position in the world. And this is the political and economic environment for solving the South China Sea issue properly. Prof. Ouyang Kang, the director of the National University Student Cultural Quality Education Base of HUST, hosted the lecture and summarized the points. He said that there were three changes that affected the South China Sea issue, and they were the change of the global pattern, the change of the importance of ocean in economic development and the change of China. He said if China could handle these changes, China could not only realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation but also play a greater role on the world stage.  

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HUST Student Won First Prize of Ocean Engineering Designing Competition

September 18,2016

On September 3rd, the 6th Ocean Engineering Designing Competition hosted by the Teaching Instruction Commission of the Ocean Engineering Major of the Ministry of Education for Top Universities was held in Tianjin University. 21 participating works from 15 Universities such as HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tianjin University and Ocean University of China and so on have been competing fiercely. At last, the team from Ocean Engineering College of HUST won the first prize, which is also the highest honor of this competition. The instructor of the winning team is Mr. Sun Jianglong from the Ocean Engineering College, and the team members are 3 senior students from the same college -- Benxiao Huang, Chaolong Ma and Cheng Zhong. The entry that took the crown is called “Resistance Numerical Atlas and Propeller Design Software Design ”. This digitizes many kinds of propeller atlas and resistance atlas, which is able to solve the problem of low efficiency of manual searching during the traditional progress of forecasting resistance and designing propeller; at the same time, it highly integrates the designing process of the propeller, and then, after being inserted into the 2D and 3D software, this can also help to choose the best propeller and to build up the propeller model at the same time, setting a solid foundation for latter scientific research and manufacturing work. Today, this design has already finished the data measurement and improvement of selecting models of the Sunbird Company’s fold-line yacht to achieve the commercialization of the software. 

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China National International Joint Research Center of Green Communications and Networks established in HUST

September 14,2016

The inaugural meeting of China National International Joint Research Center of Green Communications and Network (CNIJRCGCN) was held in Huazhong University of Science & Technology (HUST) on August 30. China National International Joint Research Center of Green Communications and Networking was an international Scientific & Technological cooperation base at the national level, which was authorized by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China in October, 2015. Attached to HUST, the center aims to focus on the efficiency of the new generation broadband mobile communication system and to cooperate with research institutions, colleges and universities in UK, Germany, France, US, Australia and other countries and regions in related fields. In the process of cooperation, it commits to establish a board, stable, long-acting and win-win cooperation mechanism and to develop a great organization and management ability for international cooperation. By establishing cooperative research mechanism and persisting in the independent innovation (Introduction, Absorption, and then Innovation), CNIJRCGCN aims at playing a supporting role in the implementation of the National High-tech and Key technologies R&D Programs and improving China’s international status and influence in the field of information and communication. In the future, IJRCGCN will fully take the second-mover advantage of Information Technology to promote comprehensive development in economy, technology and culture of Hubei Province and to enrich international cooperation in science and technology in central region. Academician Zhao Zisen delivered a speech about the establishment of China International Joint Research Center for Green Communications and Networking. He introduced the necessity of researching on Green Communications by describing the existing energy problems, and then suggested CNIJRCGCN to promote international cooperation with outstanding foreign research institutions and to develop the ability to hold big international conferences. Finally, Academician Zhao expressed his sincere wish that CNIJRCGCN could make great achievements in the field of Green Communications and play an important role in promoting the national undertaking of energy conservation and emission reduction. After the speech, Vice President Mr. Liang Qian announced the list of the members of the Academic Committee and Consultative Committee of CNIJRCGCN, and awarded them the letter of appointment. Prof. Niu Zhisheng of Tsinghua University, Prof. Ge Xiaohu and Prof.Chen Min of HUST, delivered their academic reports about Green Communications respectively and exchanged their ideas with other scholars. Du Yun the deputy Director-General of the Department of Science and Technology of Hubei Province and Mr. Liang Qian the vice president of HUST, attended the meeting.  

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Progress in New Type of Fuel-cell electrocatalysts by Wang Deli Group

September 07,2016

On June 23rd, the latest research achievement in School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering led by Prof. Wang Deli entitled “Spontaneous incorporation of gold in palladium-based ternary nanoparticles makes durable electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction” was published on Nature Communications. Developing high energy battery is one of the main solutions to address the crisis of fossil energy. The electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) largely determines the efficiency of fuel cells. Though platinum (Pt) has been considered as the best catalytic material by now, its high cost and limited reserve hinder the widespread deployment. Therefore, to lower the cost and enhance the stability of the catalytic material become the primary research object at present. Prof. Wang’s team develops palladium-based ternary nanocatalysts via replacing Pt by palladium (Pd), which resulted in a significant improvement for the ORR catalytic activity; moreover, the spontaneous incorporation of Au with the catalytic material effectively improved the stability. The stabilizing effect of Au on the Pd6CoCu/C nanoparticles was further evaluated by PEMFC. This study provides a new strategy for optimizing the stability of fuel-cell catalyst which would accelerate its commercialization and industrialization. Since joined in HUST at the beginning of 2013, Prof. Wang has been selected as member of the 5th National 1000-Young-Talent Program and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of the Ministry of Education, dedicated to teaching and scientific research, and established the research group –“Advanced Electrochemical Energy and  Environmental Materials Laborotory”, which mainly focuses on the preparation and application of the nano-sized advanced electrochemical energy materials, the application of the biologic materials as resource and the in-depth oxidation wastewater treatment technologies. By now, Prof. Wang’s team had published more than 20 SCI papers with HUST as the institute of the first author/ corresponding author, among which, four were published on Nano Letters and ACS Nano. Their research were supported by the National 1000-Young-Talent Program of China, the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of the Ministry of Education, National Natural Science Foundation of Chinaand HUST.

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Prof. Mu Yangling’s Team Uncovers New Mechanism for Control of Memory by the Brain Reward System

September 02,2016

On August 30th, the team led by Prof. Mu Yangling in the Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medicine, published a paper online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).  The paper is entitled Dopaminergic Inputs in the Dentate Gyrus Direct the Choice of Memory Encoding, which introduces their recent research progress on how the brain reward system controls hippocampus-dependent memory. Prof. Mu is corresponding author of this paper.  The PhD candidate Du Huiyun is first author.  The master students Ge Minyan and Song Huina are co-authors.  HUST is the institute of the first author and the corresponding author.  Prof. Mu’s group has collaborated with co-corresponding author Prof. Fred H. Gage and his team at the Salk Institute, USA. The VTA is widely implicated in reward circuitry of the brain, in that stimuli with rewarding effect often promote the discharge of dopaminergic neurons in this region and consequently an instantaneous release of dopamine from the synaptic terminals.  The increase of dopamine normally associated with positive emotions has been well known to regulate various forms of learning and memory (e.g. stimulus-response association learning, reinforcement learning and working memory etc.).  However, it remains elusive how dopamine can influence the so called episodic memory that relies on the hippocampal formation.  Utilizing a combination of optogenetics, in vivo and in vitro electrophysiological techniques as well as behavioral tests, Prof. Mu’s team explored the role of dopamine in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus and the underlying mechanisms.  By controlling electrical activities of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA with the optogenetic tool to mimic reward-induced dopamine release, they found that dopamine signals induced a long-term depression of cortical inputs to the dentate gyrus and diminished theta oscillations in this area.  In subsequent behavioral experiments, preexposure to a natural reward suppressed hippocampus-dependent memory formation, with an effective time window consistent with the duration of dopamine-induced changes of dentate activity.  This result indicates that dopamine in the dentate gyrus may impair postreward learning and reduce the interference of subsequent events, thereby allowing the preferential encoding of information received before reward into memory.  Overall, this study offers a new thought for studying regulation of hippocampus-dependent memory by dopamine. This project was supported by the National 1000-Young-Talent Program of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant 91332106 and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Huazhong University of Science and Technology Grant 2014TS059).  This research presents another crucial breakthrough made by Prof. Mu in her study on neural mechanisms of learning and memory since her former paper published in ELife in October, 2015.

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Painting Chinese Philosophy on the Cover of GEOLOGY

September 01,2016

Duan Hewei, a graduate student from the School of Humanities in HUST enjoys drawing in her spare time. On July 25th, her artwork, Yin and Yang Philosophy in Mass Extinction and Recovery was accepted as the cover of the August issue of Geology, a famous international geologic journal. It’s the first time for Geology to choose a hand-painted picture instead of the photos of geological landscapes in the past 43 years. According to Duan Hewei, she was enlightened by the mutual transformation and constraint theory of Yin and Yang in traditional Chinese philosophy. The cover she painted showed the magnificent circulation of catastrophe and recovery because of the interaction between the orbits of the earth and Mars in Triassic Period. The artwork not only attracted the editors of Geology, but was highly praised by Linda Hinnov, a professor from George Mason University in the U.S. as well. She said the picture was really a marvelous one. Duan Hewai majors in literary theory, besides her professional study, she kept learning art. Last year, she published two articles[1] in Arts Power and designed the poster of the academic lecture “Atmosphere, Ocean and Geosciences” in George Mason University. According to her, different professional fields like science, humanities and arts seemed to be far from each other, but they were actually connected closely. Such an understanding was also her original motivation of painting that picture. “Also, I want to make my own contribution to popularizing Chinese culture, to offer convenience for people to know more about it.” She said. [1] The two articles are The beauty of the Rivers and Lakes in Wuhan and Environment Protection: The Key Point of Making Wuhan a Better City

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School of Aerospace Engineering of HUST Launched Comprehensive Cooperation with Gatech

August 31,2016

On August 8th to August 15th, Prof. Vigor Yang, chair of the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering of the Georgia Institute of Technology (GaTech AE), member of the National Academy of Engineering of USA, together with Prof. Lakshmi N Sankar (associate chair for undergraduate programs) and Jechiel Jagoda (associate chair for graduate programs), paid a visit to the School of Aerospace Engineering of HUST (HUST AE). Both sides had a broad discussion on the bilateral cooperation and signed the HUST AE- GaTech AE education cooperation agreement. On the meeting between the two schools, Prof. Yan Youwei from HUST AE introduced the establishment, progress and mission of HUST AE. He suggested that HUST AE was ready to learn from and carry out substantial international cooperation with Gatech in educational philosophy, curriculum system, talent training mode of Gatech so as to produce aerospace engineering elites with global visions according to international standards. Prof. Li Renfu of HUST AE introduced the tentative content and implementation of the international cooperation between HUST AE and GaTech. Through friendly negotiations, it is agreed that the international cooperation will be carried out in five aspects including the “ 2+2” joint program for undergraduates, “3+2” program (one-year undergraduate exchange plus one-year graduate program), summer camps for undergraduates, faculty exchange and joint programs for doctoral students. Prof. Vigor Yang indicated that both HUST and GaTech were strong at science and engineering and that HUST was an academically-strong university in China with pragmatic styles and great potential in the development of science and engineering subjects. He said GaTech had a plan for establishing a global cooperative federation in aerospace engineering at present and that HUST was their priority in China. He suggested that GaTech was ready to get involved in international cooperation with HUST in hope that substantial breakthrough will be achieved next year as GaTech embraces its centenary so as to better serve the responsibility shared by the two universities of rearing aerospace engineering elites with leadership for the community President Ding Lieyun and Vice President Chen Jianguo met Prof. Vigor Yang and the rest. Dr. Ding extended his welcome and gratitude for GaTech’s support for HUST AE. He pointed out that the education cooperation between the two aerospace engineering schools in HUST and GaTech had profound implication and will be greatly supported. He hoped that the cooperation would be carried out to be a model in international education cooperation as well as setting an example of going global for relevant subjects and schools of HUST. 

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HUST Alumni Association of Sri Lanka Successfully Launched in Colombo

July 27,2016

On July 16, 2016, the Huazhong University of Science and Technology Alumni Association of Sri Lanka (HUST-AASL)- the first alumni association based on international alumni was successfully launched in Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. Nearly 70 past and current students of HUST gathered together to celebrate this big event. Academics of all circles, delegates from the Chinese embassy and the Chinese Cultural Centre in Sri Lankawere invited to attend the launching ceremony. Professor S.J.B.A Jayasekera, Chairman - Committee of Vice-Chancellors & Vice-Chancellor of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Professor M. Thilakasiri, Director General - Sri Lanka Institute of Development Administration (SLIDA), Dr. Priyantha Padmakumara, Ph.D., Secretary of the University Grants Commission, Mr. Yue Liwen, Director -China Culture Centeri n Sri Lanka and Dr. D. P.S. Chandrakumara, Dean- Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura graced the occasion. Professor Ding Lieyun, President of HUST & Academician of China Academy of Engineering sent a congratulatory letter through a three member delegation from HUST, comprising of Mr. Yu Hailin, Director - International Exchange Centre, Ms. Zhao Xiaofeng, Deputy Dean - School of International Education and Mr. Lan Hanghang, Program Officer - School of International Education, who attended the ceremony and celebrated the fabulous evening together with the alumni. The inaugural meeting was held where the constitution of the HUST AASL was incorporated and the executive committee and committee members were elected. Dr.Hiran Wimalaratne, MBBS MS (Orthopedics), a graduate of the 2012 batch of HUST from Union Hospital, and a Specialist in Orthopedic Surgery, Army Hospital, Colombo, was elected as the first President. Dr. M.M.D.R. Deegahawature Ph.D., a graduate of the 2014 batch of HUST, from the School of Management and head of Department of Industrial Management of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, was elected as the Secretary. Dr. T.K. Karandaketiya PhD, a graduate of the 2014 batch of HUST, from the School of Management and a senior lecturer of the Department of Business Management of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, was elected as the Treasurer. The inaugural meeting was held where the constitution of the HUST AASL was incorporated and the executive committee and committee members were elected. Dr.Hiran Wimalaratne, MBBS MS (Orthopedics), a graduate of the 2012 batch of HUST from Union Hospital, and a Specialist in Orthopedic Surgery, Army Hospital, Colombo, was elected as the first President. Dr. M.M.D.R. Deegahawature Ph.D., a graduate of the 2014 batch of HUST, from the School of Management and head of Department of Industrial Management of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, was elected as the Secretary. Dr. T.K. Karandaketiya PhD, a graduate of the 2014 batch of HUST, from the School of Management and a senior lecturer of the Department of Business Management of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, was elected as the Treasurer. Dr. Viasini De Silva PhD, a Graduate from the School of Management of HUST and a Senior lecturer at the Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Dr. Buddhika Ranaweera PhD, a graduate of the College of Public Administration of HUST and a senior lecturer at the Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Dr. Ranjan Mendis MBBS, a graduate of Tongji Medical College of HUST and an intern at Kalmunai general Hospital of Sri Lanka, Dr. Missaka Senanayake MBBS, a graduate of Tongji Medical College of HUST, Mr. Sagara Chandrasekara, Ph.D. candidate of the College of Public Administration of HUST and a lecturer of the Colombo University and Mr. D.D. Prabath Vitharana, a trainee of HUST & SLIDA and Head of Water Management Division, Department of Agricultural Development were elected as committee members. Dr. Hiran Wimalaratne, the first president of HUST- AASL, expressed his great honor and joy to be elected as the first president of the association. He said in his speech that China and HUST left many wonderful memories to her alumni, thus, with a great affection for China and the attachment to HUST, the alumni cooperated with absolute sincerity and worked together to set up the alumni association. In addition, He committed to extend continuous influence of HUST in Sri Lanka with great responsibility and to contribute his effort to promote development of HUST and enhance friendship betweenChinaandSri Lankathrough solid work.  Professor S.J.B.A Jayasekera, Vice-Chancellor of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, delivered an impassioned address. He appreciated it very much that HUST had nurtured a batch of high-level intellectuals for Universities, Health sector, Government administration and other organizations of Sri Lanka. Excellence of the products proved why HUST is amongst the best in China. He believed that Wayamba University of Sri Lanka will continue the friendship and enhance cooperation with HUST, to promote exchanges and cooperation in higher education between the two countries. Professor M. Thilakasiri, Director General of SLIDA, stated in his address that SLIDA and HUST are like hand in glove, interacted frequently and achieved fruitful results since both parties established cooperative relationship in 2013. Besides, he also said that SLIDA was happy to see that HUST has a growing influence inSri Lankaand was willing to provide corresponding support to HUST- AASL. He also suggested that all members of the association need to make their own contribution for the sustainability of the association.  Mr. Yue Liwen, Director of China Cultural Center in Sri Lanka, expressed appreciation for HUST attaching importance to exchanges and cooperation withSri Lankaand cultivating a group of successful Sri Lankan alumni. He mentioned that it was the first time that he had taken part in a foundation ceremony of a Chinese University alumni association in Sri Lanka, since the Chinese Cultural Center in Sri Lanka was established in 2014, and he felt much honored to be a part of it. He strongly hoped that China Cultural Center in Sri Lanka could enhance cooperation with HUST-AASL, make use of complementary advantages and jointly promote exchanges and cooperation in culture and the field of Education between the two countries.  Mr. Yu Hailin, Director of International Exchange, HUST read the congratulatory letter from Professor Ding Lieyun, President of HUST. Professor Ding Lieyun said in his letter that, “HUST Alumni Association of Sri Lanka” is the first international alumni association in the history of the university. It will be a land mark in the development of HUST. The foundation is of great significance, which not only reflects achievements of international education of HUST, but also will set a good example for the formation of alumni association in other countries. After the inauguration, all alumni under the leadership of the Executive Committee shall continuously enhance contact with other alumni, promote friendship, help each other and form a family atmosphere. Meanwhile, the alumni association shall assist the development of alumni individuals and become the bridge between all circles of Sri Lanka and HUST.”  Dr. Ranjan Mendis and Mr.Thivanka Wijesinghe, both good orators in Chinese language and English, did an excellent presentation about student life at HUST andChina. They elaborated on the wonderful experience and knowledge they gained at HUST and thanked HUST andChinafor what they have achieved.  Dr. T.K. Karandaketiya, Treasurer of the HUST-AASL delivered a speech of “Where We Want HUST and Our Alumni to be in the Future” and called for the full support of all alumni of Sri Lanka to work together closely for the better future of our alma mater. Dr. M.M.D.R. Deegahawature, Sectary of the HUST-AASL, expressed his heartfelt thanks to all individuals and parties for their support to make this great event come true in his vote of thanks.  After the Inauguration ceremony, Mr. Yu Hailin awarded admission letters to four PhD candidates who will study in HUST under the support of Chinese Government Scholarship.  Formation of HUST Alumni Association in Sri Lanka received extensive attention of all circles ofSri Lanka. Sri Lanka ITN TV, Sri Lanka SIRASA TV and China Radio International and other media reported this launching ceremony. 

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CIUC Farewells Eight MLAs

June 30,2016

On 25th June, the Confucius Institute at the University of Canterbury (CIUC) held a farewell reception for the eight MLAs leaving in July to recognise their hard work in New Zealand schools. The Deputy Consul-General of P R China to Christchurch LI Xin and the Education Consul LI Yucai attended the occasion and presented the MLAs with their certificates. LI Xin expressed his appreciation of the eight MLAs admirable contribution to the promotion of Chinese Language teaching and their work raising the awareness of Chinese culture in New Zealand. He also stressed that thanks to the MLAs’ commitment and resilient personalities when facing the obstacles in work and life, pockets of Chinese culture can spring forth in every corner of the South Island. One of the departing MLAs CHEN Yunbing, who has worked two years in Oamaru, said, “I was quiet and introverted before coming to New Zealand, and now I have grown into an independent and outgoing person”. Another MLA LIU Dong, who has taught in Christchurch for one year, said that she really enjoyed spending time with Kiwi kids and thought they were all very smart and quick to learn a new language. Finally, the director of CIUC Assoc Prof Adam Lam expressed his best wishes to all eight MLAs, encouraging them to take their experience in NZ as a new starting point for their future lives.  

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HUST Sign Cooperation Agreement with University of Bordeaux

June 27,2016

On the morning of June 15th ,.Vice President Prof. Chen Jianguo met with the delegation led by Prof. Vincent Dousset, vice president of the University of Bordeaux, France. A framework agreement and student exchange program agreement between HUST and the University of Bordeaux were signed. Mr. Philippe MAURIN, attaché in Science and Technology Department, Consulate General of France in Wuhan, attended the meeting. During the meeting, Prof. Chen Jianguo and Prof. Vincent Dousset discussed about the development of the comprehensive partnership and promotion of cooperation in the fields of Optical and Electronic Information and Medicine between the two universities. Both parties reached a consensus that two universities, as mergers of colleges and universities, shared comparable academic background, i.e., disciplinary framework and preponderant disciplines, in addition to similar development vision and the goal of internationalization; there would be tremendous potential in developing cooperation between the Optoelectronics Research Cluster in Bordeaux and Optical and Electronic Information in HUST, as well as in the sphere of Medicine. Both sides would fully utilize resources offered by EU, Chinese and French governments, positively promote cooperative activities such as short-and-medium term scholar exchanges and scientific research team, and enhance comprehensive partnership including teaching and scientific research. Furthermore, detailed discussions about the establishment of Confucius Institute in the University of Bordeaux were conducted. Chen Jianguo remarked that as the key universities in two countries, HUST and the University of Bordeaux play an important role not only in teaching and scientific research, but also in bilateral language and cultural exchanges. Besides, Bordeaux and Wuhan are sister cities, and Aquitaine and Hubei Province are sister provinces. To establish Confucius Institute is an important measure to facilitate language and cultural exchanges, as well as the close political and economic cooperation between the local regions. Prof. Dousset expressed that the University of Bordeaux will actively find support from local governments and speed up the application and preparatory work for establishing Confucius Institute. As an international university, the University of Bordeaux, multidisciplinary and research-focused, has prestigious academic strength in the fields of Optical and Electronic Information, Neurosciences and Medical Science etc. On January1st, 2014, merged from Université Bordeaux 1, Université Bordeaux Segalen, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, the new University of Bordeaux becomes the third largest union university in France.    

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HUST Team Renew the Record on ISC2016

June 24,2016

On the ISC 2016 (2016 International Supercomputing Conference) held in Frankfurt on June 22nd, HUST team set the new record and achieved the highest LINPACK benchmark score. It’s the second time for HUST team to won the honor. It’s reported that there are totally 12 teams from various countries and areas participated in the competition. ISC is the premier international forum for the presentation of research results in high-performance computing systems held since 1987.

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2016 HUST Commencement Ceremony Hold

June 21,2016

On the morning of June 18, 2016 HUST Commencement Ceremony was hold in the Optical Valley Gymnamsium. More than 7000 graduates and their parents attended and waved farewell to their four-year campus life. In his address, President Ding Lieyun recalled those wonderful time the graduates have experienced in the past four years. He also urged the graduates to shoulder their social responsibility to serve the country. Wang Chaoyong, the founder of ChinaEquity Group, was invited as the representative of HUST alumni to speech on the ceremony. Wang encouraged the young generation to strive for their dreams rain or shine. Mr. Peng Tianhai, whose son Peng Fangzheng is the undergraduate of School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, expressed on behalf of the graduates’ family members his appreciations and thanks to the faculty and staff members of the university. Guo Ziqi from School of Economics also spoke on the ceremony as the representative of all graduates. Guo will go to Qinghua University to pursue her master degree study.   HUST President Ding Lieyun and school leaders turned the tassels for the graduates at the end of the ceremony.    

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German Federal Minister of Health Hermann Gröhe Crowned Honorary Professor

June 17,2016

On June 14, German Federal Minister of Health Hermann Gröhe was crowned as Honorary Professor of HUST.HUST President Ding Lieyun attended the ceremony. President of Tongji Hospital Prof. Xu Yongjian issued the certificate. Hermann Gröhe pointed out in his address that the bilateral cooperation with Tongji Hospital plays a unique role in the German-Chinese cooperation in public health. The German-Chinese cooperation is of great potential and we both sides are still moving forward on the path that Dr. Paulum Erich had built one hundred years ago. The establishment of Chinese-German Friendship Hospital is a great milestone for the bilateral collaboration. Ding Lieyun expressed his appreciations to German friends for the long-term friendship and cooperation. He hoped that HUST could grasp the opportunity and to further the bilateral cooperation and friendship to a higher level. In 2012 Tongji Hospital had got the German KTQ International quality certificate, which is a good combination of German hospital management experience with Chinese hospitals. It also symbolized that Tongji Hospital has met with European medical requirements.

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Luo Xiaobing Published Paper on Progress in Energy and Combustion Science

June 15,2016

On June 8th, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science published a paper titled Heat and Fluid Flow in High-power LED Packaging and Applications, with Prof. Luo Xiaobing from the School of Energy and Power Engineering as the first and corresponding author. The paper explored and summarized the heat generation mechanism and thermal management technology as well as the fluid flow mechanism and control during the process of phosphor gel coating (a typical packaging process); it also reviewed a range of science and technological problems remained to be explored while pointing out the focus and method for future researches. It’s said that since accumulated heat and phosphor coating largely impact the reliability and longevity of LEDs, the paper will significantly facilitate LED packaging and application technologies. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, one of the most influential international periodical in Energy and interdisciplinary sciences, is dedicated to publishing review papers in the field of Energy. The periodical, which is not accessible to freelance papers, consists of papers written by influential scholars at the invitation of the periodical’s editor, with no more than 30 papers published annually. The journal’s impact factor in 2015 was 19.22, with an average impact factor of 21.043 for the last 5 years. Since its inauguration in 1997, the journal has published 29 papers with Chinese research institutions as corresponding authors (including one paper from Taiwan, China).  

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Alumnus Fang Zhong Awarded China Outstanding Scientific and Technological Experts

June 14,2016

On June 2nd, the closing session of the 9th National Congress of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST) was held at Great Hall of the People in Beijing. HUST alumnus Prof. Fang Zhong, the deputy director of the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), was awarded as ‘China Outstanding Science and Technology Expert(COSTE)’. Chairman of HUST University Board Dr. Lu Gang and President Ding Lieyun expressed their congratulations. COSTE, former as “China Excellent Scientific and Technological Workers”, was newly established in 2015,focusing on encouraging high-level scientific and technological talents to achieve groundbreaking innovations in cutting-edge technologies. Ten were selected for this year’s COSTE with fields covering physics, chemistry, life science, agriculture, medicine, geography, IT, material science and engineering etc. Fang Zhong, researcher, doctoral supervisor and deputy director of Institute of Physics, CAS, graduated from the Physics Department of Huazhong Institute of Technology (the predecessor of HUST) in 1991 and obtained his Ph. D in 1996. He has been long devoted to the research of condensed matter theory and materials computation. He was awarded the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars in 2004 and selected as one of state-level candidates of the Million Talents Program (a program initiated by seven ministries of China for reinforcing the team building of high-level experts and rearing new generation of scientific and technological leaders) in 2005. In 2008, Fang was awarded Mao Yisheng Beijing Youth Science and Technology Prize and ICTP (International Center for Theoretical Physics) Prize; in 2010, he won the prize of C.N. Yang from AAPPS (Association of Asia-Pacific Physical Societies) and special government allowance of the State Council with his achievement being selected into Ten Scientific and Technological Advances of China. In 2011, he was awarded Qiu Shi Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Collective Prize, Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Prize of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Yang Zhenning Prize while being selected as an APS (American Physics Society) fellow. In 2012, Fang received Contribution Award for Returned Overseas Chinese and OCPA AAA (the Achievement in Asia Award or Robert T. Poe Prize of the International Organization of Chinese Physicists and Astronomers).                  

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Prof. Luo Xiaobing Awarded Exceptional Technical Achievement Award of IEEE-CPMT

June 06,2016

On June 2nd, in the 66th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC), HUST Prof. Luo Xiaobing, co-dean of China-EU Institute for Clean and Renewable Energy and Deputy Dean of School of Energy and Power engineering, HUST was awarded Exceptional Technical Achievement Award of IEEE-CPMT. Exceptional Technical Achievement Award of IEEE-CPMT is granted to award the individual who has made important inventions and contributions in the area of packing and manufacturing technology. Each year, only one person in the academic or industrial circle will be granted this award. The appraisal criteria include academic contribution and influence on the industrial circle etc. This year, Luo Xiaobing was granted this award for his research achievement in packaging(LED/IC) thermal management.

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First Forest Art Festival of HUST Kicked off

June 03,2016

In order to make more teachers and students feel the charm of art, HUST art Education Center held the First “Forest Art festival” in which 20 activities of various forms and contents had greatly thickened the artistic atmosphere of campus. It's introduced that this art festival consists of four themes: Modern Dance Week, Chinese Music Week, Forest Art Day and Italian Opera Week. From May 6thto 8th, by invitation, Cao Chengyuan, honored as the father of modern dance lead the Guangdong Modern Dance Troupe to be the guest of Modern Dance Week. He introduced the idea and development of modern dance in the Boya Art Lecture-Modern Dance, the Renaissance of China. He also hosted two modern dance experience workshops to help teachers and students to feel the true emotions expressed in modern dance. Guangzhou Modern Dance Troupe performed the Metamorphosis in Light and Shade, and the classic episode of 11 original dances, indicating the development of the Troup in the past 20 years. Cao Chengyuan was also invited to participate in the dance education development seminar of research universities held by Art Education Center.   From May 14th to 16th, Art Education Center held the Chinese Music Week and invited Xi’an Taihe Ancient Music Society to perform the special concert of Chang’an Ancient music called ‘The left Music of Sui and Tang Dynasty’ so as to popularize traditional Chinese music on campus. The head of the society Jiao Jie was invited as a guest in the Boya Art Lecture where he recounted the complete and profound music theory of Chang’an Ancient Music. May 21st is the Forest Art Day when Resonant Music and Architectural Art Salon kicked off. Li Chun, faculty in School of Architecture and Urban Planning and Mo Hong, faculty in the Art Education Center recounted the lofty, spatial and harmonious beauty of Chinese architecture and music. Wu Man, a pipa performer shared with students the idea of spreading traditional Chinese Music overseas in the lecture-The Role Traditional Chinese Music Plays in the International Music Circle.   From May 19th to 23th, various activities were held during the Italian Opera Week. In the short-term Art Course-Eight Lectures on the Western Opera, Barnaby Palmer, once the conductor of 35 operas summarized the development of opera. In the two Boya Art lectures: The Musical Beauty of Classic Operas in the Past 100 Years, From Turandot to The White-Haired Girl by Guo Hao, China National Opera House chorus head, and How to Appreciate Opera, A Case Study of G.Puccini’s Opera by Barnaby helped students and teachers have a better appreciation of opera. “Art Travel” will bring students and teachers to the Qintai Concert Hall to appreciate G.Puccini’s opera-Turandot. During the art festival, Baya art lecture- All About Jazz Music was held in the postgraduate art week. Dean of Jazz Department of University of Northern Colorado lead his Jazz Band-I, attracting teachers and students into the American Jazz world with his fabulous performance. Music Lunch created a romantic musical atmosphere for those teachers participating in the postgraduate meeting. It’s introduced that on May 28th, Art Education Center will invite Jiang Xuanshu and Wang Jian, faculty of Wuhan Conservatory of Music as guests in the weekend concert, who will perform the vocal concert with a focus on the opera excerpts. 

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The 7th National Clinical Skills Competition Finals Concluded in HUST

June 01,2016

From May 20th to May 22nd, the 7th National Clinical Skills Competition Finals for Medical Colleges was held in Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. It was organized by HUST and co-hosted by Medical Education and Clinical Teaching Research Center and Branch Steering Committee for Clinical Majors Practice and Teaching of MOE, PRC. After two days of fierce competition, the representative teams from Guangxi Medical University, Jilin University, and Fujian Medical University won the special prize. The first prize went to Central South University and other 4 universities. 12 representative teams won second prize and 22 teams won third prize. Prof. Chen Jianguo, vice president of HUST, presided over the opening ceremony of the competition. On behalf of HUST, he extended warm welcome and heartfelt thanks to all the participants. Prof. Shao Xinyu, standing vice president of HUST, summarized the achievements Tongji Medical College has made in recent years in medical education, discipline construction, etc. He also expressed our sincerity to take this opportunity to learn from other medical education institutions and improve our quality of teaching and professionals. On the theme of “Clinical skills, Life, and Soul”, 168 members, 42 representative teams out of 118 teams in 155 different medical colleges took part in the competition in terms of clinical skills and theoretical knowledge. The competition consisted of preliminary competition, quarter-final, semifinal, and final. In order to simulate the real clinical situations, all the competitors were required to demonstrate their clinical skills and thinking by means of teaching models, standardized patient, dynamic question chain, etc. In skills competition, all the competitors are required to complete more than 30 projects like trachea cannula insertion, venous blood collection, CPR, allergic shock rescue, etc., covering multiple disciplines like medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, first aid, nursing, etc. Not only their skills and thinking are demonstrated, but also their medical ethics, humanism, esprit de corps, and degree of poise are needed to fulfill the tasks. Mr. Song Yi, deputy inspector of higher education ministry of MOE, Mr. Lu Gang, chairman of HUST Council, Prof. Wang Weiming, chief judge of finals, from Peking University Health Science Center, Prof. Chi Baorong, deputy director of Medical Education and Clinical Teaching Research Center of MOE, director of The National Clinical Skills Competition is the only state-level competition project for domestic medical colleges. It is an annual events held in China since 2010, aiming to improve the expertise and practical skills of medical students while advocating esprit de corps and originality. Through competition, medical education institutions will attach more importance to the teaching and training of clinical skills and make their students better professionals.

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CIUC Welcomes Standing Member of CPC Hubei Provincial Committee Liang Weinian

May 30,2016

On 27 May, Confucius Institute at the University of Canterbury (CIUC) welcomes Liang Weinian, the standing member of CPC Hubei Provincial Committee, also the Director-General of Publicity Department of Hubei Province, who had a talk with the language teachers and students here.   “Confucius Institute is a non-profit organization whose mission is to promote the cultural exchanges and spread Chinese culture to the rest of the world, which is in line with the purpose of today’s “China Hubei Intangible Culture Heritage Exhibition” (CHICHE) tours. In addition, education is a cornerstone of a nation’s long-term development, which requires the joint endeavors from the educational departments, cultural communities as well as relevant industries. “ CICU teachers and students are immensely encouraged by Liang’s talk and expressed their strong determination to play a role as culture diplomats so that NZ people can have an increasingly better understanding of Chinese culture and Chinese people. Liang Weinian was in Christchurch to attend CHICHE opening ceremony which was sponsored by Publicity Department of the CPC Hubei Provincial Committee. The exhibition is one of a series of productive outcomes resulted from Hubei Provincial Party Committee Secretary Li Hongzhong’s visit to Christchurch in August of last year.            

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China Financial Research Center Inaugurated

May 27,2016

On May,21th, China Financial Research Center of School of Economics, HUST was inaugurated and the first lecture series on the frontier of financial market development kicked off. In order to improve the quality of financial research of HUST and highlight the major theories and problems in China’s finance, School of Economics founded the China Financial Research Center and invited Ba Shusong, chief Chinese economist of HKEX and China Banking Association as the director of the center, Ouyang Hong, assistant dean of School of Economics the executive director. Assistant dean of School of Economics Zhang Jianhua and Ba Shusong inaugurated the center. Zhang Jianhua awarded the letter of appointment to Ba Shusong. The ceremony was presided over by Ouyang Hongbin, In his address, Zhang Jianhua expressed that China Financial Research Center, based on the Zhang Peikang Chang Institute for Development Studies, is founded on the one hand to carry forward the spirit of Zhang Peiji-to continuously provide students with frontier financial resources and on the other hand to train excellent contemporary financial professions and ultimately make due contributions to China’s financial market development. The Lecture series on the frontier of financial market development is a high-quality serial academic activity co-hosted by Zhang Peikang Chang Institute for Development Studies Foundation, Hubei Banking Association and School of Economics, HUST under the leadership of Ba Shusong, director of Zhang Peikang Chang Institute for Development Studies Foundation. Ba Shusong pointed out that traditional financial teaching is based on textbooks, the mature content of which usually lags behind the actually development of finance by 5 to 10 years. The initiation of this lecture series is to solve this problem by delivering the latest development of financial theories and practice to teachers and students. Dr Chen Peng, general manager of Shenzhen Qianhai Agricultural Product Exchange Co., Ltd, was invited to be the first guest of the lecture. Based on his own experience, with the theme of “bulk commodity, spot trading and innovation”, he summarized the latest development of bulk commodity over-the-counter market, trend of domestic bulk commodity over-the-counter market, the drawbacks and solutions of China’s bulk commodity market and the innovation model exploration made by Qianhai Agricultural Product Exchange. In his lecture, he also predicted the future development trend of China’s bulk commodity trading. In his remarks, Ba Shusong emphasized that China’s bulk commodity trading boasts great development potential. While exploring autonomous innovation in exchange, not only should we draw on the experience and model of exchanges in other countries, but also take into consideration of the general background of internationalization of RMB to actively explore the “going global” model and method of bulk commodity trading. New innovation requires new high-quality professionals. He hoped to push forward students’ enthusiasm in learning the frontier theories and practice of modern finance, improve their finance awareness, make them lay a solid foundation for being an excellent financial professional and ultimately make their due contributions to the society.        

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HUST Progressed on Brain Control Mechanism of Sleep-Wake Cycle

May 20,2016

On April 29th, a paper of Dr. Fengfei Ding from Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology and her collaborators, was published on Science titled Changes in the Composition of Brain Interstitial Ions Control the Sleep-wake Cycle. They have proved that changes in extracellular ions can cause sleep/wake-dependent changes in neuronal activity. The research shows that the changes in extracellular ions can not only play a critical role in neural activity, but also trigger shrinkage of extracellular space volume, which is conducive to metabolism. In their theory, brain was aroused by the concerted release of neuromodulators—including norepinephrine, acetylcholine, histamine, dopamine, and orexin, which are released by neurons located in the brainstem, hypothalamus, and basal forebrain. These signals activate the cortex and the abilities of learning and memory. However, the theory can’t explain the instant activation of billions of neurons, which is the necessity of wakefulness. Neither can it be applied to explain the mechanism of maintaining awake and sleep states. The research shows that the concentration of extracellular ions controls the sleep/wake-dependent changes. As a matter of fact, the researchers can control the sleep/wake-dependent changes by altering the concentration of [K+]e, [Ca2+]e, [Mg2+]e, and [H+]e without neuromodulators. They believe that [K+]e is crucial as they detect state-dependent [K+]e shifts in the transition of excitatory activity. Changes in extracellular ions may thus be a cause, rather than consequences, of sleep/wake-dependent changes in neuron-activity. The intercellular movements of positive ions relieve polarization and depolarization block of neurons, causing long-term potentiation. It is predicted that changes in the composition of brain interstitial ions may also be a cause for fatigue and loss of memory of insomnia. By the study of controlling sleep-wake cycle, their observations add new and critical insight into understanding of the loss of consciousness during sleep and anesthesia and facilitate the development of new sleeping pills.  

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HUST Made Progress on Li-O2 Battery

May 19,2016

On May 6th, Science published The Comment Paper on Li-O2 battery of Shen Yue, assoiciate professor of Power and Energy Storage Battery Lab of School of Material Science & Engineering, HUST. Known as the future battery, Li-O2 battery is a chargeable battery based on the energry release and strorage of cyclable chemical reaction of Lithum and oxygen with a theoretical per capita energy ten times that of Lithum ion battery. But the development of this battery faces many challenges, one of which is the unsatisfactory reversibility of cathode electrochemical reaction. On Oct. 30th, Prof. Clare P. Grey published a paper in Science, in which he put forward a totally different cathode electrochemical reaction mechniam and thought that their cathode was able to cycle 2000 times at a limited capacity of 1000 mAh g−1. This achievement aroused international applaud, thus reputed as the “breakthrough” of Li-O2 battery and the top ten progress in science & technology by Reuters. Associate Prof. Shen Yue’s research team found that the mechanism put forward in this paper is evidently fallacious in electric potential. Through systematic research and analysis on the themodynamic equilibrium potential, the reaction acitivity of Lil3 and LiOH, Oxygen evolution rate, the accumulation phenomenon of Lil3 and elctrolyte side reaction capacity, the team boldly argued that the mechanism put forward by Prof.Grey was no sense. The experiemtal phenomenon Grey has noticed is caused by some side reactions of catalyst. This result gained the support and perfection of Shu-Lei Chou and Shi-Xue Dou from University of Wollongong, Australia, and they co-composed this comment paper, of which Shen Yue is the leading author and corresponding author. They argue that Li-O2 battery based on the formation and decomposition of LiOH is fallacious and puts forward their explanation. After posting the paper to Science, they won the commendatory remarks of the paper examiner such as “excellent comment”“strong experimental evidence”. This comment paper aroused wide attention in the academic circle after its publishment with a total download volume of 1000 times within the first three days. Science also reported the themodynamic therectical analysis of V. Viswanathan, from Carnegie Mellon University in the formation and decomposition of LiOH, the main conclusion of which conforms to the comment paper of Associate Prof. Shen Yue. Shen Yue thinks that Li-O2 Battery is a battery system worth research. However the side reaction is complicated. In the traditional half battery limited capacity cycling tests, many side reactions have been hiden. Currently the limited-capacity cycling test is misleading when the electrolyte contributes considerable parasitic reaction capacity. So our current research is mainly based on a more objective mechanism analysis. We will cope with the molecular stability, introduce new catalysts, fundamentally improve the cycling stability of Li-O2 battery and ultimately lay a solid foundation for its application. Link of the comment paper:http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6286/667.1.full  

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HUST made breakthrough in strong-field photoelectron holography

May 17,2016

On April 27th, Dr. Yueming Zhou in Huazhong University of Science and Technology and his collaborators Oleg I. Tolstikhin (Russian) and Toru Morishita (Japan) made breakthrough in research field of strong-field photoelectron holography. The result was published in Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 173001 (2016), with the title “Near-Forward Rescattering Photoelectron Holography in Strong-Field Ionization: Extraction of the Phase of the Scattering Amplitude”. When atoms/molecules exposed to strong laser field, tunneling ionization occurs and the ionized electron was oscillating. This oscillating electron could return to the parent ion and rescattered by the ion. This rescattering electron could be employed to image the structures of the atoms and molecules. In 2011, an experimental paper was published in Science, where the interference pattern originating from the rescattering and the tunneled electrons was observed. This type of interference was called strong-field photoelectron hologram. It is believed that this type of hologram encoded the structural information of the atoms/molecules and their ultrafast dynamics information. However, what type of structural information and how to extract this information remains unknown. Dr. Yueming Zhou and his collaborators revisited the origination of this holographic interference. Based on the recently developed adiabatic theory they pointed out that the structural information encoded here is the phase of the scattering amplitude, which is a fundamentally important quantity in the community of atomic and molecular physics. Further, they proposed a method to decode this information, and successfully obtained this structural information from the photoelectron hologram. This establishes a novel general approach to extracting structural information from strong-field photoelectron hologram and proved the theoretical basis for time-resolved imaging of ultrafast processes in the attosecond regime with the concept of strong-field photoelectron holography.

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HUST Made Breakthrough on 2D Materials with Intrinsic Ferroelectrics/Ferroelastics

May 10,2016

On April 26th, Professor Menghao Wu in School of Physics made breakthrough in research on 2D ferroelectric/ferroelastic materials in Nano Letters, entitled as “Intrinsic Ferroelasticity and/or Multiferroicity in Two-Dimensional Phosphorene and Phosphorene Analogues”. It is known that ferroic (ferromagnetic, ferroelectric, or ferroelastic) materials have important applications as non-volatile memory. However, little research has been reported on feasible ferroic memory in low-dimensional systems, in light of that 2D materials like graphene or phosphorene are expected to play important role in future nanoelectronics. To our knowledge, only a few studies on 2D ferroelectric or ferroelastic materials have been reported in the literature, and little on the multiferroic materials that entail two ferroic order parameters simultaneously. The Curie temperature Tc of most low-dimensional ferromagnetic structures is far below room temperature, while for those with a relatively high Tc none appears to be stable in the ambient condition. Compared with ferromagnetism, however, ferroelectricity or ferroelasticity in low-dimension materials may survive at a relatively higher temperature so long as the crystal structure is intact. Moreover, unlike the ferromagnetism (most ferromagnetic materials are metallic), neither ferroelectricity nor ferroelasticity is incompatible with semiconductivity. It is therefore conceivable to combine semiconductivity for signal manipulation with ferroics for non-volatile memory in the same 2D material. This combination has long been one of primary goals in the study of diluted magnetic semiconductor since the beginning of this century, although its practical application is still hindered today by the issue of low Tc. Through collaborations with Professor Xiao Cheng Zeng in University of Nebraska, Menghao Wu demonstrated by first-principles calculations that phosphorene and phosphorene analogues (SnS, SnSe, GeS, GeSe monolayers) are potentially the long-sought 2D materials that can combine electronic transistor characteristic with non-volatile memory readable/writeable capability at ambient condition. Specifically, phosphorene is predicted to be a 2D intrinsic ferroelastic material with ultra-high reversible strain, while SnS, SnSe, GeS, GeSe monolayers are multiferroic with coupled ferroelectricity and ferroelasticity. Moreover, their notable structural anisotropy enables ferroelastic or ferroelectric switching readily readable via electrical, thermal, optical, mechanical or even spintronic detection upon the swapping of the zigzag and armchair direction. In addition, it is predicted that the GeS and GeSe monolayers as well as bulk SnS and SnSe can maintain their ferroelasticity and ferroelectricity (anti-ferroelectricity) beyond the room temperature, suggesting high potential for practical device application. Menghao Wu joined School of Physics of HUST as a professor in December of 2014. He has been working in the fields of theoretical calculations on low-dimensional nanostructures in the past few years. The paper introduced above is another breakthrough in 2D van der Waals materials after his last publication in Nano Letters in April 2015. The research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b00726?journalCode=nalefd  

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World’s Largest Metal Part High-Precision Laser 3D Printing Equipment Passed the Appraisal

May 09,2016

On April 26th, the critical technology and equipment of large metal part highly-efficent Selective Laser Melting (so called 3D printing technology) passed the achievement appraisal of science and technology department of Hubei Province . The 3D printing technology, deeply integrating the information technology and manufacturing technology and simultaneously screened by four lasers is the world’s high-precision metal part laser 3D printing equipment with the highest efficiency and largest size, which overcomes multiple technology problems, achieves the high-precision forming of complicated metal parts, improves the forming efficiency and shortening the duration of equipment research & preparation. With the development of aerospace equipment towards light weight, high reliability, long life expectancy and low cost, some key metal parts are becoming more and more complicated, requiring a shortening manufacturing period, thus confronting China’s manufacuturing technology with a series of common problems such as complicated thin wall precise part structure-performance integration manufacturing technology, the forming technology of turbine and blades of areospace engines, which has seriously restricted the improvement of China’s areospace equipment technology. Metal part laser 3D printing technology is the most difficult technology attracting the most attention among all the 3D printing technologies. Of which Selective Laser Melting(SLM)’s main feature is high precision with no further machining. It can be used to manufacture various kinds of complicated metal parts, achieve the integration of struture and function, thus having great demands in areospace industry. However, low forming efficiency and small forming size is the bottleneck containing the development of this kind of technology. Currently, there still exists a great gap between China’s SLM technology development and that of international advanced conterparts. So most equipment relies on import. Funded by National 863 Program and National Natural Science Fundation of China and after ten years of hard work, the advanced laser manufacturing research team led by Professor Zeng Xiaoyan from WNLO of HUST has made important breakthroughs in SLM forming theory, process and equipment, especially in overcoming the bottleneck that SLM forming is difficult to manufacture large-size matal part. SML technology, boasting a high precision of forming, high performance and requiring no moulds is a typical digitalized process. Currently it plays an irreplacable role in the forming of complicated precise metal parts. Besides it enjoys a promosing application prospect in nearly all high-end manufacturing areas such as precise machinery, energy, electronics, petrochemical engineering and transportation.  

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HUST Paper Selected Top 100 in the Scientific Reports Annual Citation Rate

May 06,2016

On April 15th, Prof. Wu Zhigang from the School of Mechanical Science and Engineering of HUST (SMSE) received a congratulation letter from the Nature Publishing Group (NPG) on his paper being selected into the 2015 Top 100 Annual Citation Rate List of the Scientific Reports. The paper, titled ‘Tape Transfer Atomization Patterning of Liquid Alloys for Microfluidic Stretchable Wireless Power Transfer’, was initially published on the Scientific Reports in 2015. Scientific Reports, a comprehensive scientific journal from the publishers of Nature, published a total of 11,000 papers in 2015. The 2014 Impact Factor for it is 5.578. Prof. Wu Zhigang, after graduating from the SMSE of HUST with a Bachelor’s Degree, obtained a Ph.D from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He long engaged in the scientific research in Sweden and was elected associate professor of the Uppsala University (Swedish) and young researcher of the Swedish Council for Science. After returning to China, he was invited to serve as professor and doctoral supervisor of the SMSE. He was also selected into “Thousand Yong Talents”, a program initiated by the Department of Organization of CPC Central Committee. Prof. Wu has long been devoted to and achieved fruitful results in the design for Microfluidics and Microfluidic Flexible Electronics and the development and application of the manufacturing techniques, with more than 30 of his papers published on international authoritative journals including Applied Physics Letters, Science Reports, Lab Chip, Small, Advanced Functional Materials, Advanced Materials etc. Many of these papers were selected as journal highlights or cover papers and cited in top international journals such as Nature, Angewandte Chemie and Chemical Society Review for more than 1500 times in total.      

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HUST Made Progress in Pervaporation Membranes

May 05,2016

On April 25th, the research team led by professor Wang Yan from School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, published a paper titled “Poly(vinyl alcohol)/ZIF-8-NH2 Mixed Matrix Membranes for Ethanol Dehydration via Pervaporation” in AICHEJ, which marks a new headway in the research & preparation of novel pervaporation membranes. Master candidate Zhang Hao is the first author of this paper. In this work, ethanediamine (EDA)-modified zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF)-8 particles (ZIF-8-NH2) is synthesized and incorporated in the polyvinylalcohol (PVA) matrix to fabricate novel PVA/ZIF-8-NH2 mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) for pervaporation dehydration of ethanol. The PVA/ZIF-8-NH2 MMMs exhibit enhanced membrane homogeneity and separation performance because of the higher hydrophilicity and restricted agglomeration of the particles, as compared to corresponding MMMs loaded with unmodified particles. The method is simple, controllable and highly operable, and can be expanded to the preparation of most other mixed matrix membranes, solving the common phase separation problem in mixed matrix membranes. This is the 3rd paper of Wang Yan’s team published in international journals of Chemical Engineering. The previous 2 papers titled “Novel carboxyethyl amine sodium salts as draw solutes with superior forward osmosis performance” and “Synthesis and application of ethylenediamine tetrapropionic salt as a novel draw solute for forward osmosis application” were published in AICHE J on Dec.15th, 2015 and Dec.30th, 2014 respectively. The first author of the previous two papers is Ph.D candidate Long Qingwu. Through a simple two-step reaction, a series of carboxyethyl amine sodium salts are synthesized and applied as novel draw solutes for forward osmosis (FO). The effects of the CASS concentration on the osmotic pressure and viscosity of the draw solutions, as well as the resulted FO performance are also systematically investigated. By optimizing the pH of draw solution, the composition is varied and therefore its water solubility and osmotic pressure are effectively improved. A high water flux and an acceptable reverse salt flux can be achieved with 0.5 g/mL TTHP-Na draw solution under PRO mode, which is superior to most other draw solutes reported in previous literatures. Triethylenetetramine hexapropionic acid sodium draw solution  for dye wastewater treatment by FO process exhibits a good dewatering capability and low dye leakage, and can be further recycled by nanofiltration, indicating its great potential in FO application. Since  professor Wang Yan started her independent work in our University in 2013, she has successively published 7 papers in the three top international journals of Chemical Engineering, i.e., AICHEJ,  Chem. Eng.Sci, and Ind.Eng.Chem.Res. It’s known that the team’s research is funded by “Thousand Youth Talent Plan”, National Natural Science Foundation of China and HUST. The team’s research work is currently focoused on the development and improvement of polymeric membranes via molecular design of membrane materials, optimization of membrane microstructure and adjustment of operation conditions, as well as the membrane applications for liquid separtion, waste water treatment and desaination and etc.  

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Jia Pingwa: “Make the Best Use of Your Cloud”

May 04,2016

On April 11th, Jia Pingwa, a laureate of Maodun Literature Prize, lectured to the students of the Chinese Language and Literature Department in room D306, Building Dongjiu Lou.  “There are two troubles in my life, one is my not-so-handsome look, another is my accent.”Jia Pingwa kicked off his lecture with his humor. “Mandarin is not for me, Shannxi dialect is my tongue.” “Draft before speech is also my habit,”Jia continued,“See this is my draft for today’s lecture.”Students there burst into great laughter. Content take precedence over Techniques  “Personally, I feel that literature is now being marginalized. Many of us are missing the good old days back in the 1980s, when literature was extremely popular, an author stood a chance to be famous overnight for his works, a short story could be read nationwide. It’s mainly because the literature then was used as a means of news media. However, with the rapid development of information technology, literature is nothing more than just literature. It’s only a special activity for small group of people.” In his point of view, the current time is an age of legend, it is also the age of weirdness, nothing is impossible. “Perhaps I am too old, I often felt at sea by the window. I watched the skyscrapers and advertising board, I find them novel and surprising. For example, Weight loss is now quite popular, but I doubt if it’s really conducive to people’s well-being? Cosmetic surgery makes people the figures in the gallery, there’s no point being beautiful like that.” He said, from his perspective, literature nowadays is facing similar issue, it is in crisis. “There’s too much floridness in present works, they boasts only florid looks, like Cloisonné from Qing Dynasty. However, the classics don’t, they are simple but powerful.” The essence of literature is contents and writing techniques. “We are supposed to emphasize that the contents take precedence over techniques in composition, especially when China is in huge consumption, entertainment, when there’s underlying crisis.” He thought that the marginalization didn’t mean extinction of literature, “More and more folks are taking literature as their hobby. Literature is part of human’s instinct, and literature is to our spirit as a meal to our body. When we are hungry, we need to eat. Jia Pingwa insisted that everyone had the potential to create marvelous works, but marvelous works depend on nurture environment and authors’ efforts. When recalling the days when he create “Zhuomu She”, a literature association, forty years ago, he said: “Despite the poor working condition back then, we had great passion for literature. We kept writing, immersed ourselves in literature. We kept producing pieces of works like hens lay eggs. Indeed, composition is not easy, but we experience sense of achievement and joy when something remarkable is created. I had been an editor for a long time, gaining experience through years of hard work. Finally, when I just feel being an expert, I find myself already an old man, the energy and passion I had have waned. I’d check up in the kitchen for something to eat when I keep writing for two hours at most.” Then a voice came from the students: “Me too!” literature is kind of Chán Sect “To teach literature is as to teach the Chán sect, many things may not be correct if you try to describe them with words. Literature is the last thing to be taught, I think literature is actually something experts wrote to a special group of people, not everyone could understand.” That explains why Jia Pingwa stressed on the outlooks on life and literature more than specific literature theory:“You can learn other tips in later practice, but outlooks on literature is paramount” Jia said. Writing is the deeply-buried instinct of a writer. Every author has their own fate, they need to produce their own works. The urge to write is in their blood, just like no one can stop hens laying eggs, because that’s their nature.” Jia Pingwa encountered the Cultural Revolution when he was in the ninth grade. Schools were closed at that time. There was a shabby library in his school, Jia sneaked into with his fellows and “borrowed” books. “It was dark in there, I couldn’t see clearly what I was borrowing. Finally, I smuggled an essay collection of Lu Xun, the first volume of A Dream of Red Mansion, and the story of Mining. I was at a young age, but I got an eye for the Dream of red mansion, I could understand the conversation between the princes and princesses. I didn’t finish the Story of Mining, because I never experienced mining life. Well, although I never experience the life in the Dream of Red Mansion, either. Reflect on the Relationship between Pillars and Mansion When talking about the motive of composition, Jia Pingwa said: “When reading other’s story, you may have an impulse to write down your own story. In the beginning, it’s on the spur of the moment. When moving deeper, you will feel the sense of duty, then you realize that being an author is not easy. ” “An author lives on his works” he added. Jia Pingwa also said that there’s too much about literature, while there are some questions on literature he could never figure out for the rest of his life. Jia Pingwa often felt bewildered when he was young. He had self-doubt that he may not be successful and no one would recognize him while his peers were making money, taking office, dating girls. He said: “I had sought advice from many experts, editors, all of them bet against my success. So, I encourage you to be nonconformists, some are meant to be meteoric success, while some are meant to wait, all you need to do is to take stock and believe in yourselves.” When it came to how Jia Pingwa created his novels, he said that when you write, the fate of protagonist must intertwine with the times, so that the story is not only a story of a person, but the story of the times. In that way, the story could be a truly great story. He used a metaphor: “Writing is like growing a flower, it doesn’t matter where you grow it. In the yard or by the road of front door, both are okay. When you smell its fragrance, everyone passing by will smell it, too.” He also highlighted: “The materials you used in your story need to have resonance for the readers and intertwine with the times, you also need to pay close attention to our society. Our society is very sophisticated, so my advice for you is to stay sensitive and connect yourselves with the society, to see things from different perspective. Try to grasp the trend of social development and be a visionary, show intensity in your works relating to the society. With all theses in mind, your works could be closer to true greatness.” Make the Best Use of Your Cloud “I’ve talked about the techniques. Well, actually, techniques are about wisdom. It is reflected on the language. As for language, you use it to express yourselves precisely. I think language has an intimate bearing on yourselves, the way you write is exactly the way you think and talk.” Speaking of language, Jia Pingwa thought writing is talking, everyone has their own style. When telling a story, first of all, you need to tell a clear story, then you try to make it fascinating. When you are telling a fascinating story, your language surely pass muster with the readers. “Some works are in a muddle, that’s because the author hasn’t formed his own style. Some authors evolve their own style, but the contents are absurd, this indicate that the author is absurd per se. Some has a very good application of metaphor and simile, the description is beyond reproach, but there’s no backbone in the spirit, this means the author knows just a trick or two. If the paper is lifeless, the author must be insipid, even the author is a good person, their story can’t be compelling.” Jia Pingwa believed that you could see through the author via his works, their language indicated their fortune, morality, mentality, and code of conduct. Maybe you could even see the author’s face, more or less. “For example, in a review article of a football match, the author mocked the poor performance of a football star, and said that star didn’t deserve such a beautiful wife. All these reviews revealed the author’s envy.” The rhythm of language is also crucial. Rhythm is the breath of language. “Breath is vital to life, anything in this world needs to breathe, a desk, a chair, everything. Think about it, everything can’t stop breathing, the more important they are, the more air they will need. All the living things are tender inside, if you want your works to be alive, you need to let them breathe, every word, every paragraph, give some air to them. The slower the rhythm, the better. Like a slow exhalation. Think about Erhu and Tai Chi, you need to be slow and gentle. All great works are endowed with great rhythm.” In order to create great rhythm, he thought the author must be patient, “Writing often gets people irritable. So, it’s very likely that you may have a very good beginning but get in a muddle in the middle if you get irritated or are lack of patience.” “The possibility of narrative is infinite, the narrative determines the contents. When you use extreme narrative, the plot, the characters, and the language will go to extreme and be absurd. With extreme narrative, your works can surely cause strong emotional impact. But you need to realize that even those distorted and absurd stuff are based on realities, you need to tread on realities to move to higher state. Without the capability to handle reality, there’s no point creating something can easily crumble even if they look very grand. Such works bring readers nothing more than emotional impact, they can’t be as far-reaching as you want them to be.” He used an analogy with the line drawing narrative from Tang and Song Dynasty. Line drawing won’t make your works that much emotional, but it makes your works savoury. However, line drawing somewhat makes the structure tedious, less powerful, which is not suitable for mass reading, still, it makes your works savoury. He said authors need further trials to make better combination of extreme narrative and line drawing narrative. At the end of the lecture, Jia Pingwa pointed out that: “No bewilderment, no writing. You can’t compose if you already had nothing confused in your mind. For example, the more you experience, the more you know about each other in a relationship, the less impetuous you will become to get married. Marriage, to some extent, is an impetuous decision for many people.” He concluded that there are three defining elements for composition: modernity, tradition, and folk culture. “First and foremost, your works need to keep up with the times, you won’t pass muster with too old-fashioned ideas. Second, you can’t forget about tradition, if you want to go western way, you need to know about western history. If you want to go oriental way and write about China, remember, beginning with folk culture will further your tradition, and tradition is the basis.” Many people feel like generalizing those original stuff from western countries as modern thinking. However, Jia Pingwa held the view that modern thinking is to think of the majority of people all around the world, to be clear about what they want, what they are doing, what they are seeking. The awareness of current trend is the real modern thinking.  “It’s the sun that shines behind the cloud”. “Before I took a flight, I thought it’s just cloud high above in the sky, it rains, it snows, and it blows the wind. After I took a flight, I found out that it’s all sunlight behind the cloud.” Jia Pingwa thought that this world consists of different classes, different peoples, even on the grounds of difference, we need to know that religions, philosophy, and aesthetics from different countries share the same ultimate expression. He explained with a metaphor: “The sunlight come from the same source, while the clouds in difference areas have different shapes. Since God put me under this area, there’s no need to parody the description of clouds in other areas. All I need to is to do my utmost to describe what happens in my area, to write about my clouds, the rain, and the snow. When I write about my clouds, I am aware that, high above my clouds, I share the same sunlight as any other areas. What’s different is about the clouds, the rain, and the snow. That’s how we connect different stories with the same ultimate expression, and the same is true for the relationship between our stories and modernity.” At that moment, this whole lecture hall was listening. He concluded his speech with a sage’s quote: “When dedicate yourselves to God, do not brag to God how great the storm is, you should tell the storm how great your God is.” Then it came to Q&A, Wang Shenzhi, a Chinese Linguistic Literature major, from College of Humanities, raised a question: “Mr. Jia, I read some sexual description in your work, I also read a review of comparison of sexual descriptions between yours works and the White Deer Plain of Mr. Chen Zhongshi. So, what do you think of the function of sexual description in fictions, is it inevitable?” Jia Pingwa noticed the awkwardness on the questioner, so he replied with amiable smile: “Well, there’s not that much sexual description in my works, actually it’s only about Deserted City.” The hall was filled with laughter at the mention of Deserted City, “Sexual description is actually very subtle, now you accepted it, but I was overwhelmed by a flood of critics from the public in 1993. My intention was simple, I just wanted to write about trivial stuff, eat, drink, men, women, no big deal. I reckon I wrote about many things, eating, traveling. I just don’t feel right to go through a day without writing. In Deserted City, Zhuang Zhidie thought he could save all the women around him, he thought he could save the world. In the end, he saved nobody, instead, he got himself and his wife killed. He would go to women whenever he wanted to. I reckon I wrote about sex for the same ambiguous motive.” He added, “Nowadays, people are not that interested about sexual description. The good sex writers are generally those who never had sex and crave sex. As for me, I seldom wrote about sex after I get married.” The hall was filled with laugher again. A brief introduction: Jia Pingwa, born in Dihua Town, Shannxi Province, on February 21st, 1952. He is a Chinese novelist and short story writer. He began to publish his works in 1974, graduated from Northwest University School of Arts in 1975. He published Ghost City and Apricot in February in 1982. He created a new monthly prose journal called Pretty Words. Deserted City was published in 1993. He won the first National Short Story prize in 1997 by Man Yue’er. From 2003, he served as the dean of the school of Humanities and the dean of the college of Arts in Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology. His Shannxi Opera won the seventh Mao Dun Literature Prize. Ji Hua, a 160-thousand-word novel of Jia Pingwa, was published in full on the issue 1 of People's Literature in 2016. It is considered as the shortest story among Jia Pingwa’s novels. I seldom wrote about sex after I get married.” The hall was filled with laugher again. A brief introduction: Jia Pingwa, born in Dihua Town, Shannxi Province, on February 21st, 1952. He is a Chinese novelist and short story writer. He began to publish his works in 1974, graduated from Northwest University School of Arts in 1975. He published Ghost City and Apricot in February in 1982. He created a new monthly prose journal called Pretty Words. Deserted City was published in 1993. He won the first National Short Story prize in 1997 by Man Yue’er. From 2003, he served as the dean of the school of Humanities and the dean of the college of Arts in Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology. His Shannxi Opera won the seventh Mao Dun Literature Prize. Ji Hua, a 160-thousand-word novel of Jia Pingwa, was published in full on the issue 1 of People's Literature in 2016. It is considered as the shortest story among Jia Pingwa’s novels.

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HUSTers Won the Outstanding Winner Award of MCM/ICM for the 4rd Time

April 28,2016

On April, 12th, news came that HUSTers won the Outstanding Winner Award of MCM/ICM ( The Mathematical Contest in Modeling/ The Interdisciplinary Contest in Modeling) held in US in Feb. 2016 from the organizing committee. Besides, it’s the first time that HUSTers have won the INFORMS Award(The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences Award). This year marks the fourth time that HUSTers have won the Outstanding Winner Award of MCM/ICM with the former three successively awarded in 2010, 2012 and 2014. This year, altogether 26 teams from Qiming College and the Mathematical Modeling Base of School of Mathematics & Statistics, HUST participated in the MCM/ICM, among which, the team made up of Liu Xiao, Wang Dingchang and Jiang Guodong from School of Economics won the Outstanding Winner Award and INFORMS Award. Apart from this, another 8 teams won the first award while many the second and third award. It’s introduced that MCM(The Mathematical Contest in Modeling)is an international contest co-launched by AMS (American Mathematical Society), SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics), NSA(National Security Agency) and INFORMS ( The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) since 1985. Since 2000, ICM(The Interdisciplinary Contest in Modeling)has been added and held simultaneously with MCM. In 2016, more than 12,500 teams from 17 countries in the world participated in the contests, the scale of participating hitting the record. Here are the lists of HUST’s Outstanding Winners and First Award Winners of MCM/ICM in 2016: Outstanding Winners/INFORMS Winners:  Liu Xiao, Wang Dingchang, Jiang Guodong. First Award Winners: Su Pengjuan, Mo Tangming, Ma Yiming Cheng Ke, Zheng Xuanyu, Peng Haoming, Ye Zhenhua, Sun Wenhan, Feng Yulei, Zhang Chenyu, Ye Zhijiu, Pan Ting, Zheng Junzheng, Lei Xinyi, Shang Junyuan, Zhang Maoqi, Wu Jiawei, Niu Qin, Zhong Yang, Xia Jingyuan, Guo Junjie, Peng Baijun, Xie Zhiyong, Feng Ziyao.          

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Cooperation between HUST and Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne Signed

April 25,2016

On April 8th, a framework agreement was signed by HUST President Ding Lieyun and Dr. Patrick Curmi the President of Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne. The two universities are to launch intensive coordination in teaching, research etc. based on their predominant disciplines. During the meeting, Ding indicated that the Biomedical Science is a predominant subject both in Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne and HUST; Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne has made distinctive achievement in the Translational Medical Science (TMS) and the Biocomputing and HUST is also active in TMS, precision medicine and the big data on health etc. which are closely associated with clinical practices. Therefore, the two universities can further enhance their exchanges among high-level personnel and research cooperation based on the cooperation in Life Science. Dr. Patrick Curmi said that Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne seeks to establish comprehensive cooperation with HUST in higher education and research while expanding the cooperation base from Life Science to many other disciplines such as Automation, Computer Science, Mechanism and Logistics Management. It is said that more than ten students from the Bei Shizhang Elite Class co-founded by the HUST and the Institute of Biophysics of CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences) would be invited to go to the summer camp at Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne on this summer vacation. Officials from the French Consulate General in Wuhan including the Consul-general attended the signing ceremony. Situated in the City of Evry in the Southern Suburb of Paris, Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne (France) is one of the members of the Universtsité Paris-Saclay Federation of France (the Universtsité Paris-Saclay ranked 25 in the 2016 QS World University ranking). It is also one of the leaders in the global genomics and post-genomic science standing out in the public health and industry. Its Genopole, as an important institute of the City of Evry, is aimed at facilitating the interdisciplinary coordination among the Life Science, Chemistry, Mathematics, Informatics, Biology and the Physics Lab of the Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne. The institute has received great support from the INSERM (the French National Institute for Public Health and Medicine), CEA (France) and AFM-Téléthon (France). 

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Alumnus Zhang Hongtao Donated One Million Yuan to HUST

April 25,2016

On April 11th, Zhang Hongtao, chief executive and general manager of the XuJi Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd, alumnus of HUST, donated one million yuan to the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering of HUST (SEEE) for establishing the “XJ Intelligent Power Distribution and Utilization Scholarship”. This scholarship is aimed at cultivating professionals in power distribution and utilization, encouraging excellent students and sponsoring students with financial difficulties. Zhang said that he funded and established the scholarship in order to show his gratefulness to his alma mater, sponsor the current students and encourage innovations at HUST. He also addressed the students of SEEE that in accordance with the school mission of “high pursuit in integrity, learning, truth and innovation”, they should strive for improvement and prepare themselves for the development of the electricity industry in China. During his visit to HUST, Zhang also talked with the Secretariat of the Central Alumni Association of HUST about the further enhancement in local alumni associations’ service and liaison with alumni. And at the invitation of the Association, he gave a lecture at the 46th session of the “Alumni Forum of HUST”. Related Links: Zhang Hongtao, chief executive and general manager of the XuJi Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd, chief executive of Beijing Xu Du Information Technology Co.Ltd. Zhang graduated from the School of Management of HUST with Master of Management. He is currently the vice president of the Beijing Alumni Association of HUST. He was awarded the title of “Annual Figure of the Entrepreneurial Federation of HUST” in 2015. XuJi Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd was established in May 2009. It is striving to become an excellent supplier in intelligent power distribution and utilization products. In July 2014, it completed its transformation in line with the stock system and in December of the same year, it successfully got listed on the National Equities Exchange and Quotation System for SMEs in China.      

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Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement for Innovation and Development Signed Between HUST and Nanning City

April 21,2016

From April 14th to April 15th, a delegation led by Ma Xiaojie, the vice-chair of council and vice president of HUST, visited Nanning and signed a Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement for Innovation and Development. Pursuant to the Agreement, and in the principle of complementary advantages, mutual benefit, sharing resources, and mutual development, cooperation will begin in the construction of New Think Tank, Industry-Institution-Research cooperation, talents exchanging and producing, teaching practice and the construction of excellent students source.   On the signing ceremony, Zhou Hongbo the mayor of Nanning Province extended heartfelt thanks to HUST for the interest and support on the development of Nanning. He also proposed his vision for the innovation and development cooperation on science and technology, talents exchanging and producing, and consultancy service via effective combination of the advantages on both sides. While Ma Xiaojie hoped that both parties can further their connection and make sure all the cooperation come to fruition. HUST alumnus Wang XiaoDong, the Secretary General of Nanning City and member of Standing Committee of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, received the delegation.

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New Test of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law at the Submillimeter Range in HUST

April 20,2016

The four known fundamental forces in nature, gravity, electromagnetic interaction, weak, and strong interactions, are currently described by general relativity and the standard model of particle physics respectively. Many physicists have been making efforts to connect gravity to the rest of physics. A number of theoretical scenarios, such as string theory, have been proposed and predict a deviation from the gravitational inverse-square law in short-range regime. The high precision experiments to test the gravitational inverse-square law would definitely help people understand the essence of gravity. On April 1, 2016, a recent progress in this field from the Center for Gravitational Experiments in the School of Physics was published in PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS entitled as “New Test of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law at the Submillimeter Range with Dual Modulation and Compensation”[Phys. Rev. Lett.116(2016)131101]. The team has been testing the gravitational inverse-square law using torsion pendulums since 2002. Because of the extremely weakness of gravitation comparing to other fundamental forces, a large amount of difficulties must be overcome. Thanks to the stable temperature, the low seismic noise, and the isolation from other human activities in the cave lab in HUST, the team has achieved several important results after solving the problems of the electrostatic disturbance, the capacitance feedback control of the torsion pendulum, the synchronous gravitation calibration, and the disturbance from the vibration. In 2007, the team obtained the first result with the separation between masses down to 176 micrometers. The result shows that the gravitational inverse-square law holds down to a length scale of 66 micrometers, and excludes the possibility of two compact extra space dimensions with the same size at submillimeter scale as predicted by ADD theory. The result is close to the world’s best level reported about 3 months early. In 2012, after 5 years of hard work, the team improved the previous best result at millimeter range by a factor of 8 after reducing the electromagnetic disturbance and the accurate compensation for the Newtonian torque. In this work, they reduced the disturbance from the driving system and used a dual compensation design for the Newtonian torque. The precision of the measured torque was improved to 2E-17 Nm. The final result establishes the strongest bound on the Yukawa-type deviations from the new tonian gravity in the range of 70-300 micrometers, which is up to a factor of 2 of the previous bounds atthe length scale of 160micrometers. The research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Basic Research Program of China and the HUST. Link:http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131101          

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Confucius Institute at University of Canterbury Welcomes Deputy Mayor of Wuhan

April 19,2016

On 16 April, Confucius Institute at University of Canterbury (CIUC) welcomes the Deputy Mayor of Wuhan Madam Liu Yingzi who had a talk with the language teachers and students here.  Liu told the attendants that as alumni of HUST, the co-founder of CIUC, she felt very proud and had a strong impression of the positive contribution of UIUC to the development of a friendly relationship between the two cities. “Through your teaching of Chinese language and organizing all sorts of cultural events, you actually have planted seeds of friendship in the hearts of NZ people. The relationship between the two countries has always been based on the people-to-people exchange and all of you are culture diplomats in that sense.” CIUC Deputy Director Jiang Jing made a brief introduction of CIUC. Madam Liu was in Christchurch to attend an opening ceremony of “Chinese Painting in Oceania” Art Exhibition which was co-organized by NZ Hubei Trade, Economy & Culture Association and CIUC. The exhibition was the first of a series of events in celebration of Wuhan and Christchurch sister cities relationship.

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11 Scholars won Liang Liang-Sheng Award for Science and Technology Progress

April 12,2016

On March 30th, The 10th Hubei Province Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese (FROC) held its second plenary session in Wuhan, where the 12th Liang Liang-sheng Award for Science and Technology Progress was conferred to 21 scholars from all over the Hubei Province (vacancy for first prize). 11 Scholars in HUST have won the prize, ranking No. 1 in the winners’ number. Among them eight have won second prize and three have won third prize. The second prize winners in HUST were: Ma Ding (Tongji Medical College), Liu Dechang (School of Energy and Power Engineering), Chen Weihong (School of Public Health), Chen Xuedong (School of Mechanical Science and Engineering), Shao Xinyu (School of Mechanical Science and Engineering), Zheng Chuguang (School of Energy and Power Engineering), Xu Jing (School of Optical and Electronic Information), Liao Yuhua (Wuhan Union Hospital). The third prize winners are: Chen Jihong (School of Mechanical Science and Engineering), Yuan Jing (School of Public Health), Zeng Shaoqun (Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelctronics) It is known that Liang Liang-Sheng Award for Science and Technology Progress was inaugurated by the C-BONS GROUP president Liang Liang-sheng, who made a generous donation to FROC of Hubei Province in 1994. It is awarded every two years for the returned overseas Chinese, countrymen in Hong Kong and Macao, and their families or relatives who made significant contribution to Science and Technology. The applicants for 12th Liang Liang-sheng Award for Science and Technology Progress are returned overseas Chinese, their families, and Chinese with foreign nationality who had at least won the second prize of province or ministry award for science and technology progress, the relatives who had at least won the first prize of province or ministry award for science and technology progress, and academicians of Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineer who are the families of returned overseas Chinese. The United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee and FROC in HUST gave it much precedence and actively organized the application. Related tasks were successfully fulfilled with the support of Research and Development Office of HUST and related schools.  

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Alumnus Zhang Zheng Got the Outstanding PhD Dissertation Award in EDA

April 11,2016

  Recently, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) has announced on its official website the result of Outstanding PhD Dissertation Award selection. Dr. Zhang Zheng from MIT, the Alumnus of School of Optical and Electronic Information in Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), has won the ACM Outstanding PhD Dissertation Award in Electronic Design Automation in 2006 with his dissertation “Uncertainty Quantification for Integrated Circuits and Microelectromechanical Systems”. The award, as the top one in EDA, accepts nominations from deans of any university worldwide. However, only one of the at most two PhD dissertations from each university will enter the final assessment stage. This year, awarding ceremony will be held during Design Automation Conference in Austin of Texas, US in June. Zhang Zheng was admitted in School of Optical and Electronic Information in HUST as an undergraduate student in 2004. In 2008, he went to Hongkong University for MPhil degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering with a full scholarship . During this period, he got 2011 Li Ka Shing Prize (best MPhil/PhD thesis award from the University of Hong Kong). In 2010, Zhang Zheng entered Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in MIT for doctorate again with the full scholarship. During his doctoral study, He as the lead author won 2014 Donald O. Pederson Best Paper Award from IEEE Transactions on CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems (the top journal in EDA) as well as 2014 Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Students Abroad. In 2015, he received MIT Microsystems Technology Laboratory (MTL) Doctoral Dissertation Seminar Award, which is the only award of MTL for PhD dissertations. Zhang Zheng’s main research interest is high-dimensional uncertainty quantification and data analysis, the primary application of which is stochastic modeling and simulation of integrated circuits, microelectromechanical systems and silicon photonics that are influenced by significant Nano-scale manufacturing process variations. The recent engineering applications also include analysis of Uncertainty Quantification for power systems and problems about electromagnetic calculation in MRI and high-dimensional data processing.  

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Frank Hu and His Thinking on Top Universities and their Medical Science Development

April 11,2016

 “Could you please share with us your suggestions on how HUST becoming a world first-rate university?”  “How do your group work efficiently and fruitfully? What measures have you taken to attract elites worldwide?”  “what kind of evaluation system is used in Harvard University for assessing the research and clinical performance of a doctor?”   …… On the Q&A session of Frank Hu’s lecture (Chinese known as prof.Hu Bingchang) on March 22th,various questions avalanched to the Lifetime professor of Harvard University, who also is the fellow of the American National Academies of Medicine. Frank Hu has made globally-recognized achievements in the pathogenesis and prevention of diabetes and coronary heart disease, with his papers cited for more than 130,000 times and himself ranked 21st in the H Index (an index for scientists with high citations in the world) in 2016. In his lecture, Prof. Hu Bingchang shared with the audience his experience in Harvard and thinking of first-rate universities and medical science development in new century. Frank Hu introduced the history and current development of the Harvard University and its Medical School (HMS) as well as the relationship between the HMS and its 14 affiliated hospitals and research institutions. He also illustrated the mission of the Harvard University. He remarked: “The Latin word ‘veritas’, embedded on the badge of the Harvard University, means ‘truth’ in English. It is also embedded on the badge of each school of the Harvard University. And seeking truth is the mission of the Harvard University, which is also the ultimate goal for academy.”  “Teaching and learning at the Harvard University, endowed with much freedom, emphasizes developing students’ ability of independent thinking and skills in problem solving.” Hu introduced in detail the teaching and learning of undergraduate and postgraduate programs as well as the development plan for post-doctoral degrees. According to him, teaching and learning at Harvard University features unique teaching methods, excellent teaching assistant system, strict mechanism of selection through competition and flexible group work under special tutorial system. He especially introduced the career pathways courses newly established at the HMS. These courses are mainly aimed at offering each student tailored pathways for career development and personalized curriculum based on their interest. In research, Frank Hu laid emphasis on the research management. He held that the research quality of a university not only depends on the research and innovation ability of the staff, but is closely related to the research management. “The Research Administrations of the HMS, School of Dental Medicine, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health provide comprehensive support for the research staff”, he said. As for Harvard Catalyst effect, Hu said: “It has connected the HMS with hospitals, thus making it possible to build “core labs” through integrating resources and to embark on interdisciplinary research across different institutions. At the end of the lecture, Prof. Hu elaborated on the cutting-edge scientific issue of “Precision Medicine” and provided suggestions for the development of HUST and the Tongji Medical College. At the Q&A session, Prof. Hu gave insightful answers toward questions raised: “To become a first-rate university, special attention should be paid to the university’s development in the next 5 to 10 years. University administrators should recognize where they are standing now but can’t content themselves with it. They should also double their effort in introducing high quality professionals and provide supportive environment for them to develop long-term relationship with the university. Talent Team Construction should be carried out in earnest with emphasis on postgraduate and post-doctoral programs. Interdisciplinary cooperation and cross-school cooperation should also be promoted.” “For research team, sufficient fund is a must. The whole team should strive for inclusiveness, innovation and high-efficiency. And the team leader should take into account the growth of each member. A leader should not only distribute tasks, but help team members achieve success during the group work.” The lecture was presided by Lu Gang, Chancellor of the Party Committee of HUST. 

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Co- Innovation Center for State Governance of Hubei Province Unveiled in HUST

April 11,2016

On March, 24th, the Co- Innovation Center for State Governance of Hubei Province was unveiled in HUST where the Summit on the Ecological Protection and Development Strategy of the Yangtze River was held at the same time. Experts and Scholars from home and abroad gathered to contribute to the promotion of the ecological development of the Yangtze River. In his letter to Summit on the Ecological Protection and Development Strategy of the Yangtze River, Li Hongzhong the Secretary of the CPC Hubei Provincial Committee pointed out that, the Yangtze river basin has become one of the most developed and dynamic regions of Chinese economy with the largest density. Hubei boasts the longest mainline of the Yangtze River and is the core water source region of the middle line of South-to-North water diversion Project. So we should explore a green development route ensuring both economic development and ecological protection of Yangzi River. HUST President Ding Lieyun pointed out that the establishment of the Co-Innovation Center for State Governance of Hubei Province is a symbolic event of HUST. He hoped that the center would become a national thinking tank, offering intelligent support to the economic and social development of Hubei Province and the promotion of state governance modernization. This conference has another importance agenda, namely the expert summit on the ecological protection and development strategy of the Yangtze River. It’s hoped that the attendees had an in-depth discussion on the development of the Yangtze River economic belt and the ecological protection there, contributing their part to the realization of a green Yangtze River. As a conclusion, Prof. Ou Yangkang put forwards the vision for the further conduction of research on the ecological protection of the Yangtze River; firstly, to reflect on the influence of human activities on the biosphere and explore how to achieve the harmonious co-existence of human beings and the nature; secondly, to generalize the historical ideas and strategic planning focusing on the Yangtze River; thirdly, to comb the evolution of ideas for the Yangtze River development and make an in-depth contemplation of the composite effect of the major engineering in the Yangtze River; fourthly, to systematically discover the current problems existing in the protection and development of the Yangtze River; fifthly, to draw on the international experience and lessons and form an international outlook; sixthly, to think about the multifunctional orientation of the Yangtze River; Seventhly, to formulate the top-layer design of the Yangtze River ecological protection and development and cope well with multiple relations, including the relation between protection and development, between benefit and harm, between input and output as well as the relationship among politics, economy, society and ecology, among up reaches, middle reaches and lower reaches, among ecology, life and production and among government, market and society.

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HUST Steps forward in New Antineoplastic Nano-drug

March 29,2016

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that threaten women's health. According to latest statistics from National Cancer Center, the incidence of breast cancer is on rise these years and has higher morbidity among Chinese woman than any other kinds of cancer. Around 15% to 20% of breast cancer is Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC), which is highly malignant and aggressive and can easily spread to lung, brain, bone and other parts of our body. There has been no effective treatment for metastatic TNBC and the prognosis is terrible. On March 14, Nature Biotechnology published a paper online titled "An Injectable Nanoparticle Generator Enhances Delivery of Cancer Therapeutics". Xu Rong, an associate professor from School of Basic Medicine, is the first author. In this research, Xu started from the angle of breaking biological barriers in human body and creatively designed a new nano-drug named iNPG-pDox. Compared with the traditional therapeutic Adriamycin, which can only penetrate one barrier--membranes, iNPG-pDox can penetrate many kinds of biological barriers and targets metastatic tumor of TNBC on lungs effectively due to the unique design. In the model of metastatic tumor of TNBC on mice's lungs, 50% of mice can live for a long time free of cancer after iNPG-pDox treatment. This therapeutic is better than traditional therapeutic in treatment effect and drug safety and is expected to get into clinic research and to benefit patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. The paper drew a lot of attention after published. Science published a report titled "Nano-balls Filled with Poison Wipe out Metastatic Cancer in Mice" in its "latest news" at the same day the paper was published. News media such as Daily Mail and EurekAlert also pay close attention to this research. Details about the paper, please read: http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nbt.3506.html

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HUST Publish Newly-designed Diploma

March 22,2016

It’s required by the MoE that the university diploma would be designed and printed by degree-conferring units since January, 2016. After several months’ hard work, HUST now published the newly-designed diplomas. The new diploma composes of two parts: certificate and envelope. Framed by classic Chinese characters ”Hui”(回),the certificate takes HUST's most representative historic building as the main decoration and takes auspicious clouds as shading, the scroll design as the words’ background. According to the design, auspicious clouds symbolize luck and happiness, the scroll means thriving vitality and the Chinese characters ”Hui”(回) are ordered, rational, concise and simple. The outside of the envelope is gravure-printed with HUST badge and model of written characters. Inside is HUST motto and the view of HUST history museum. The whole design is precise and solemn, not only representing our school well but also blessing our student to have a promising future. New version of diploma adopts standard A4 paper and different degrees are distinguished by colors including red, blue and purple. The bachelor's degree uses red color which symbolizes passion and vitality; the master's degree uses blue color which symbolizes calmness and adultness; the doctorate uses purple color which symbolizes restrained dignity and quality of elite. New version of diploma adopts dedicated anti-counterfeiting watermarked paper. The anti-counterfeiting word "HUST" can be detected against the light. At the same time, it also adopts multiple anti-counterfeiting printing technology including embossed shading, micro-lettering and colored fluorescent.        

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Prof. Wu Yanqing Made Headway in New 2D Semiconductor

March 21,2016

On March 10th, a paper titled Broadband Black-Phosphorus Photodetectors with High Responsivity produced by research group led by Prof. Wu Yanqing, a“Thousand Young Talents” scholar from Wuhan National High Magnetic Field Center, was published online by Advanced Materials (IF 17.493, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201506352), a top international journal. Black Phosphorus is a novel two dimensional (2D) material discovered in recent years with a direct bandgap and high-mobility, which makes it an appealing candidate for future application in electronic and optoelectronic devices. In present work, we fabricated Black Phosphorus field-effect transistors (BP FETs) via nanofabrication, these devices have different channel lengths among which the minimum length reaches 100 nm. Our research has shown that the photoresponsivity of BP FET is in inverse proportion to square of the channel length, a 100 nm device shows a record-high responsivity at room temperature. Upon illumination of laser light with a wavelength of 633 nm, the BP FET with 100 nm channel length shows a photoresponsivity reaching 4.3×106 A/W, which is the highest responsivity of BP FETs all around the globe. Also, these performance parameters are among the best in the 2D materials-based photodetectors reported so far. Contrasting with other photodetectors, the BP FETs can demonstrate high responsivity in a broadband spectral range. For example, the photoresponsivity reaches above 103 A/W when illuminated with 900 nm near-infrared laser light. In addition, for the first time, we carried out a low-temperature detection with BP FETs and a systematic analysis for the significant improvement in responsivity and quantum efficiency contrasting with those at room temperature. The first author in this paper is doctoral student Huang Mingqiang from School of Physics in 2013 grade. In addition, on February 14th, another paper produced by the research group led by Prof. Wu Qingyan was published online by Nanoscale (DOI: .1039/C5NR06647F), a journal affiliated to Royal Society of Chemistry, which is titled Mechanisms of current fluctuation in ambipolar black phosphorus field-effect transistors. In this work, we conducted our research on the electronic transport and noise mechanism of ambipolar black phosphorus field-effect transistors (ambipolar BP FET) at different temperatures. The results show that BP FET exhibits clear ambipolar behavior, i.e., the dominated noise mechanism of the BP pFETs is carrier number, while the one of BP nFETs is mobility fluctuation. This means significantly on both theory and practice for furthering the development and application of layered BP semiconductor. The above scientific research work is funded by Thousand Talents Plan initialed by the Organization Department of the Central Committee of the CPC, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, etc.

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HUST Made Breakthrough on Topological Quantum States

March 21,2016

  On February 24th, Professor Ying-Shuang Fu in School of Physics and his team made breakthrough in research on topological quantum states by publishing in Nature Communications, entitled as “Observation of Zeeman effect in topological surface state with distinct material dependence”. Solids are classified into metals, semiconductors and insulators according to their difference in electrical conductivity. This classification is well-understood under the frame of solid band theory. Insulators process a band gap and thus no flowing electrons exist in the gap that contributes to conductivity. Recently, topological insulators are discovered, which expand our understanding beyond the well-established band theory. In such materials, while the inside bulk is insulating, a metallic surface state emerges on the surface. The so-called topological surface state is guaranteed to exist due to the special topological symmetry of the band. Intriguingly, the electrons of the topological surface state are massless, and have absent spin degeneracy. Manipulating spins of the topological surface state can drive the electrons massive, which leads to novel quantum physical phenomena and exciting potential applications. As a consequence, the study of topological materials has become one of the most forefront researches in condensed matter physics and material science. Currently, the spins of the topological surface state are manipulated via doping the topological insulator compounds with magnetic atoms. The method has proven very effective, but it causes problems such as inhomogeneity and weakened spin-orbit coupling. By applying an external magnetic field, the spins are manipulated through their coupling to the magnetic field, which effect is known as Zeeman effect. Since the external magnetic field is precisely controllable and homogeneously distributed over the topological insulator compounds, this approach has obvious advantages over that of the magnetic doping. However, the topological insulator samples are not perfect. They contain defects that charge the crystals. This brings difficulties to the observation of the Zeeman effect by conventional quantum oscillation measurements, and the reported results are thus largely controversial.  Ying-Shuang Fu and his team developed a real-space spectroscopic imaging technique based on scanning tunneling microscopy. With this technique, they directly probed the zero-mode state due to the orbital quantization caused by the magnetic field. According to the theoretical understanding, such a state exhibits the most prominent Zeeman effect, but hardly measurable by the afore mentioned quantum oscillation methods. They constructed a model which excludes the extrinsic effects originating from the potential fluctuations and non-ideal band dispersions of the actual topological materials. This allows them to unambiguously observed the Zeeman effect. They applied this technique to two topological materials Bi2Se3 and Sb2Te2Se. The two materials exhibit distinctly different surface g-factor, which is a proportion prefactor characterizing the Zeeman coupling strength (Figure 2). This remarkable result not only sets a foundation for its further theoretical advancements but also opens up a new knob in controlling the topological surface state. Ying-Shuang Fu joined School of Physics of HUST as a professor in August of 2014.  He was selected as one of the “Thousand Youth Talents” in 2014, and was granted the “National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scientist” in 2015. He has been working in the fields of low dimensional quantum systems, spin manipulation of single quantum states and novel effects in quantum materials, whose obtained research results have attracted wide attention. The paper introduced above is another breakthrough in topological quantum states after his last publication in Nature Physics in December of 2014. This work is supported by the National Thousand Youth Talents Program, the HUST Talent Fund, and the General Program of National Science Foundation of China.  

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Wang Xiaopeng: the Thousand Talents Plan entrepreneur from the Dian Team

March 16,2016

Wang Xiaopeng (Dr. Leo Wang),  a veteran member of HUST Dian Team, ranks No.1 on the recently-published entrepreneurs list of the 12th Thousand Talents Plan for his achievement in iris recognition. Born in 1980s, Wang Xiaopeng enrolled at the Department of Electronics and Information Engineering of HUST in 1999. It was at that time that he joined the Dian Team. In 2010,  Wang Xiaopeng created Eyesmart Technology Ltd., a company focusing on iris recognition technology. Eyesmart holds independent intellectual property rights to iris recognition products and application solutions for high tech companies. In movie Mission Impossible, when Tom Cruise is assigned a new mission, he needs to get his ID confirmed by drawing near to a device with red light scanning over his eye. That is Iris Recognition Technology, which is accurate and precise in ID recognition because people’s irises are unique  and will not change over time.Forgery and counterfeiting are made difficult. Passwords, fingerprints recognition, face recognition…the technology for identification has been changing dramatically . Nowadays, the technology which used to exist only in movies has become real-life products such as iris recognition locks and cellphones, we are already at the threshold of Iris Recognition Times . Wang Xiaopeng demonstrated a sample iris cellphone in Wang Jing Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in Beijing. Different from traditional unlocking methods, like passwords or fingerprints unlocking, this cellphone can be unlocked merely by a blink from its owner. As Wang Xiaopeng explained, the iris is a circular structure between the black pupil and white sclera in the eye, which contains many detailed features like spots, threads, coronary shapes, stripes, and crypts. Eighteen months after infants are born, their irises will not undergo any environmental changes in their lifetimes.  Compared with other identification technologies, like fingerprints and face recognition, iris recognition is contactless, more precise and unable to be replicated, which means it performs much better in recognition and encryption.  “Almost everyone believes iris recognition needs to get your eye close to the recognition device, well, it’s actually a myth generalized from some Hollywood blockbusters. The iris camera designed by Eyesmart Technology can adjust its angle automatically according to the heights of the users, the maximum image-grabbing distance reaches as far as 15 meters from the camera. Thus, Iris recognition can be done by a single blink from the users.” Wang Xiaopeng said, besides the improvement on recognition distance and speed, Eyesmart Technology takes the lead in overcoming the obstacles of miniaturizing iris devices, dramatically cutting the cost of production, and developing cellphone-based iris recognition system. Now, Eyesmart Technology owns more than 50 independent intellectual property rights and patents.  In 1999, with the flowering of electronics and information technology in China, Wang Xiaopeng was admitted to the Department of Electronics and Information in HUST. After his graduation, Wang Xiaopeng went to the Signal and Image Processing Lab of Bath University in UK and attained a doctoral degree of digital image processing in 2006. Also, he participated in the Sixth Framework Programme for Research of European Robotics Association. Furthermore, he worked in the headquarters of ARM (Acorn RISC Machine) in Cambridge. Then, he worked in the upstream R&D headquarters of Royal Dutch Shell. In 2008, the Chinese Olympic Committee invited Wang Xiaopeng as an expert advisor during Beijing Olympics. When Wang Xiaopeng came back to China with his team members, he was taken aback by the drastic change happened in Beijing. China initiated The Thousand Talents Plan at the end of 2008, bringing in lots of overseas top talents to China. Like any entrepreneur who craved success, Wang Xiaopeng began to think about embarking on some new career. “I thought I should give it a shot, I was 28, all I wanted to do was to see if I can also be somebody before I was 35.” He said with smile. After an in-depth conversation with his partner Xu Hefei, they spent some time on a weekend and wrote a business plan. On  Christmas Eve of 2010, Wang Xiaopeng  boarded a flight to China.  “Iris recognition was considered as the most promising technology for biometric identification in 21st century. It was highly commercialized overseas while barely used in China. I got sufficient technology reserve and human resources. I believed it’s worth the stretch.” Since returning to China in 2010, Wang Xiaopeng created EyeSmart Technology Ltd in Beijing. The company is mainly engaged in iris biometric algorithm, software, products, EyeCloud research and development and the iris SoC chip design. With years of efforts, together with his team members, he miniaturized the iris recognition devices of dictionary size to mung bean size. Also, the price of such devices decreased from tens of thousands yuan to several hundred yuan, which democratized iris recognition technology. In the areas of medicine, aviation, and finance, an iris recognition product costs tens of thousands. While in 2014, Eyesmart Technology released a product called secret box together with JD (Chinese e-commerce giant) crowdfunding platform. When Secret Box is connected to a computer, the users can encrypt via iris camera instead of using traditional passwords. What’s notable is its minimum price is only 199 yuan. “Everyone got  accounts and passwords, the traditional encryption is time-consuming and obnoxious. It’s very likely to get into trouble. I myself forgot the password of my doctoral dissertation in 2003, that’s very disturbing for me.” Wang Xiaopeng said, the initial iris recognition product was as big as an Oxford dictionary, is was believed that size was almost the limitation on miniaturizing, but they never gave up and determined to design a democratized miniature iris product for an affordable price. When cooperating with the Minister of Public Security of PRC, Wang Xiaopeng found that China suffered pervasive child-trafficking. In 2012, Eyesmart Technology established a database of children’s irises with Tongren Hospital. Parents can take their children to special hospitals for iris recognition, and the data will be uploaded to the public security bureau’s database. Now we can identify the lost children by scanning  irises. This application is supported by the Clinton Foundation and free to the public. In 2014, Eyesmart Technology first released an iris recognition hardware product, iris recogniton USB flash drive. At the beginning of 2015, Eyesmart released iris recognition cellphone and laptop with Intel Corp., Lenovo Corp..It also cooperate with Minsheng Bank which plans to provide a comprehensive solution for iris recognition financial transactions. This is what Wang Xiaopeng pictured about future scenarios, a world where people can withdraw cash in front of an ATM or go through security check at the airport only with his iris recognized,  people open the door only with a blink. What role will Eyesmart Technology play in a world like that? Wang Xiaopeng said, in the age of desk-top, many technological products are labelled Intel Inside, while in the age of iris recognition, he expects all the iris products in different areas are labelled Eyesmart Inside.  

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Research Group Led by Professor Zhou Zhibin Published A Paper on Angrew. Chem. Int. Ed.

March 15,2016

On January 14th , a research paper entitled Single Lithium-Ion Conducting Polymer Electrolytes Based on a Super-Delocalized Polyanion, composed by the research group led by Professor Zhou Zhibin and Professor Nie Jin at the School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, was published on Angrew. Chem. Int. Ed.,(55,2521-2525 IF:11.3),a top international journal in Chemistry. To address the current problems associated with single lithium-ion conducting solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) in  low ionic conductivity, which hinders its application into rechargeable lithium batteries and in the ambient temperature region Lithium batteries, the researchers elegantly propose a super-conjugate structure of perfluorinated sulfonimide anion with super-delocalized negative charge distribution and high flexibility, through introducing the functional group of electron-withdrawing perfluoralkyl sulfonimino group  into the classic sulfonimide anion. This significantly enhances the disassociation ability of lithium ions and promotes the motion of polymer chain, thereby significantly enhancing the ionic conductivity of the single Li-ion conducting SPEs. Li-ion conductivity of the SPE prepared is as high as 10(-4)s/cm at 70℃, which is among those with the highest Li-ion conductivity reported so far and comparable with the classic ambipolar LiTFSI/PEO SPEs in terms of Li-ion conductivity. Thanks to the advantages bestowed by solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs), such as high safety, excellent mechanical flexibility, easy processing, as well as functions as both electrolytes and  separator, researches on the basic science and applied technology in the arena of all-solid-state lithium polymer batteries have been carried out worldwide over the past 30 years, in the hope of ultimately resolving the safety issues in state-of-art Li-ion batteries based on organic liquid electrolytes. Recently, great breakthroughs have made in the application of lithium polymer batteries. Since 2011, recycled solid polymer lithium batteries have been applied as power source to over 4000 Autolibs (an electric car sharing service based in Paris at the first phase of application) electric automobiles in demonstrative operations in France, German and Singapore. However, the solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) being used are double ionic conductors, in which the anions that does not contribute to the electrochemical storage and conversion is mobile. During the discharge of battery, the transportation of anion results in concentration gradients of the salt and cell polarization, finally causing premature battery failure. It is well understood that one of the best solutions to the above-mentioned problem is to immobilize the anions through polymerization reaction so as to achieve the single Li-ion conducting solid polymer electrolytes. It is one of the hot research areas for the next-generation solid lithium battery technology.The paper was lead-authored by Ma Qiang, a Grade 2014 Ph.D student, with the joint effort of Professor Hu Yongsheng, researcher from the Institute of Physics of CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences) and Professor Michel Armand from the European Energy Research Center, Spain. In fact, over the 20 years’ dedication to the research on the methodology of efficient fluorination and its application in the preparation of the electrolyte material for Li battery, research group led by Professor Zhou Zhibin and Professor Nie Jin have achieved promising results in the field of lithium salt electrolyte materials, arousing the interest and applauding of Li battery industry.

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Novel Biomarkers to Identify Conversion of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus into Alzheimer’s Disease

March 02,2016

  Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of senile dementia, and the prevalence is increasing with population aging. When the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is made, it is too late to be curable. Therefore, an early diagnosis is extremely important for intervention. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is also an age-associated disorder, and  patients with T2DM show a significantly increased risk to suffer  Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, searching for biomarkers that can predict conversion of T2DM into Alzheimer’s disease makes it possible to start an early intervention, and eventually reduces the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease. In a paper published online in the journal of EBioMedicine (please see at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352396416300457, or at doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2016.02.014), prof. Jian-Zhi Wang’s team at Huazhong University of Science and Technology reported that alterations of several circulating molecules, olfactory function and age are correlated with a mild cognitive impairment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the combination of these different factors can improve the diagnostic accuracy. These findings shed light on the early prediction among the T2DM population who will develop Alzheimer’s disease and thus enable early intervention to this currently incurable neurodegenerative disorder. Prof. Jian-Zhi Wang says that the current clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease has been made by using different cognitive tests, but these measures are subjective and dissimilar scores can be received by different doctors even with the same patient. Recent studies have validated that brain amyloidosis and neurodegeneration can serve as biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease. However, measuring these biomarkers need positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which are not affordable by many while brain and CSF samples for biochemical analyses are appropriate for living patients. Efforts for measurement of plasma Aβ have also shown contradictory results. Therefore, there is an urgent need for developing objective, noninvasive, affordable and readily-accessible biomarkers/methods for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Through a four and half years multicenter, retrospective, nested case-control study, prof. Jian-Zhi Wang’s team discovered that activation of the peripheral circulating GSK-3b, expression of ApoE ε4, dysfunction of the olfactory function, and aging are diagnostic for the mild cognitive impairment in T2DM patients, and combination of these factors can significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy. They also developed a simple protocol for measuring the total and the inactivated form of GSK-3b in human platelets. As the method is simple and easy to operate with low cost and good repeatability, it is suitable for application in clinical laboratories. Prof. Jian-Zhi Wang is very excited with this translational research, nonetheless, she also points out the limitation or the further direction of the current study: “although we have designed training set and validation set respectively to assure the biomarkers in diagnosing cognitive impairments, further longitudinal studies are needed to confirm how informative these biomarkers in predicting the conversion of T2DM into Alzheimer’s disease”.  

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Professor Wei Shouping’s Team Made Breakthroughs in Oversize Hydro Turbine Control Equipment

March 02,2016

With the continual construction of oversize hydroelctronic projects such as the Three Gorges Dam, Xiluodu Hydropower Station and Xiangjia Dam, Chinese ovesize hydroelctronic generating set has accounted for 60% of the world’s total. But for a long time,control systems for hydro turbine , the core control equipment of oversize hydroelectric generating set relies totally on imports. On Jan, 8th, the project conducted by Professor Wei Shouping’s team- The Critical Technology ,Complet Set of Equipment & Industrialization of Oversize Hydro Turbine Control System won the National Second Award for Science and Technology Progress. This project not only breaks the long term foreign monopoly of the core technology of oversize hydroelectronic generating set, but also made many innovations. The control system for oversize hydro turbine  consists of three parts: the water diversion system, hydro turbine, power generator and grid & load. The control system for oversize hydro turbine  adjust the guide vane and blades of hydra turbines that control the power output of the generating set. In use, hydro turbine control system must maintain a good control performance, control the generating set quickly and steadily and serve the grid. It can work continuously for several months with a strict requirement for control performance and reliability. However, for a long time, China has failed to grasp its core technology. With the ever increasing capacity of hydro turbine generating set, foreign hydro turbine control technology has failed to keep pace with the development of hydroelectronic generating set. Problems such as slow reaction speed, great fluctuation in the adjustment process and obliged halt emerge one after another, even triggering the tragedy of Samnang Hydropower Station. Oversize hydro turbine control has emerged as a major problem to the safe and highly-efficient operation of hydroelectronic generating set. Since 1982, Prof.Wei Shouping’s team has been devoted to  theory,research and development of microcomputer hydro tubine control sysytems. In the past 30 years, the team has made innovations in the three sub systems of hydro turbine control system: adjustment,transfer and hydraulic machinery. In terms of the adjustment technology, the team found the reason for inaccuracy of the application of hydroelectronic generating set classical model in oversize hydroturbine control sysytem design and put forward a new grid combining equivalent damping model and the reservoir-generating set-grid coupling analysis model.Therefore, the team further researched and developped a new adaptive adjustment technology and hydro turbine adaptive microcomputer adjuster, achieving a quick and steady adjustment to various kinds of generating sets as well as engineering environments. In terms of transfer system and the hydraulic machinery with a strict requirement for performance, Prof.Wei’s team made even more innovations.In making up the complete set of equipment, Prof,Wei’s team invented the module level crossing redundant dual microcomputer governor, improving the reliability of the system. Thanks to the innovation in comprehensive technology, theory and equipment, the team finally developped the complete set of equipment of Asymmetric redundancy control system of oversize hydro turbine with a brand new mechanism, achieving the innovation in the complete set of equipment of oversize hydro turbine control system with Chinese characteristics. The innovation in technology and equipment further pushes forwards the development of theory. In the past 30 years, Prof.Wei Shouping’s team published nearly 40 academic papers in this area. Besides, he also published 4 monographs, thus establishing a complete system of hydro turbine control system from theoretical analysis, optimum design, product development to engineering application. Prof.Wei thinks that the most daunting period of R & D is in the 1980s.“ At that time, we didn’t have computers with such a high performance. All our work relies on a  Z-80 single board computer”, recalled the Professor, debugging the programme by a single board computer is rather difficult, not only is the capacity limited but also the input and change of programme is not as easy as the operation in current computers. With the rapid developement of information technology, Professor Wei’s team pioneered in using the programmable controller and module level crossing redundant dual microcomputer governor with a comprehensive grasp of the hydro turbine control technology. And in 2003, their technology was firstly applied in Ertan Hydropower Station with the largest generation set capacity of 550,000 kw in China, successfully replacing the microcomputer control system of the 6 imported sets of equipment. In 2009, the hydro turbine control system developped by Professor Wei’s team was applied in the Goupitan 600,000 Kw generating set, taking the lead in the application of national industralized complete set of equipment in oversize generating set. In the next five years, this system was successively in the Three Gorges 770,000 Kw generating set, Xiluodu 770,000 Kw generating set and Xiangjia Dam 800,000 Kw generating set with the world’s largest unit capacity. Since 2009, the equipment developped by the team has occupied 65% of the domestic market share of the complet set equipment of oversize hydro turbine, its completing unit ranks the first among the global enterprises supplying a complet set of equipment of over 700,000 Kw. Nearly 900 sets of equipment have been exported to nearly 40 countries including Russian Federation, Brazil and Great Britain with an added tax revenue of 200 billion yuan in the past three years.  

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Research Group Led by Professor Xia Fan Made Breakthroughs in Biosensor Studies

March 02,2016

On January 20th, a paper titled Functional “Janus” Annulus in Confined Channels, co-produced by research groups respectively led by Prof. Dr. Xia Fan from the School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (SCCE) and Prof. Dr. Zhai Tianyou from the School of Material Science and Engineering published in the Advanced Materials (Adv. Mater. 2016, 28, 460-465. IF 17.493), a top international journal.   In present work, for the first time, we develop a procedure to decorate Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on the internal surface of confined channels in anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes. The scattering AuNPs is with three geometric dimensions in nanoscale and found abundantly in the confined AAO channels. All AuNPs are sole in the annulus they inhabit and form a distinct interface with its uncovered AAO interface. The annulus consisting of the two different interface form a "Janus" structure and indendified as "Janus" annulus. Thanks to the confinedspaces (<10 nm) and ion perm selectivity by AuNPs decoration, the "Janus" annulus is endowed with a new function to characterize the self-assembly and hybridization by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which further distinguishes the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), particularly including terminal base polymorphisms, of a linear DNA chain. The first author in this paper is Dr. Pengcheng Gao, a postdoc from Prof. Xia’s group. Prof. Dr Xia Fan (as below), who obtained his Bachelor’s Degree at SCCE of Hust, was introducedby SCCE in 2012 as one of the “Thousand Young Talents” (an official program designated by the Department of Organization of CPC Central Committee to introduce overseas young scholars). Through years of hard work, Prof. Dr. Xia Fan was officially granted the “National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars” in 2015, becoming the first winner in SCCE. Recently, scientific papers produced by Professor Xia Fan’s research group have improved in quality significantly with many of them successively published on top SCI-recognized journals such as Advanced Materials and NPG Asia Materials. Despite the existing heavy researches on diabetes detection in medical science, Prof. Dr Xia’s research group designated using a special aggregation-induced emission (AIE) molecule, which can interact specifically with glucose in an oligomerization reaction. This reaction can lead to the formation of oligomers which, when used in a nanochannel, open and close the channel via an “onion-like” intermediate state, reflecting the gating mechanism of molecules within the channel lumen. Based on these observations, they proposed a novel “onion-like” gating mechanism. Simultaneously, the AIE, stimulated after its aggregation with glucose, produces highly-luminescent fluorescence which in turn, serves as a more efficient means for detecting glucose in experiments. This novel dual-sign-output nanochannels system which involves the combination of ion current signal (used in old detection method) and the molecule fluorescence imaging, has been put into good use in the clinical test of diabetes patients’ urine specimens. And the paper Coordination of Electrical and Optical Signals Revealing the Nanochannel with “Onion-like” Gating Mechanism and its Sensing Application accomplished by doctoral student Xu Xuemei in 2015 grade under the guidance of associate professor Dr. Lou Xiaoding from the Prof. Dr. Xia’s research group, is published online by NPG Asia Materials. In addition, the serial papers accomplished by doctoral student Zhuang Yuan in 2015 grade (from Professor Xia’s group), under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Xia Fan and associate Professor Dr. Lou Xiaoding, are published on Analytical Chemistry, a journal affiliated to the American Chemical Society (a professional organization in Chemistry). Among the papers, Real-Time, Quantitative Lighting-up Detection of Telomerase in Urines of Bladder Cancer Patients by AIEgens and Quencher Group Induced High Specificity Detection of Telomerase in Clear and Bloody Urines by AIEgens are selected and recommended by Global Medical Discovery (GMD) [ISSN 1929-8536] (http://globalmedicaldiscovery.com), a Canada-based medical research news company, to be published as a key medical diagnostics article. These papers proposed a new method of high efficiency, high sensitivity and high specifity for detecting the activity of telomerase and thereby provided such a new approach to selecting anti-cancer medicines and applying telomerase in cancer diagnostics. The method has been attested by over a hundred patients’ urine specimens. It is mentioned that the above scientific research work is funded by various institutions including the Department of Organization of CPC Central Committee, Ministry of Science and Technology of P. R. C, National Natural Science Foundation of China and the Huazhong University of Science and Technology etc.  

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Winter Camp on Nursing Exchange Closed in HUST

February 26,2016

On Jan.23th, the winter camp on nursing exchange of the University of Sydney was closed in HUST. 22 teachers and students in the Nursing School of University of Sydney conducted an unforgettable two-week-long exchange in HUST from Jan.10th to Jan.23th. During the exchange, the 22 teachers and students in the Nursing School of University of Sydney had a wide exchange and interaction with their counterparts in HUST. They paid a visit to the lab of Department of Nursing in HUST and conducted clinical probation in different departments of Union Hospital and Tongji Hospital. They also went to Wuhan Mental Health Center to acquaint themselves with the development of mental nursing in China and to the apartment for old people in Jianghan District of Wuhan to get to know the new model of providing for the elderly combining medical treatment and nursing. They also conducted community nursing probation in HUST campus hospital to get to know the community health service in China. The two-week-long exchange also offered them the opportunity to appreciate the history and culture of Hubei and the colorful citizen life there. It’s introduced that the education and nursing program in University of Sydney enjoys great prestige, known as the largest nurse training school in the southern hemisphere. In 2011, HUST and The University of Sydney signed a formal agreement on the academic exchange in nursing between the two universities. So far, altogether 65 people in the two universities have participated in the internationalized course teaching on nursing and the reciprocal exchange program.

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Research on Sodium Ion Energy Storage Battery Progressed

January 11,2016

Developing cost-efficient and high-performance electrochemical energy storage material and technology will greatly facilitate the large-scale application of energy storage battery technology in power system and overcome the bottleneck in smart grid development. Prof. Jiangkai and researcher Wang Kangli from High Magnetic Field Engineering & State Key Lab of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage have been devoted to the research on the new energy storage battery. On October 2nd, their latest research achievement, the paper titled Sulfur-doped Disordered Carbon as High Performance Anode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries was published in Energy & Environmental Science ,the top periodical under the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK. With the same working mechanism as Lithium ion battery, sodium ion battery has a promising prospect of application in large-scale energy storage for the wide sources of sodium and its low cost. However the radius of sodium ion is much larger than that of lithium ion so it’s very difficult to develop appropriate sodium doped electrode. For example, graphite anode can be widely used in commercialized Lithium ion battery while not in sodium ion battery. However disordered carbon like MCMB, carbon fiber and pyrolytic carbon only have a capacity of 100-250 mAh g-1 as the anode material of sodium ion battery, much lower than the required capacity. With the small molecule NTCDA and elementary substance sulfur as raw material, the lab obtained the disordered carbon doped with sulfur through high temperature pyrolysis and for the first time used it as the anode material of sodium ion battery. The material boasts a reversible capacity as high as 516 516 mAh g-1 and a cycling stability rate as high as 85.9%, the anode material with the best comprehensive performance till now.  The research on the material’s electrochemical reaction mechanism proved that sulfur as the doped atom could provide partial capacity (~200 mAh g-1)through its own oxidation-reduction reaction. Besides, compared with the porous carbon not doped with sulfur, there is an obvious improvement of in the layer spacing (002 crystal face), specific surface area and conductivity, which further proved that sulfur doping could effectively activate carbon materials and the coordination between sulfur and carbon can greatly improve the performance of carbon material in sodium ion battery. The research pinpointed the new direction to develop sodium ion battery with high capacity, high efficiency and high cycling stability. It's introduced that New Key Lab of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage has also made new headway in other aspects of their research on the electrode materials of sodium ion battery. For example, it synthesized the titanium-oxygen-sodium ion battery with high reversible capability, excellent cycling stability and rate capability through molten salt electrochemical approach. It synthesized the Sb2Se3/C composite sodium ion battery alloy anode material with high reversible capability and excellent cycling stability; in terms of the organic electrode material of sodium ion battery, it synthesized the cathode material doped with macromolecular compound, which can not only change the charge-discharge mechanism of ordinary macro molecular compound cathode material to sodium ion deintercalation from PF6- doping but also solve the problem that most macromolecular compounds don't contain sodium, which provided new insights in developing clean and inexpensive macromolecular compound electrode materials. New Key Lab of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage was co-established and supported by High Magnetic Field engineering- New Technology State Key Lab and  School of Material Science & Engineering,HUST. It’s committed to the research on new energy materials including the basic and application research on low-cost liquid metal battery, sodium ion battery and lithium-sulfur battery.    

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Sino-German Natural Products Bilateral Seminar Held

January 11,2016

During October 1 to October 6, Sino-Germany Natural Product Bilateral Seminar was held in College of Pharmacy, Tongji Medical College. The impacts and issues of natural products have been detailed discussed among 11 German scholars and 24 Chinese scholars. The seminar was sponsored by the Sino-German Center for Research Promotion and was hosted by College of Pharmacy of HUST, Philipps-Universitat Marburg and Nanjing University. With 35 plenary lectures the seminar demonstrated the latest development in the fields of new natural product discovery, biological function, biosynthesis and chemosynthesis. The face-to-face discussion will doubtlessly promote the academic communication between the experts home and abroad. During the conference, Vice President Ma Jianhui met with Professor Micheal Keusge, dean of the College of Pharmacy, Philipps-Universitat Marburg, Professor Tan Renxiang and Professor Li Shuming. After the conference, Vice-President Chen Jianguo met with Professor Ulrich Koert, Vice-President of Philipps-Universitat Marburg in charge of scientific research and foreign affairs, and had deep conversation about student training, scientific research and international communication, laying a solid foundation for substantial cooperation between two universities.  

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WNLO Scholars Provide New Clues to the Pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease

January 11,2016

In all neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson's disease is the second most harmful one only after Alzheimer's disease. The pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease is still unclear and the ideal cure hasn’t been found. The typical clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease are motor dysfunction and cognitive disorder, especially the damages on the motor skill learning and memory ability. It’s not yet verified that if this kind of disorders is caused by anomalous changes of the plasticity of motor cortex. On August 26, written by Xu TongHui, the professor of Biomedical Photonics Functional Laboratory in WNLO, and Ding Jun, the professor of Stanford University, the paper Dynamic Rewiring of Neural Circuits in the Motor Cortex in Mouse Models of Parkinson’s disease was published on Nature Neuroscience. The paper was also presented as a highlight work with an introductory article in column News and Views written by Professor Paolo Calabresi and Doctor Di Filippo, authorities in the field of Parkinson's disease research. The article pointed out that “A laudable aspect of the work by Guo et al. is its study of spine plasticity from both the functional and structural point of view, outside the basal ganglia, and its insight into the dynamic features of spines plasticity in the motor cortex of PD models”. Guo LiLi and Xiong Huan, two PhD candidates of Biomedical Engineering in HUST since 2011, are both first authors of the paper and PhD candidates Cui YuTing and Shu Yu participated in this work as well. In their study, using Two-photon neural circuit in vivo imaging technology, Xu TongHui and his group proved the abnormality in the plasticity of the Parkinson's disease mice’s brain motor cortex neural circuits, discovered the massive lost and formation of the synapses----the basic structural units to transmit neural signal, and found out that this two-way change was mediated by different signal pathways of neurotransmitter dopamine. Using electrophysiological recording technique, Ding Jun and his group discovered the dysfunction of the Parkinson's disease mice’s brain motor cortex. The result demonstrated the abnormal changes in the structure and function of Parkinson animal modles’ brains and the correspondence between these changes.  The researchers also carried out the behavior experiments and made a preliminary demonstration on the mechanism of motor skill learning and memory impairment in Parkinson's disease. These results provide not only new clues to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease but also the direct and potent evidence for using motor cortex as a new target spot to treat this disease. This work is financed by NSFC (Natural Science Foundation of China), NSFI (National Science Foundation of Innovation), National Major Scientific Instruments and Equipment Development Projects, Director Fund of Laboratory for Optoelectronics, and School Fund of HUST ( International Technology Cooperation Special Project).

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Pan An: Smoking Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases to People with Diabetes

January 11,2016

Smoking poses a global challenge to public health, whose harm is well known by all, especially that it will greatly increase the risk of cancer(particularlly lung cancer) and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is little knowledge about the relation between smoking and diabetes.   Recently, Professor Pan An and his colleagues from School of public health, Tongji Medical School successively published academic papers in Circulation ( IF 14.95) and The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology( IF 9.19) to systematically illustrate the relation between smoking & diabetes as well as the harm smoking may do to patients with diabetes.   On Angust 26th, the paper titled Relation of smoking with total mortality and cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes: a meta-analysis and systematic review was published on Circulation authored by Pan An and his colleagues. The paper made a detailed analysis of the data of 89 teams’ research. It turned out that for patients with diabetes, smoking considerably increases their risk of suffering from all kinds of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary atherosclerotic heart disease,cerebral apoplexy, peripheral vascular disease and heart failure etc. It also enhance the risk of total mortality and death caused by cardiovascular diseases. However these risks will drop prominently after smoking is quit, which indicates the importance of quiting smoking for patients with diabetes. So for them, quitting smoking is a main target for diabetes control.   On Sept 18th, the paper named Relation of active, passive, and quitting smoking with incident type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis was published on The Lancet, in which Pan summarized the data of 600 people from 88 team’s research. It turned out that compared with non-smokers, active smoking increases the risk of diabetes by 37%, however after quiting smoking, the rate will drop to 14%. Among non-smokers, secondhand smoking increases the risk of diabetes by 22%. The paper also pointed out that there is a dose reaction relation between the extent of smoking and the risk of diabetes, which means that the more you smoke, the higher your risk of developing diabetes will be. Another important discovery is that within a short time( 5 years) after quitting smoking, the risk of diabetes may not decrease, however in a long time, the risk will drop prominently to the level of non-smokers. In a short time, quitting smoking may lead to weight gain, influence blood sugar control and change metabolism, which smoking quitters should attach great importance to. Further research also requires exploring its mechanism and take corresponding measures. According to the latest survey on the global smoking condition and diabetes, the authors estimate that diabetes cases arising from smoking have reached 27,800,000( taking up 11.7% of male diabetes patients and 2.4 of female ones) However, nearly half men in China smoke so the rate of diabetes arising from smoking is even higher.    The two papers made a systematic analysis of the relation between smoking and diabetes, they are at present the most comprehensive analysis on this topic in the world. The papers illustrated the harm smoking does to patients with diabetes and provided scientific evidence for a comprehensive realization of the importance of smoking control and the future cigarette control policy. However, for the Chinese, tobacco is also a great problem of public health. The harm smoking and secondhand smoking may cause such as leading to cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes should also be widely concerned.    Co- authors of these two papers include Professor Wu Tangchun from School of Public Health, Professor Frank Hu from School of Public Health, Harvard University, Wang Yeli and Mohammad Talaei ,Ph.D student from School of Public Health, National University of Singapore. Professor Pan An is a Young-overseas-high-level-talents-introduction-plan scholar. He got his Ph.D in 2009. From 2009 to 2012 he was in Harvard University for academic exchanges and in the next three years, he worked in School of Public HealthNational University of Singapore as assistant professor and Ph.D instructor. For a long time, Pan has been devoted to the research on epidemiology of chronic metabolic diseases like diabetes. In recent years, he has published over 35 academic papers in the top magazines of the international medical circle including New England Journal of Medicine, NEJM and Journal of American Medical Association, JAMA.  

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1,000 contestants competed application skill of Building Information Modeling (BIM)

December 21,2015

Designing the model and handing in the data, more than 1,000 contestants gathered in Optical valley Stadium and used more than 500 computers to compete their application skill of Building Information Modeling(IBM). From May 9th to 10th, the final of the 6th National Sware BIM application competition was held in HUST and Harbin Institute of Technology simultaneously. 320 teams from 317 universities in China participated in the competition. The competition is hosted by China Association of Construction Education and organized by Shenzhen Tsinghua Sware Software Hi-Tech Co., Ltd, Harbin Institute of Technology and HUST. HUST Academic Affairs Office, League Committee, Secutity Departemnt, Logistics Group, PE department, Art Group and School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics actively assisted and supported the convening of the competition. Nearly 100 volunteers from School of civil Engineering and Mechanics made their contributions to the competition by successfully undertaking the work of reception and abutment. HUST Vice President Duan Xianzhong attended and addressed the opening ceremony. National University Sware BIM  Software Modeling Competition is a competition based on BIM and completed through the cooperation of students majoring architecture, civil engineering, architecture facility and engineering management who play the role of the designer, cost engineer,and constructor respectively in the industrial chain with the idea of coordination. It requires students in different majors to cooperate and coordinate, thus breaking the isolated island of information and achieving the BIM idea of shared information and coordinated work in the construction industry.

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The Project of Precise Gravity Measurement –a National Major Science and Technology Infrastructure Established

December 21,2015

On May 5th, National Development and Reform Committee officially approved the proposal of precise gravity measurement research facility as a national major science and technology infrastructure. This project, led by HUST and co-constructed by Measurement & Earth Physical Research Institute of CAS, Physical and Mathematical Research Institute of CAS in Wuhan as well as China University of Geosciences  (Wuhan) is the second national major science and technology infrastructure settling in HUST. It is introduced that the data of earth gravity field is the national basic data and national strategic data.  Precise gravity measurement can help measure the global and regional gravity field in high resolution and preciseness. It’s an indispensible tool to obtain the basic data of earth’s mass change and an embodiment of a nation’s comprehensive strength. To construct precise gravity measurement facility is of great scientific significance to the basic research on solid earth and global environment and of strategic importance to resource exploration and national security. Aimed at improving China’s precise gravity measurement research ability, the facility will construct the internationally advanced precise gravity measurement research facility and finally make China become a gravity measurement scientific center with international influence. In line with the principle of open cooperation and shared resources, the facility will be open to many users in a wide range of areas and undertake various scientific research and academic exchanges. “ Precise gravity measurement research facility” has gained the great support of Ministry of Education, Hubei Province and Wuhan municipality.  HUST will make furthers efforts to accomplish various work concerning the project viability demonstration, preliminary preparation and engineering construction by uniting relevant research institutes so as to ensure the realization of the project construction goal.

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Experts contribute to Local Media

December 21,2015

Recently the local English newspaper Changjiang Weekly published an article reporting the international experts' contribution to local medias. Francesco Maglioccola, Architect Ph.D. and Assistant professor of University of Naples Parthenope, Department of Engineering, is a visiting professor of HUST. He has lived in Wuhan for more than two years. He is interested in the local culture and cultural exchange activities. For him, the Changjiang Weekly is an indispensable communication tool. Francesco Maglioccola says he reads the paper every week to learn about the changes taking place in Wuhan. Two weeks ago, he returned to his hometown, Naples, Italy. While he was there, he showed the paper to a number of local officials.  "Promoting the newspaper abroad is important. I hope I can contribute to the development of a strong relationship between Wuhan and Naples.

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Nanopore Research Conducted by Professor Xia Fan’s Team Made New Headway

December 21,2015

Professor Xia Fan’s research team in School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, HUST made new headway in their research on biological nano-materials. On March 25th, the paper “Target-Speci?c 3D DNA Gatekeepers for Biomimetic Nanopores” was published in Advanced Materials (Adv. Mater.,2015,27,2090–2095). Following the Waston-Crick base pairing, Professor Xia Fan’s team constructed a new cross-linked high-density 3D structure DNA and made it self-assemble in the nanopore system. Because the 3D Structure DNA contains “n+1” sticky ends, it compensated the disadvantages that simple structured nucleic acid probes have while self assembling in the nanopore- such as non-vertical growth, lodging, termination of cohesive terminus. Such 3D structure DNAs have very excellent gating quality in different pore diameters (30 nm-650nm) especially in relatively large pores. With the pore diameter ranging from 270 nm to 650 nm, the ON-OFF ratio maintains between 103-105. The system can perform the switching process with the stimulus of different molecules (small molecule ATP and Protein DNA enzyme). During the switching process, adding diluted organic reagent (ethanol) to the system can help accelerate the switching speed. The high-performance nano-fluid gating system control by DNA will be of great application value in biological analysis and the construction of high signal-to-noise ratio smart nano-devices. It’s introduced that since 2012, Xia Fan’s team has begun to conduct the research on the interaction of biomolecules (nucleic acid )  in Nano-limited spaces. Through the modification of nanopore with the special nucleic acid probe containing ATP aptamers, they have succeeded in constructing the highly efficient smart Nano-fluid gating system.(J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 15395− 15401)      In 2013, by modifying the man-made solid nanopore with the nucleic acid probe which can assemble itself to form a super sandwich structure, Professor Xia Fan’s research team constructed the nanopore sensing platform, which achieved the highly selective and sensitive dual-detection of the target probe and the small molecule (ATP) in the same system. For the small molecules, the detection limit is respectively 10fM and 1nM. Moreover, this kind of test can still work very well in multi-component mixtures and complicated biological samples. (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 2007–2011)

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The Famous Educator –Zhu Jiusi Passed Away, Who Laid the Foundational Framework for HUST’S Development

December 21,2015

At 18:06 of June 13th, the famous educator Zhu Jiusi passed away in Wuhan. As Li Peigen, academician in CAE and former HUST president remarked him: “ Mr Zhu is one of the most prominent educator in contemporary higher education circle, and the “era of Jiusi” has laid a solid foundation for HUST’s development in the next few decades. “ Devoting all his life to education Zhu Jiusi was born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province in 1916. A year after his graduation from Middle School, he was admitted to the Philosophy Education Department of Wuhan University with his brother’s support and the next year he transferred to the Foreign Languages Department.  “ Prestigious educator, undergraduate of Wuhan University” are the introduction about Mr Zhu in Baidu baike entry. After resigning from the post of leadership, he has been fully devoted to the research on China’s Higher Education. Professor Shen Hong in School of Education of HUST is the first doctor student instructed by Zhu Jiuxi. She recalled:” I have stated that I Should be sent to the univeristies situated in the economic and political center of China twice, but he firmly disagreed. He hopes that I can be closely related to HUST for all my life just like him.” Writing to Deng Xiaoping for appeal for reform In 1977 the party committee of Huazhong Institute of Technology (HIT) wrote to Deng Xiaoping to appeal for the integrated development of science and engineering in universities, for the establishment of teaching and research center and for the development of postgraduate education.  “ Following the hierarchy of power is report while jumping it is complaint.” Professor Chen Haichun in College of Public Administration, HUST remarked the behavior of Mr Zhu as ‘extremely bold’. Nowadys his deed seems very usual but that  happened in 1977 ! He surely took a risk by doing so.” The investigation of the American and Japanese higher education in 1979 firmed his idea of reform. Under his leadership, HUST became the first university to have a comprehensive reform, which also laid a solid foundation for its rise in later time. Now that we cannot develop liberal arts, we can firstly establish the research institute. If we fail once, we will make consistent efforts. In 1983 the first liberal art major in the history of Huazhong Institute of Technology -Journalism was approved to establish, which became the “news” of the press. At that time, the school had submitted the instruction report to MOE three times in less than 2 months. In his old age, he said in his memoir that” I’m a human not iron so I also feel afraid but I’m also the President and Party Secretary of HIT. When it’s time for us to make great deeds, we should not cower and be intimidated, otherwise we will come to nothing.”   Inviting the Father of Mechanics-Qian Weichang in HUST  “ So how is Qian Weichang the father of Chinese Mechanics related to HUST?” An old photo recorded the story long before between the two seniors. The introduction of the photo was revealed by few words. “ In 1977 HIT began to establish the mechanics faculty training program( undergraduate) and in 1988 it set the Engineering Mechanics major…… after which professor Qian came to HIT for a month-long lecturing. In the wake of cultural revolution, Full-scale reconstruction is under way. After fully realizing the disadvantages brought by the isolated development of science and engineering,  Zhu Jiusi began to lead HUST to a reconstruction by establishing science and liberal art majors early. Zhu Jiusi’s reputation of ” widely collecting talents’ is well known nationwide. Knowing that Qian Weichang intended to leave Qsinghua after the culture revolution, he  tended to invite Qian to be the Dean of HIT. At that time, many universities were trying to “snatch” Qian Weichang. Later Qian became the president of Shanghai University (its predecessor is Shanghai University of Technology). For many years when Zhu recalled the story, he couldn’t hide his regret. However, although Qian didn't become the dean of HIT, he became the part-time professor of HUST, under his guidance, HIT established the Mechanics Department. Later the Autobiograpgy in 80s of Qian weichang recorded his several speeches delivered in HUST and revealed that:” thanks to the great support of Zhu Jiusi, dean of HIT, I was then able to  write a lecteur note of more than 40,0000 words in Mount Lu. Remarking himself to have mainly done two and a half  things for HUST in his president-hood. In a warm afternoon of spring last year, the reporter from Changjiang Daily met Mr. Zhu at his 98.  When it came to the status quo of present higher education, he hoped that the question from the reporter could be “acuter”. When asked whether he was afraid of losing his official position while pushing forward the reform, he didn't answer it directly. On the coming the 99th birthday of Zhu Jiusi on the Eighth day of the first lunar month, the collection of Zhu Jiusi was published in HUST press.In his self statement, he mentioned that “ the innovative work I have done as the president mainly focuses on two and a half things. The first one is to put forward a new model of development, which is taking a comprehensive path of development and giving more priority to scientific research than to teaching; the second is to attract a lot of talents to HUST by some unusual means, as for the half thing, it’s planting numerous trees in HUST.” Remarks about Zhu Jiusi He has laid a solid foundation and we add the bricks --By former President of HUST: Huang Shuhuai Comrade Zhu Jiuxi has built the framework for the university’s construction and development; he laid a solId foundation and pinpointed our future direction of development. So we don’t make innovations but to add bricks, adjust, consolidate and improve ourselves. -By former President of HUST: Zhou Ji It’s because of his great vision, foresight and the great discussion on education idea led by him that have made HUST able to grasp the opportunities in the 1980s and achieve an unusual great-leap-forward development, which exerted great influence on the later development of HUST. -By former President of HUST: Li Peigen HUST nearly regards Jiusi as the father of the university. He is one of the most prominent educators in modern higher education field of China. The foundation for the development of science and liberal art disciplines in today’s HUST was all laid in the “Jiusi era.” -By Present President of HUST: Jing Lieyun Behind numerous outstanding scholars in HUST are the leaders represented by Zhu Jiusi, who used their great vision and wisdom to create a valuable space for teachers to conduct whole-hearted scientific research and free exploration, establish a disciplinary system with reasonable structure and excellent faculty, and most importantly make HUST boast the vitality to prosper. -By President of Wuhan University: Li Xiaohong Zhu Jiusi is a famous educator who enjoys high reputation in China. His expertise and ideas on higher education have made great contributions to the development of China’s higher education development. -By former president of Huazhong Normal University: Zhang Kaiyuan. I have once had a very deep discussion with Mr. Zhu, from which I found that he keeps abreast of the new theory and new information in outside world and holds many valuable ideas on the current shortcomings of China’s higher education and its reform -By former Administerative Deputy Minister of the Organization Department of the Central Committee of the CPC. For half a century, Jiusi have devoted himself to HIT. He contributed his wisdom and whole-heartedness to the establishment, rise, comprehensive and scientific development of HUST, which under his strenuous efforts has now become one of the top universities in China as well as in the world. He has made valuable contributions to the development of China’s higher education and his achievements prove that he is a contemporary educator with excellence in both theory and practice. -By the author of Remark on Zhu Jiusi: Wang Jionghua For the past several decades, Zhu Jiusi has always been concerned with HIT’s development. In particular, he pioneered to initiate reform and led a comprehensive development trend for engineering-centered universities, which has made indispensable contributions to the rise of HIT to a top university in China and a world-renowned university.  

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HUST Won Robomaster 2015

December 13,2015

265 technological innovations “new stars” of 22 strong teams from 17 universities in central-southern China gathered HUST for “an unusual fight” held from May 30th to 31th----the 14th RoboMasters2015 for the central-southern region of China. After fierce competition, 6 teams made it to the national final. They are the Robot Pilots Team from Shenzhen University, GUET ROBOT TEAM from Guilin University Of Electronic Technology, STARⅠ Team from HUST, Speedy Website Team from HUST, STARⅡ Team from HUST, and Red Edge Tiger Team from South China University of Technology. This competition introduced a fresh new competing model- fighter shooting. The competing area was set in an area as big as a basketball field with transparent protective fences surrounded. Barriers simulating various kinds of fighting situations were set in the field. The military facilities including the base, maintenance station and supply station, are very fully equipped so as to achieve the intelligent real-time control. The competition adopted the model of red - blue confrontation. The competing teams used their computers to control the fighters designed, developed and assembled by them to fight and confront the opposite side. They had the real-time operation according to the FPV image transmitted from the sensor of the robot. They can choose their targets to follow and shoot “bullets” to attack the opposite base and their robots. The side storming the stronghold of the opposite wins. The competition was hosted by School Department of the Communist Youth League and the Secretariat of All-China Students' Federation,and co-organized by School of Electronic Information & Communications, HUST and SZ DJI Technology Co., Ltd. HUST Vice President Luo Qingming and Vice president of SZ DJI Technology Co., Ltd., Shao Jianhuo, attended the opening ceremony.

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